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MEMORANDUM 
TO 

THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON TERRORIST ATTACKS UPON 

THE UNITED STATES 

THE SENATE SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE 

THE HOUSE PERMANENT SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE 



Israeli Surveillance of the Future 
Hijackers and FBI Suspects in the 
September 11 Attacks and Their 
Failure to Give Us Adequate Warning: 
The Need for a Public Inquiry 



September 15, 2004 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

1 . General Preliminary Conclusions 2 

2 . Imperatives and Priorities 4 

3. The DEA Report 5 

4. The Israeli DEA Groups 6 

a. Backgrounds in Intelligence, Electronic 
Intercept and Communications Units 6 

b. Connections to Israeli Wiretapping and 
Telecommunications Companies 9 

c. Israeli Surveillance of U.S. Government 
Offices, Laboratories and Residences and Other 
U.S. Strategic Areas 10 

d. Spying on the United States 11 

e. Israeli Surveillance of Arab Groups, 

the Future Hijackers and FBI Suspects 13 

f. Hollywood, Florida: The Operating Base of 

The Israeli DEA Groups 14 

5. The Future Hijackers and FBI Suspects 15 

a. Operations in Hollywood, Florida 15 

b. Timing of Operations of Both Groups in the 
Hollywood Area 17 

i. Hijacker Timelines 17 

ii . Israeli DEA Groups 18 

iii. Future Hijackers 18 

c. Activities of Both Groups in Oklahoma 20 

d. Dallas: A Probable Training Area for the 
Israeli DEA Groups 23 



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6. Reports Concerning the Surveillance Activities of 

The Israeli DEA Groups 25 

7. Northeastern New Jersey— Another Vital Center of 
Operations for Both Sides 26 

a . Hudson and Bergen Counties : The Operating 

Base of the Israeli New Jersey Group 26 

b. The Leader of the Israeli New Jersey Group Flees 

to Israel and becomes an FBI Suspect 29 

c. Hudson and Bergen Counties: The Staging Ground 
for the Future Hijackers of the Pentagon Plane... 30 

d. The FBI's Conclusion: The Israeli New Jersey 
Group were Mossad Intelligence Operatives Spying 

on Local Arabs in Hudson and Bergen Counties 31 

8. Inadequate Israeli Warnings in August 2001 32 

9. The Watchlisting of Khaled al Mihdhar and Nawaf 

al Hazmi in August 2001 36 

a. "John", "Mary", "Jane" and "Alice" 38 

b. The Uncertain, Untranslated, Unwitnessed, 
Unremembered and Erroneous Identification of 
Khallad 39 

c. William (of Ockham) 42 

10. Why the Israeli Groups? 43 

11. The CIA's Role and Responsibilities 45 

12. Detailed Summary 49 



EXHIBITS AND MAPS 
EXHIBIT A-The DEA Report 

EXHIBIT B— Members of Israeli Groups and Future Hijackers 
and FBI Suspects in Key Towns and Areas 



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EXHIBIT C-The October 2001 FBI Suspect List 

EXHIBIT D-The May 2002 FBI Suspect List 

EXHIBIT E— Mo s sad Warnings— A Tabular Comparison 

MAP 1— Hollywood, Florida Area: Central Area of 

Operations of Future Hijackers of the World 
Trade Center Planes and Pennsylvania 
Plane, and the Israeli DEA Groups, December 2000 
to September 2001 

MAP 2— Hollywood, Florida: Core of Operations of 

the Future Hijackers of the World Trade Center 
Planes and the Pennsylvania Plane and the Israeli 
DEA Groups, December 2000 to September 2001 

MAP 3— Hudson and Bergen Counties, NJ, New York City 

Metropolitan Area: Center of Operations of the 
Future Hijackers of the Pentagon Plane and the 
Israeli New Jersey Group, March to September 2001 

MAP 4- United States, Mid-2000 through August, 2001 



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MEMORANDUM 



September 15, 2004 

TO: THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON TERRORIST ATTACKS 
UPON THE UNITED STATES 

THE SENATE SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE 

THE HOUSE PERMANENT SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE 

Israeli Surveillance of the Future Hijackers and FBI 
Suspects in the September 11 Attacks and Their 
Failure to Give Us Adequate Warning: 
The Need for a Public Inquiry 

I am an international corporate lawyer, writing 
to you today about a matter of public policy that is 
relevant to the circumstances surrounding, and our 
preparedness for, the catastrophic attacks on September 11, 
2001. I do not know whether the National Commission on 
Terrorist Attacks (the "Commission") or the Senate and 
House Committees on Intelligence (the "Committees") have 
had the opportunity to consider these issues carefully. If 
so, I hope this memorandum will be helpful. If not, I 
respectfully urge them, in accordance with the mandate of 
the Commission' s charter and in the exercise of the 
Committees' responsibilities, to investigate the facts and 
resolve the questions presented. 

I regret that this memorandum comes to the 
Commission after the publication of its Final Report this 
past July (the "Commission's Final Report"). As will 
become evident, however, it has taken some time to assemble 



the facts from the raw data and other information set forth 
in available governmental and other reports and relevant 
documents in the public record. Moreover, and in any 
event, the need to examine and resolve the compelling 
issues presented here outweighs the mere appearance of 
completeness by putting a permanent end to the Commission' s 
work. 

It is far more important, to all of us, that the 
Commission's work be accurate and complete or, at the very 
least, that the Commission urge that these questions be 
explored and resolved by another panel as independent, 
distinguished and objective as itself. Both the Senate and 
House Committees should endeavor to explore and resolve 
these issues as well. 

1 . General Preliminary Conclusions 

This memorandum, on the basis of the information 
set forth below, the Exhibits hereto and the reports and 
other documents cited herein, comes to the following 
general preliminary conclusions . The confirmation or 
effective rebuttal of these conclusions can be arrived at 
only by a public inquiry and a thorough examination of all 
necessary and appropriate witnesses and all relevant 
documentary and other evidence . A detailed summary of 
these tentative conclusions is set forth at pages 49 to 52. 

I emphasize at the outset that the purpose of 
this memorandum is not to accuse any individual or 
individuals (excluding the hijackers themselves) , or any 
company, of any unlawful act or any other act harmful to 



2 



the United States . That will be the task of others only 
after, and solely if justified by, the determination of all 
the relevant facts in the course of the public inquiry. -- 

1. In the months leading up to September 11, 
2001, the Israeli DEA Groups 1 were spying on the United 
States . 2 They were at the same time keeping Arab groups in 
our country under surveillance, including the future 
hijackers and other FBI suspects in the catastrophic 
attacks of September 11. The base of operations for both 
the Israeli DEA Groups and the future hijackers of the 
World Trade Center Planes and the Pennsylvania Plane was in 
and around Hollywood, Florida. 

2. During the same period, the Israeli New 
Jersey Group was keeping under surveillance Arab groups in 
Bergen and Hudson Counties, New Jersey, across the Hudson 
River from Manhattan, including the future hijackers of the 
Pentagon Plane, whose center of operations was also in 
Bergen and Hudson Counties. The Israeli New Jersey Group 
appears to have been aware, before they occurred, that 
hijackings had been planned by Arab terrorists, as 
evidenced by their jubilation when the World Trade Center 
was first struck, by the North Tower Plane. The leader of 
the Israeli New Jersey Group, who has fled the United 
States for Israel, is included, along with the names of the 
hijackers and FBI suspects, on the May 2002 FBI Suspect 
List. 

3. The Israeli Government, through its external 
security agency, Mossad, warned the United States in August 
2001 that an impending catastrophic attack on our soil was 
being planned by Arab terrorist cells located in the United 
States. The warnings were the result of the Israeli 
Groups' surveillance of the future hijackers in this 
country . 

4 . The Mossad warnings were too vague and too 
late to have enabled the United States to take any action 
to prevent the imminent attacks at unspecified locations in 



1 Capitalized terms used initially in this memorandum without definition 
have the respective meanings later specified. 

2 As shown in this memorandum, the evidence establishing this fact 
appears to be conclusive. 



3 



the U.S., or to detain the individuals who were planning 
them. 

5. Why the Israeli government decided not to 
share with us all the critical information they had, and 
the extent of that information, is a subject for the public 
inquiry. They may have thought some sort of warning 
prudent in the event their surveillance activities later 
became a matter of public knowledge. But any energetic 
Israeli effort to assist the United States in preventing 
the attacks would not have served their strategic interest, 
in view of the disastrous effect those attacks were likely 
to have on the relationships between the United States and 
the Arab world. As a leader of the Israeli New Jersey 
Group said when he was arrested on the afternoon of 
September 11, "We are Israeli. We are not your problem. 
Your problems are our problems . " 

6. Whether and to what extent the CIA, though 
surely not aware of the plans of the future hijackers 
before the attacks , might have been aware of or condoned 
the Israeli Groups' surveillance of Arab groups generally 
in the United States prior to September 11 is a further 
question that must be explored in the course of the public 
inquiry. The CIA's explanation of why two future hijackers 
were placed on a Watchlist in August 2001, as set forth in 
the Commission's Final Report, is implausible and may have 
been designed to conceal the Israeli warnings. This 
consideration, along with other important factors discussed 
below, opens the door to a thorough investigation of this 
issue as well. 

2 . Imperatives and Priorities 

It need hardly be observed that the demands of 
justice and national security, and the rights of the 
victims and their survivors, require that our first 
imperative, as a nation, be to find and bring to justice 
Osama bin Laden and his coadjutors, as well as other 
members of al Qaeda, and all others who bear responsibility 
for the horrendous loss of life on that terrible September 
day. That work is of course the charge of our political, 



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intelligence, defense, military and defense establishments 
and our judiciary. 

The Commission' s task is a collateral and 
subordinate one--to investigate the circumstances 
surrounding and our preparedness for the September 11 
attacks , in the hope that we can prevent one from ever 
happening again. This is the charge of the Committees as 
well. This memorandum, therefore, while it naturally 
stresses, for the benefit of the Commission and the 
Committees, the present issues relating to surveillance and 
disclosure, before and at about the time of the attacks, 
should not be mistaken as any effort to place the blame for 
the cause of our suffering on anyone but al Qaeda and its 
members , or to weaken the resolve of our country in 
finding, capturing and punishing those who have brought so 
much misery to so many of us . 

3. The PEA Report 

In June 2001, the Office of Security of the Drug 
Enforcement Administration (the "DEA") issued a long report 
(the "DEA Report") describing in precise detail the 
attempts of approximately 125 or more nationals of a 
foreign country, most posing as art students, "to penetrate 
several DEA Field Offices in the continental United 
States . " Many of these individuals also visited the 
residences of numerous DEA officials and "other agencies' 
facilities and the residences of their employees . " The DEA 
Report states that "these incidents have occurred since at 
least the beginning of 2000, and have continued to the 



5 



present." They were ongoing activities in the summer of 
2001. A copy of the DEA Report is attached as Exhibit A. 

4 . The Israeli DEA Groups 

Virtually all of the scores of individuals 
questioned or detained by the DEA and other federal and 
local law enforcement authorities were citizens of the 
State of Israel. They were generally organized in groups 
of eight to 10 people, with a single team leader (the 
"Israeli DEA Groups") . They usually worked, individually 
or in pairs, carrying makeshift art portfolios. They 
visited scores of DEA offices, laboratories and houses or 
apartments, ostensibly to offer or show the paintings or 
prints in the portfolios for sale or promotion to DEA 
personnel . 

a. Backgrounds in Intelligence, Electronic Intercept 
And Communications Units 

While Israel has compulsory military service, 
many of those questioned by U.S. authorities had served in 
the military intelligence services or in electronic or 
communications units of the Israeli army. Thus, for 
example, Lior Baram 3 of Plantation (near Hollywood) , 
Florida, questioned by the DEA on January 22, 2001, had 
served two years in Israeli intelligence working with 
classified information; Dilka Borenstein, 4 questioned by INS 
at Dallas /Fort Worth International Airport ("DFW Airport") 
on March 27, 2001, was a "recently discharged" military 

3 DEA Report, paragraph 69, p. 20; paragraph 5, p. 48. (the Indexing 
Section of the DEA Report beginning on p. 48 is separately numbered) . 

4 DEA Report, paragraph 46, p. 13; paragraph 104, p. 56. 



6 



intelligence officer; Marina Glikman, 5 questioned at DFW 
Airport on or about May 1, 2001, worked for an Israeli 
software company with expertise in hand-held computer 
technology and had served as an Israeli military 
intelligence officer; Tomer Ben Dor, also questioned at DFW 
Airport on that day, 6 worked for an Israeli wiretapping 
company and had served in an Israeli military unit that was 
"responsible for" Patriot missile defense. 

The DEA' s Office of Security concluded that the 
Israelis "may well be engaged in organized intelligence 
gathering." 7 A spokesman for the Immigration & 
Naturalization Service (the "INS") stated that dozens of 
these Israelis were expelled from the United States (from 
California, the Midwest, Florida and other states) . "No 
one has tallied the total," he said. 8 The expulsions were 
usually for visa violations . 

The leaders of the Israeli DEA Groups included 
Itay Simon (arrested on April 14, 2001 in Irving, Texas), 
recently discharged from the Israeli army where he had done 
classified work for the Israeli military. 9 Mr. Simon 
coordinated recruiting for the groups and served as an 
intermediary between five individuals in Israel and the 
U.S. operation. 10 Another leader was Michael Calmanovic 
(also arrested in Irving on that day) , who rented a number 

5 DEA Report, paragraph 53-56, pp. 16-17; paragraph 120, p. 57. 

6 Ibid. Mr. Ben Dor was apparently not an "art salesmen", but possessed 
a document relating to these groups . Ms . Glikman was an associate of 
Mr. Ben Dor (see below) . 

7 DEA Report , p . 1 . 

8 Government Tracks Israeli Art Students by Connie Cass (AP) , March 9, 
2002. 

9 DEA Report, paragraph 50, p. 14; paragraph 107, p. 56. 

10 DEA Report, paragraph 48, p. 12. 



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of apartments in Irving, Texas occupied by 25 Israelis. 
Mr. Calmanovic was a recently discharged electronic 
intercept operator for the Israeli military. 12 As stated in 
the DEA Report, traveling about the U.S. to 
sell paintings "seem[ed] not to fit [the] background" 13 of 
many of the individuals in question. 

A third principal was Hanan Serfaty (or Sarfati) , 
a team leader residing in Hollywood, Florida. When 
questioned by the DEA in Tampa, Florida, on March 1, 2001, 
he had in his possession bank deposit slips amounting to 
more than $100,000 from December 2000 through the first 
quarter of 2001, and withdrawal slips for slightly less 
than that amount during the period. Mr. Serfaty served in 
the Israeli military between the ages of 18 and 21, but 
refused to disclose to the DEA his activities between the 
ages of 21 and 24, including his activities since his U.S. 
arrival at age 23 in 2000. 14 Another was Peer Segalovitz of 
Tamarac, Florida (about 20 miles west of Hollywood— see MAP 
1) , an active officer in an Israeli special forces 
battalion who commanded 80 men in the Golan Heights. He 
was detained in Orlando on May 3, 2001. 15 



DEA Report, paragraph 49, p 12; paragraph 106, p. 56. 

12 DEA Report, paragraph 50, Pages 14-15. As stated in paragraph 50, 
Mr. Calmanovic also had an address and telephone number in Studio City, 
California, related to other DEA case files. 

13 DEA Report, p. 2. 

14 DEA Report, paragraphs 80-81, pp. 24-25; paragraph 39, P. 50. 

15 DEA Report, paragraphs 96-100, pp. 29-30; paragraph 66, p. 53. 
Paragraph 66 of the Indexing Section lists Segalovitz as a former 
officer in the Israeli Special Forces . Paragraph 97 in the body of the 
text states that he "has the rank of Lieutenant" and specifies his 
military ID number. 



8 



b. Connections to Israeli Wiretapping and 
Telecommunications Companies 

Tomer Ben Dor (mentioned above) , another Israeli 
of interest to the DEA, was an employee of Nice-Systems 
Ltd. , an Israeli company specializing in systems and 
solutions for detecting, locating, monitoring, evaluating 
and analyzing voice communications and other transmissions 
from a variety of sources --activities commonly known as 
wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping. Nice-Systems' 
U.S. subsidiary, Nice Systems Inc., is located in 
Rutherford, New Jersey 16 , adjacent to East Rutherford where 
five members of the Israeli New Jersey group were arrested 
on September 11. When Mr. Ben Dor was interrogated by the 
INS at the DFW Airport in May 2001, an inspection of his 
bags revealed a printout containing a reference to a file 
entitled "DEA Groups." 17 

One member of the Israeli DEA Groups, Michal Gal, 
who was arrested in Irving, Texas, 18 was released on a 
$10,000 cash bond posted by Ophir Baer, an employee of 
Amdocs , Inc. an Israeli telecommunications firm with 
operations in the United States . The Amdocs employee 
described Mr. Gal as a "relative". 

Messrs. Calmanovic and Simon (above) were 
arrested by the INS for their role in the Israelis' art- 
selling activities without the necessary visas. They were 

16 Annual Report on Form 20-F of Nice-Systems Ltd. , as filed with the 
Securities and Exchange Commission on June 24, 2002. 

17 DEA Report, paragraph 54, pp. 16-17. 

18 Mr. Gal told the DEA he would be staying in Edgewater, New Jersey, 
which is near the center of operations of the Israeli New Jersey Group 
(see MAP 3) . 



9 



held on $50,000 bond, which was subsequently posted, 
though the DEA Report does not say by whom. Six members of 
the Israeli DEA Groups appear to have been using cell 
telephones that were purchased by a former Israeli vice 
consul in the United States . 20 

c. Israeli Surveillance of U.S. Government Offices, 

Laboratories and Residences and Other Strategic Areas 

During the first five months of 2001 (and 
including a few calls in 2000) , the Israeli DEA Groups went 
to a total of about 57 DEA locations (28 offices and 29 
residences), primarily in the southern United States 21 , 
ostensibly offering to sell or solicit an interest in 
paintings. These included 25 DEA offices and three 
laboratories: the DEA' s Southwest Laboratory near San 
Diego (and the residence of its Director), 22 the DEA' s 
Southeast Laboratory in Miami (and the residences of three 
of its chemists), 23 and the DEA' S South Central Laboratory 
(or property adjacent to it) , as well as the residences of 
one of its chemists and another employee. 24 One Israeli 
asked to visit the house of a DEA employee "to match the 
frame to his furnishing," an offer the employee declined. 

Members of the Israeli DEA Groups were also 
discovered taking photographs of a DEA office building and 



19 DEA Report, paragraph 50, p. 14. 

20 Un Reseau d'Espionnage Israelien a ete Demantele aux Etats-Unis , by 
Sylvain Cypel , Le Monde, March 2, 2002. 

21 The DEA facilities and residences were located in 15 states : 
Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, 
Louisiana, Missouri, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah and 
Virginia , and in Washington , D . C . 

22 DEA Report, paragraphs 153-54, p. 41. 

23 DEA Report, paragraphs 160-64, pages 42-43. 

24 DEA Report, paragraphs 165-67, 169, pages 44-45. 



10 



parking lot in Orlando, Florida, and on an active runway 
of the Volk Field Air National Guard Base at Camp Douglas , 
Wisconsin. 26 An Air Force alert was issued from Tinker Air 
Force Base in Oklahoma City concerning possible Israeli 
intelligence gathering at the base. 27 Israeli personnel 
were also found taking a photograph of the house of a 
special agent of the Environmental Protection Agency in 
Denver, Colorado, 28 and "diagramming" the inside of an 
office building of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and 
Firearms in Lexington, Kentucky. 29 



d. Spying on the United States 



The Israeli DEA Groups were clearly spying on the 
Drug Enforcement Agency, and thus upon the United States. 
Many individuals in the DEA Groups may have been trying to 
do no more than sell paintings (albeit in violation of 
their visa status and thus unlawfully) , but the total 
number of visits to DEA offices, laboratories and 
residences precludes any characterization of these efforts 
as a commonplace sales endeavor . 30 The DEA Report 



DEA Report, paragraph 95, p. 28. 

26 DEA Report, paragraph 178, p. 47. 

27 DEA Report, paragraph 175, p. 46. 

28 DEA Report, paragraph 172, p. 46. 

29 DEA Report, paragraph 71, p. 21. 

30 

I do recall that a student (though in fact, none of the Israelis was 
a student, as established in the DEA Report) can make a good deal of 
money selling things on foot. During the summer following my sophomore 
year at Yale I sold encyclopedias door to door with Maynard Jackson, 
who drove the "van" in our operation, his black Pontiac convertible. 
Maynard was at B . U . Law School at the time . Each day I spoke to about 

30 people at their doors and managed to make all or part of a sales 
presentation to about four families. So during the period (about 65 
working days over a total of 10 weeks) I spoke to about 1,950 people at 
the door, made a presentation to about 260 families, and sold 25 to 30 
sets . Not once , however , did I make a sale to any federal governmental 
official, nor, to the best of my recollection (a) did any of our 
groups, nor (b) did we ever make even a presentation to any such 



11 



speculates that the spying by the Israeli DEA Groups was 
related to an ongoing ecstasy investigation. 31 In the 
course of an earlier ecstasy investigation, the DEA feared 
its communications systems had been compromised. 32 

One of the difficulties in analyzing the DEA 
Report is that it is reactive. The bulk of it records the 
activities of the Israeli DEA Groups when they call upon or 
attempt to infiltrate DEA offices, laboratories or 
residences. The DEA did not generally seek them out, keep 
them under surveillance, or otherwise try to find out what 
they were doing, other than making calls on and 
photographing or diagramming the facilities of the DEA and 
other governmental agencies . 

When the DEA Report was prepared, however, the 
DEA and the INS were of course unaware of the extensive 
activities and operations in the United States of the 
future September 11 hijackers and their suspected 
collaborators, whom the Israeli DEA Groups appear to have 
had in their sites as well. Why the Israeli DEA Groups 
would be engaged in both activities , where their spying on 
the DEA would clearly raise suspicions among U.S. law 
enforcement authorities, is unclear. It may well have been 
an effective distraction of others from or "cover" for 
their primary objective. This question is discussed 
further below at p. 43. 

official. Nor, of course, did we ever call upon any federal offices, 
laboratories or military air bases , or photograph anything at all , not 
even, to my present dismay, Maynard himself. 

31 See DEA Report, p. 1. Peer Segalovitz was asked about and confirmed 
that he "was aware of Israeli Organized Crime involvement in drug 
smuggling and weapons smuggling." DEA Report, paragraph 98, p. 29. 

32 Transcript of Fox News Telecast, December 14, 2001. 



12 



e. Israeli Surveillance of Arab Groups, the Future 
Hijackers and FBI Suspects 

Israel's Institute for Intelligence and Special 
Tasks, commonly known as Mossad, is the Israeli agency 
responsible for its external security. A few days after 
September 11, Israeli intelligence officials reported that 
two senior experts of Mossad had warned the United States 
in August 2001 that large-scale terrorist attacks on the 
U.S. mainland were imminent. They also informed U.S. 
officials of the existence of a cell of as many as 200 
terrorists preparing the operation. 33 

One highly placed investigator stated later that 
fall that there was evidence linking the Israeli DEA Groups 
to the gathering of intelligence about the September 11 
attacks. He refused to disclose the evidence, however, 
since it was classified. A highly regarded American 
journal that broadly covers Israeli affairs reported in 
December 2001 that the Israeli DEA Groups were spying on 
Islamic networks in the United States linked to Middle East 
Terrorism. 34 

There was no implication in these reports that 
the Israelis were involved in planning for or carrying out 
the September 11 attacks. Rather, it was suspected that 
the Israelis gathered advance information about the attacks 
and decided not to share it. "What investigators are 
saying is that that warning from Mossad was nonspecific 



33 The October 3, 2001 FBI Suspect List (the "October 2001 FBI Suspect 

List" (Exhibit C) , contains the names of about 350 suspects . 

34 For a fuller account and analysis of these reports, see p. 32. 



13 



and general . " 



f. Hollywood, Florida: The Operating Base of the 
Israeli PEA Groups 

The locus of the most important operations of the 
Israeli DEA Groups was the area in and around Hollywood, 
Florida : 

"The majority of the incidents have occurred in 
the southern half of the continental U.S. with the 
most activity reported in the state of Florida. . . . 
Hollywood . . . seems to be a central point for these 
individuals with several having addresses in this 
area . [Emphasis supplied.] 

At the very time the DEA was setting down these 
words, in June 2001, just two or three months before the 
September 11 hijackings, 15 of the 19 future hijackers were 
also living in Hollywood, nine in the town itself and six 
in surrounding towns (see Exhibit B and MAPS 1 and 2) . 
Hollywood, for months, had been and would continue to be 
the staging ground for the hijacking of the World Trade 
Center Planes and the Pennsylvania Plane . Among the 
Israeli groups, more than 30 lived in the Hollywood area, 
10 in Hollywood itself. They were not only spying on the 
DEA but, in all likelihood, were keeping the future 
hijackers under surveillance as well. This appears to be 
the tragic riddle the DEA, unaware of the future hijackers' 
existence, was unable to solve. 

Hanan Serfaty, stopped and questioned by the DEA 
as noted above on March 1, 2001, lived in Hollywood. 

35 Transcript of Fox Television News telecast, December 12, 2001. 

36 DEA Report, p. 1. 



14 



Another leader, Legum Yochai, lived in Miami. One of the 
five members of the Israeli New Jersey Group arrested on 
September 11 (see below) lived in Miami Beach. Lior 
Barram, the former Israeli intelligence officer, though 
stopped at a DEA facility in Houston (Texas may have been a 
DEA-Group training area as noted below) lived in 
Plantation, Florida, about 10 miles west of Hollywood. 
Peer Segalovitz, the Israeli special forces lieutenant, and 
his brother lived in Tamarac, just north of Fort 
Lauderdale. Akyuz Sagiv, a former bodyguard to the Israeli 
army's top-ranking general, appears to have lived in 
Hollywood or in Coral Springs . For the precise location of 
the relevant towns in the Hollywood area, see MAP 1. 

5 . The Future Hijackers and FBI Suspects 

a . Operations in Hollywood, Florida 

It is clear that Hollywood was the core of 
operations for the future hijackers and their 
collaborators. All of the hijackers of three of the four 
aircraft that were commandeered on September 11 lived in 
Hollywood or its immediate environs in the months leading 
up to the hijackings. 37 These included all of the hijackers 
of American Airlines Flight 11 from Boston, which crashed 
into the World Trade Center's North Tower (the "North Tower 
Plane") , who lived in Hollywood itself. They were Mohamed 



The hijackers of the fourth plane, which crashed into the Pentagon, 
were based in New Jersey (see p. 26 below) . 



15 



Atta (the pilot), Abdulaziz al Omari , Waleed al Shehri , 
Wail al Shehri and Satam al Suqami . 38 

Two of the four hijackers of United Airlines 
Flight 93 from Newark, which crashed in Pennsylvania (the 
"Pennsylvania Plane") , Ziad Jarrah (the pilot) and Ahmed al 
Nami, also lived in Hollywood. Two of the five hijackers 
of United Airlines Flight 175 from Boston, which crashed 
into the World Trade Center's South Tower (the "South Tower 
Plane" and, collectively with the North Tower Plane, the 
"World Trade Center Planes") , Marwan al Shehhi (the pilot) 
and Mohand al Shehri , lived in Hollywood as well . The two 
remaining hijackers on those planes, Fayez Banihammad and 
Hamza al Ghamdi on the South Tower Plane, and Saeed al 
Ghamdi and Ahmed al Haznawi in the Pennsylvania plane, 
lived in Delray Beach. 

Khaled al Mihdhar and Nawaf al Hazmi , overall 
leaders of the hijackers and hijackers of the Pentagon 
Plane, had addresses in both Bergen County, New Jersey and 
in Hollywood and Delray Beach, respectively. Many of the 
above future hijackers had Hollywood addresses interspersed 
with or within hundreds yards of the members of the Israeli 
DEA Groups , as shown on MAP 2 . 



38 FBI Suspect List, dated May 22, 2002 (the "May 2002 FBI Suspect 
List") , which is attached as Exhibit D. Both FBI Suspect Lists appear 
to have been inadvertently released by European Exchange Control 
authorities , the first by the Finnish authority (Associated Press , 
October 12, 2001) and the second in Italy by the Ufficio ltalia.no dei 
Cambi . Wail al Shehri appears on the October 2001 FBI Suspect list 
but, presumably mistakenly, not on that of May 2002. 



16 



b. Timing of Operations of Both Groups in the 
Hollywood Area 

i. Hijacker Timelines 

The Commission has in its possession two 
"hijackers timelines" which appear to trace the future 
hijackers' movements in the periods leading up to September 
11 . They were compiled by the FBI and are dated November 
14 and December 5, 2003. 39 The FBI has confirmed that it 
prepared, edited and declassified the hijackers timelines 
for the Commission, and that any decision to release them 
would be the Commission's alone. 40 Thus far, however, the 
Commission has declined to release them. 

There are, nevertheless, a number of hijacker 
timelines , prepared by individuals or groups , that are 
generally available. One of those timelines, entitled the 
Annotated Timeline of the 9/11 Hijackers for Researchers , 
dated May 13, 2002 (the "Hijacker Timeline") , represents 
that it has been compiled from public sources and is used 
as a reference here. It is available at FreeRepublic.com. 41 
The Hijacker Timeline, though dated in a number of respects 
(it was issued a year and a half before the FBI's hijackers 
timelines) , appears generally consistent with publicly 
available U.S. government reports on the hijackers' 
movements, including information from the FBI's hijackers 
timelines to the extent discernable from citations in the 



See the Commission's Final Report, e.g., note 55 to Chapter 5, p. 43, 
and note 46 to Chapter 7, p. 519. 

40 Telephone conversation with Ms . Whitney Blake of the FBI in August 
2004. 

41 To obtain the accurate page citations in the Hijacker Timeline, a 
reader may need to insert page numbers in that document. 



17 



Commission's footnotes, the Commission's Staff Statements, 
the Joint Committee Report, other governmental reports, and 
accounts in the established press. 

ii . Israeli PEA Groups 

As to the timing of the operations of the 
Israelis in Florida, the Israeli DEA Group led by Hanan 
Sarfaty was stopped in Tampa on March 1, 2001 as noted 
above, and at that time provided their Hollywood-area 
addresses to DEA agents. 42 Sarfaty said that he had arrived 
in the United States "approximately" one year earlier but, 
as noted above, refused to state what he had been doing 
since that time (or for the two prior years since he had 
left the army) . Another group based in the Hollywood area, 
led by Peer Segalovitz, was stopped on May 3, 2001, and 
provided their addresses. Segalovitz had arrived in the 
United States on January 17, 2001. 43 

iii . Future Hijackers 

As to the hijackers, a number of them had lived 
in the Hollywood area or elsewhere in Florida well before 
2000/2001. Hani Hanjour, the pilot of the Pentagon Plane 
and a member of the New Jersey hijacker group, had lived in 
the Hollywood area for a time in 1996 (in Miramar, a few 
miles southwest of Hollywood (see MAP 1) . 44 Saeed al Ghamdi 
had lived in Daytona Beach for several years in the 1990s, 
and Waleed al Shehri had taken flight lessons there in 



DEA Report, paragraph 76 ff . , p. 24. 
DEA Report, paragraph 96 ff. p. 28. 
Hijacker Timeline, p. 6. 



18 



1997 . Mohamed Atta had also lived in Daytona Beach in the 
mid-1990s . 

In mid-2000, the leaders of the Florida hijackers 
arrived in Florida to prepare for the hijackings, and were 
followed in 2001 by their subordinates. 46 Thus, Mohamed 
Atta, Marwan al Shehhi and Ziad Jarrah arrived between May 
and June 2000. All of them attended flight school in 
Venice, Florida, not far from Fort Myers where the 
Hollywood Israeli DEA Groups were later found operating. 
Although the Israeli DEA Groups were questioned in Fort 
Myers by DEA agents a few months after the hijackers had 
left for Hollywood, 47 the reactive nature of the DEA Report 
makes it difficult to track the timing of the Israeli 
Groups' movements except when they were spying on the DEA 
or to the extent they disclosed their movements , as they 
sometimes did, to DEA or INS agents or other law 
enforcement authorities . 48 

Atta and al Shehhi were in the Hollywood area by 
the end of December 2000, when they took flight training 
courses in Opa-Locka, about 15 miles southwest of 
Hollywood. 49 Ziad Jarrah took flight training courses the 



45 Boston Globe, September 15, 2001. 

46 REPORT OF THE JOINT INQUIRY INTO THE TERRORIST ATTACKS OF SEPTEMBER 
11, 2001 -BY THE HOUSE PERMANENT SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE AND 
THE SENATE SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE, S. REPT . NO. 107- 351 
107TH CONGRESS, 2D SESSION H. REPT. NO. 107-792, December 2002 (the 
"Joint Committee Report") , pp. 135ff . See generally, Daily Telegraph 
(London), September 20, 2001. 

47 DEA Report, paragraphs 90-94, pp. 27-28. See MAP 4. 

48 See, e.g. the statements of one of the Israeli DEA Groups as to their 
movements through Oklahoma at DEA Report, paragraph 52, p. 16. 

49 Joint Committee Report, p. 136. 



19 



following month (in January 2001) in Virginia Gardens, 
about 20 miles south of Hollywood (see MAP 1) . 50 

Atta and al Shehhi settled permanently on the 
east coast of Florida, somewhere in the Hollywood area, in 
mid to late February 2001. 51 They procured a mailbox 
address on Sheridan Street in Hollywood some time early in 
the year. 52 Ziad Jarrah returned to Hollywood from abroad 
in April. 53 The pilots' subordinates arrived in the area at 
various dates between March and June. 

c. Activities of Both Groups in Oklahoma 

Oklahoma City and Norman (about 15 miles south of 
Oklahoma City) were also an important locus of activity for 
the future hijackers. Mohamed Atta and Marwan al Shehhi 
had toured the Airman Flight School in Norman at the end of 
June 2000. 54 Zacarias Moussaoui, a suspected potential 
hijacker, moved to Norman in February 2001 to take flight 
lessons at Airman. In May Moussaoui had considered joining 
the future hijackers in Hollywood and inquired about flying 
lessons at the Pan Am International Flight School in 
Miami. 55 In August 2001, however, he left for the Pan Am 
flight school in Minnesota, where he raised suspicions and 
was arrested. 56 



Joint Committee Report, p. 137. 
Hijacker Timeline, p. 20. 
Hijacker Timeline, p. 23. 

The Wall Street Journal, September 18, 2001. 
Hijacker Timeline, p. 64. 
Hijacker Timeline, p. 25. 
Hijacker Timeline, p. 37. 



20 



Five other individuals on the May 2002 FBI 
Suspect List lived in Norman, including at least two 
roommates of Moussaoui, Hussein Alattas and Mukkaram Ali . 57 
Nawaf al Hazmi had also been in Oklahoma. He was, as the 
Commission and the Committees know, an important leader of 
the hijackers and an attendee at meetings in Kuala Lumpur, 
Malaysia (see below) . On April 1, 2001 al Hazmi was 
stopped for speeding on Interstate 40 in western Oklahoma, 
apparently headed for Oklahoma City and Moussaoui in 
Norman. 58 

The Israeli DEA Groups were also active in 
Oklahoma City during the spring of 2001. On March 28, 
2001, the day following a DEA midnight raid near Dallas 
(described further below) , an Israeli DEA Group on their 
way to Oklahoma City arrived at DFW Airport from Frankfurt. 
In a scene reminiscent of the keystone cops, and under 
clandestine DEA and INS surveillance, they tried to avoid 
being detected as a group and followed. The three arriving 
Israelis were Yoni Engel, Yotam Dagai and Or Alroei . 
Alroei was an associate of Michael Calmanovic. Engel was a 
former Israeli company commander. 

The three Israelis were traveling with an 
American, Eli Rabinovitz . After clearing customs they met 
with an unidentified woman on the curb and then temporarily 
split up. Rabinovitz stayed with the woman while Engel, 
Dagai and Alroei walked down the sidewalk to the next 
terminal. A van with California plates and registered in 
the name of a used car auction house pulled up to the curb 

57 May 2002 FBI Suspect List, pp. 2,5. 

58 Hijacker Timeline, pp. 22-23; Die Zeit, October 1, 2004. 



21 



and, as Dagai ducked into the second terminal, Engel and 
Alroei got in, and it quickly left. The van returned in a 
few minutes . Dagai emerged from the terminal and climbed 
in. The van sped away again, only to return a third time 
to pick up Rabinovitz before finally leaving the airport. 59 

On April 4 , Engel , Dagai and Alroei were next 
questioned in St. Louis, where the headquarters of Amdocs , 
the Israeli communications software company, are located. 60 
They had visited Oklahoma City at the same time (between 
April 1 and April 4) Nawaf al Hazmi was there presumably to 
meet with Moussaoui. They told INS agents that they had 
traveled to Dallas from New York City and not, as the DEA 
and INS knew, on a flight from Frankfurt. 61 

On April 30, 2001, an Air Force alert was issued 
from Tinker Air Force Base, in Oklahoma City, concerning a 
"possible intelligence collection effort being conducted by 
Israeli Art Students." 62 On May 17, four Israelis were 
reported in the Midwest City area (between Oklahoma City 
and Norman) . They stated they were there to promote 
Israeli art. They were charged with visa violations, and 
were booked into the Oklahoma City jail at the instance of 
the INS. Bond was initially set at $25,000 each. All four 
requested voluntary departure from the United States. 63 



DEA Report, paragraphs 51-2, pp. 15-16. 

60 DEA Report, paragraph 43, p. 12. 

61 DEA Report, paragraph 52, p. 16. 

62 DEA Report, paragraph 175, p. 46. 

63 DEA Report, paragraph 176, pp. 46-7. 



22 



d. Dallas: A Probable Training Area for the Israeli 
PEA Groups 

An unusually large number of Israeli DEA Group 
members were located in Irving, Texas (near Dallas) , an 
area that does not appear to have been frequented by the 
future hijackers or by many FBI suspects (see Exhibit B) . 
Texas, however, and in particular Dallas and Irving, 
appears to have been an important staging area and training 
ground for the Israeli DEA Groups, given the presence there 
of (a) key liaisons between senior recruiting personnel in 
Israel and the Israeli DEA Groups in the United States, (b) 
DEA and INS surveillance of Israeli DEA Group arrivals at 
DFW Airport, (c) the considerable telecommunications 
sophistication and expertise of DEA Group associates in 
Dallas and (d) large numbers of Israeli DEA Group 
personnel, many of whom were expelled from the United 
States after a midnight raid conducted by the DEA and the 
INS . 

As we have seen, Tomer Ben Dor, stopped by the 
INS and the DEA at the DFW Airport in May 2001, worked for 
an Israeli wiretapping company and had with him a computer 
program referring to "DEA Groups . " He was traveling with 
Marina Glikman and Zeev Miller, both computer programmers 
for an Israeli software company. They were both vague and 
inconsistent about their travel plans. 64 Michal Gal, who 
had an address in Edgewater, New Jersey, the base of the 
Israeli New Jersey Group and not far from the headquarters 
of Mr. Ben Dor's company, had a relationship with Amdocs , 
another telecommunications company . 

64 DEA Report, paragraph 54-5, pp. 16-17. 



23 



Michael Calmanovic and Itay Simon, both of Dallas 
and Los Angeles , were the principal links between the 
Israeli operation in the United States and five Israeli DEA 
Group recruiters in Israel. 65 The DEA and INS conducted a 
midnight raid on the Israeli DEA Groups' apartment complex 
in Irving on the night of March 26-27, 2001, and expelled 
13 of their members from the United States on March 31 , 
2001. 66 Their transportation out of the country was 
arranged by the Israeli Embassy. 67 

Exhibit B lists the names of members of the 
Israeli DEA Groups and of the future hijackers and FBI 
suspects located in Hollywood, Florida (see again MAPS 1 
and 2) ; in Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey (MAP 3) ; 
in Oklahoma City/Norman, Oklahoma; in San Diego; in Los 
Angeles ; and in Dallas ; all during the period leading up to 
September 11. The map of the United States attached as MAP 
4 shows all of these locations, and illustrates as well the 
presence of both groups during the period in Wichita, 
Kansas; 68 Louisville and Lexington, Kentucky; 69 Atlanta, 



Statement of an expelled Israeli to Officer Michael L. Bush of the 
INS on March 31, 2001. DEA Report, paragraph 48, p. 14. 

66 DEA Report, paragraphs 39-44, pp. 12-13. 

67 DEA Report, paragraph 45, p. 13. 

68 DEA Report, paragraph 52, p. 16. May 2002 FBI Suspect List, pp. 9, 
20. 

69 DEA Report, paragraph 63, pp. 18-19; paragraph 71, p. 21. May 2002 
FBI Suspect List, pp. 7, 20 and 21. 



24 



Georgia; Tampa and Venice/Fort Myers, Florida, and 
Arlington/Fredericksburg, Virginia. 73 

6. Reports Concerning the Surveillance Activities of the 
Israeli PEA Groups 



As noted above, almost immediately after 
September 11, credible reports emerged of Israeli warnings, 
in August 2001, of an imminent large-scale terrorist attack 
on the United States . One television network reported in 
a four-part series in December 2001 that— 

"Investigators suspect that the Israeli [DEA 
Groups] may have gathered intelligence about the 
attacks in advance, and not shared it. A highly 
placed investigator said there are x tie-ins.' But 
when asked for details , he flatly refused to describe 
them, saying ^evidence linking these Israelis to 9-11 
is classified. I cannot tell you about evidence that 
has been gathered. It's classified information.'" 74 

The Forward, the highly respected American 
journal, at first discounted Fox's account, 75 but in an 
article three months later reported that— 



"[F]ar from pointing to Israeli spying against 
U.S. government and military facilities . . . the 
incidents in question [the activities of the Israeli 



DEA Report, paragraph 2, p. 3; paragraph 125, pp. 35-6; paragraph 
132, p. 37. Hijacker Timeline, pp. 3, 19, 20, 33. Commission Final 
Report, n. 72 to Chapter 7, p. 523, referring to the (unavailable) FBI 
Hijackers Timeline, dated December 5, 2003. 

71 DEA Report, p. 2; paragraphs 76-89, pp. 24-27. May 2002 FBI Suspect 
List, pp. 6,7. Committee Joint Report, p. 143. 

72 DEA Report, paragraphs 90-94, pp. 27-28. May 2002 FBI Suspect List, 
pp. 7, 8, 9, 11, 16, 18. 

73 DEA Report, paragraphs 138-42, pp. 38-40. May 2002 FBI Suspect List, 
pp. 1, 6, 11. 

74 Transcript of Telecast of Fox Television News, December 12, 2001. 

75 Israel Calls Fox's Spy Reports 'Baseless' , by Marc Perelman, the 
Forward, December 21, 2001. 



25 



DEA Groups] appear to represent a case of Israelis in 
the United States spying on a common enemy, radical 
Islamic networks suspect of links to Middle East 
terrorism. . . . [A] negations involved . . . 
Israelis claiming to be art students who had 
backgrounds in signal interception and ordnance." 76 

It is very difficult to believe, based on the 
existing evidence and the location of their common central 
operating bases , that these Groups , who were clearly spying 
on the DEA and the United States , and were keeping under 
surveillance Islamic groups in the U.S. with links to 
Middle East terrorism, were not tracking the future 
hijackers and their collaborators as well. 

7. Northeastern New Jersey— Another Vital 
Center of Operations for Both Sides 

a. Hudson and Bergen Counties: The Operating Base of the 
Israeli New Jersey Group 

While the Israeli DEA groups were active in 
Hollywood and elsewhere in the United States , another group 
of Israelis (the "Israeli New Jersey Group" and, 
collectively with the Israeli DEA Groups, the "Israeli 
Groups") was operating in Hudson and Bergen Counties in 
northeastern New Jersey. The Israeli New Jersey Group 
appears to have been unknown to federal and state law 
enforcement authorities until September 11, 2001. 

On that day, immediately after the first 
aircraft, the North Tower Plane, crashed into the World 
Trade Center, a resident of Bergen County, New Jersey, just 

76 Spy humors Fly on Gusts of Truth, Americans Probing Reports of 
Israeli Espionage, by Marc Perelman and Forward Staff, the Forward 
March 15, 2002. 



26 



across the Hudson River from lower Manhattan, became 
alarmed when she saw a group of men celebrating "on the 
roof of a white van in the parking lot of her apartment 
building." 77 She wrote down the license number of the van 
and called the police . The police were told that the men 
were "posing, dancing and laughing against the background" 78 
of the disaster, which could be plainly seen across the 
river. The men were "smiling and exchanging high-fives." 79 
An FBI alert was promptly issued: 

"Vehicle possibly related to New York terrorist 
attack. White, 2000 Chevrolet van 80 with New Jersey 
registration with 'Urban Moving Systems' sign on back 
seen ... at the time of first impact of jetliner 
into World Trade Center. Three individuals with van 
were seen celebrating after initial impact and 
subsequent explosion. FBI Newark Field Office 
requests that, if the van is located, hold for prints 
and detain individuals." 81 

The men were five Israeli citizens, Sivan 
Kurzberg (the driver of the van) , Paul Kurzberg, Yaron 
Shmuel, Oded Ellner and Omer Marmari . The van was finally 
stopped in East Rutherford, New Jersey at 3:56 P.M. The 
driver and passengers were arrested by Sergeant Rivelli and 



77 Transcript of ABC News telecast, June 21, 2002. 

78 Statement of Steven N. Gordon, Esq. , counsel for the five members of 
the group, as reported in Yediot America on November 2, 2001. 

79 Ibid. 

80 Vans of various makes were also, of course, the common means of 
transportation for the Israeli DEA Groups , and Chevrolet vans were used 
by Israeli DEA Groups in New York, Dallas, Chicago and San Diego. DEA 
Report, paragraph 113, p. 33, paragraph 26, p. 9; paragraph 21, p. 8; 
and paragraph 119, p. 35, respectively. 

81 As quoted in the Bergen (New Jersey) Record, September 12, 2001. The 
men may have been witnessed celebrating twice, in separate locations, 
once at the time of the impact of the North Tower Plane and a second 
time when both towers were burning. Compare the FBI statement with 
the ABC transcript, supra , n. 72, and the statements of the Israelis' 
counsel in Yediot America, November 2, 2001. 



27 



Officers DeCarlo and Yannacone of the East Rutherford 
Police Department. 

The local police were soon joined by other law 
enforcement authorities . Sivan Kurzberg was asked several 
times to come out of the van but, fumbling with a black 
leather pouch, refused to do so. Officer DeCarlo then 
forcibly removed him. The FBI agents who arrived on the 
scene or were otherwise involved included Kevin Donovan, 
Daniel O'Brien and Robert F. Taylor, Jr. The FBI 
ultimately took control of the individuals , the evidence in 
the van, and the investigation. 

Sources close to the investigation said they 
found in the van "maps of the city . . . with certain 
places highlighted," adding that "it looked like . . . they 
knew what was going to happen." 82 

Yaron Shmuel lied to the police as to where the 
men were at the time of the World Trade Center attacks , 
saying that they were on the West Side Highway in New York 

(not celebrating across the Hudson in New Jersey) . He gave 
his address as 1345 Drexel Avenue in Miami Beach, Florida 

(not far from Hollywood) . Mr. Ellner was carrying $4,700 
in a sock-like sack. Sivan Kurzberg told the police at the 
time of his arrest- - 

"We are Israeli. We are not your problem. Your 
problems are [now?] our problems. The Palestinians 
are the problem." 83 



Bergen (New Jersey) Record, September 12, 2001. 
83 The question in brackets is my own. The quotation, and the above 
related details of the arrest of the five members of the Israeli New 
Jersey Group, are all as set forth in greater detail in the Preliminary 



28 



All of the men were handcuffed, placed on the 
grass and given Miranda warnings. A sixth member of the 
Group, Dominik Suter of Fair Lawn, New Jersey, also an 
Israeli national and the owner of Urban Moving, was later 
questioned by the FBI at the company' s offices in 
Weehawken. The FBI searched Urban Moving 's premises for 
several hours , and removed boxes of documents and a dozen 
computer hard drives . 84 

b. The Leader of the Israeli New Jersey Group 
Flees to Israel and Becomes an FBI Suspect 

When the FBI attempted to interview Mr. Suter 
once more a few days later, he had fled the United States 
for Israel along with his family. 85 According to the New 
Jersey State Division of Consumer Affairs, Urban Moving' s 
premises were closed on September 14, 2001. On December 7, 
2001 a New Jersey judge allowed the state to seize its 
property. Early in 2002, the New York Department of 
Transportation revoked Urban Moving' s license to do 
business in that state. 86 

Dominik Suter is included on the May 2002 FBI 
Suspect List, along with Mohamed Atta and the other 
hijackers and suspects, under that name and two others he 
has apparently used, Omit Suter and Omit Levinson. 87 He is 
given two addresses in New Jersey, his apparent residence 

and Supplemental Police Reports of the arresting officers of the East 
Rutherford, New Jersey Police Department, dated September 11, 2001. 

84 NJ Locations Searched In Connection With Terror Attacks , Associated 
Press, September 14, 2001. 

85 Transcript of ABC News telecast, June 21, 2002; the Forward, March 
15, 2002, op. cit. , note 76. 

86 Ibid. 

87 May 2002 FBI Suspect List, pages 17 and 21. 



29 



in Fair Lawn and an address in Jersey City, very close to 
that of a number of other FBI suspects . 88 Though he had 
fled, Mr. Suter' s name did not appear on the October 2001 
FBI Suspect List. This may be because in early October 
2001 the FBI was unaware that Urban Moving was operating in 
the same area as the future hijackers of the Pentagon Plane 
and visiting hijackers from Florida including Mohamed Atta 
(see below) . 

c. Hudson and Bergen Counties: The Staging Ground for the 
Future Hijackers of the Pentagon Plane 

It soon became apparent, however, that Hudson and 
Bergen Counties were the second most important locus of the 
future hijackers' U.S. operation and was the staging ground 
for the hijacking of the Pentagon Plane. The May 2002 FBI 
Suspect List shows, unlike its October 2001 predecessor, 
that all five future hijackers of the Pentagon Plane, 
Khaled al Mihdhar, Nawaf al Hazmi, Salem al Hazmi, Majed 
Moqed 89 and Hani Han jour (the pilot) lived or had mailing 
addresses or were otherwise active in towns closely 
interspersed, within about a four-mile radius, with the 
towns of the Israeli New Jersey Group (Weehawken, Jersey 
City, Fair Lawn and Rutherford) . The future hijackers' 
towns included Paterson, 90 Fort Lee, 91 Totowa, 92 Hoboken 93 and 



88 See MAP 3. 

89 No address is given on the October 2001 FBI Suspect List for Majed 
Moqed and his name is omitted, presumably in error, from the May 2002 
FBI Suspect List. But Moqed appears to have been known by May 2002 to 
have lived in the hijackers' Paterson apartment. 

90 May 2002 FBI Suspect List, pp. 3, 4, 6, 7, 14. Hijacker Timeline, 
pp. 22, 27, 30, 41. 

91 May 2002 FBI Suspect List, pp. 3, 4, 5, 7, 14. Hijacker Timeline, 
pp. 22, 39. 

92 Hijacker Timeline, p. 41 

93 May 2002 FBI Suspect List, p. 9. 



30 



Elmwood Park. There were also FBI Suspects in Jersey 
City, 95 Harrison, 96 Seacaucus and Hackensack. 97 See MAP 3. 

Atta, al Omari, and Ahmed al Ghamdi, though based 
in Hollywood and (al Ghamdi) Delray Beach, Florida, were 
among the hijackers who had addresses in Paterson, Fort Lee 
and Elmwood Park as well as in South Wayne. Up to six or 
more of the hijackers appear to have lived on Union Avenue 
in Paterson at one time or another between March and August 
31, 2001. 98 

d. The FBI's Conclusion: The Israeli New Jersey Group 
were Mossad Intelligence Operatives Spying on Local 
Arabs in Hudson and Bergen Counties 

There have been a number of press reports in the 
United States on the Israeli New Jersey Group, most notably 
in the Forward. In the same article that reported on the 
Israeli DEA Groups, the Forward states that the nature of 
the FBI's review of the case changed after the names of two 
of the five Israelis appeared on a CIA-FBI database of 
foreign intelligence operatives . This has been confirmed 
by a former chief of operations for counter-terrorism with 



94 May 2002 FBI Suspect List, pp. 5, 7. 

95 May 2002 FBI Suspect List, pp. 10, 15, 16, 17, 19. Hijacker 
Timeline, p. 53. 

96 May 2002 FBI Suspect List, p. 10. 

97 May 2002 FBI Suspect List, p. 7. 

98 Hijacker Timeline, p. 22. Commission Final Report, p. 230. The May 
2002 FBI Suspect List provides a variety of Union Avenue addresses, 
including the address specified in the Hijacker Timeline. The 
Commission's Final Report (p. 230) does not place any Pentagon Plane 
hijackers in Paterson until May. Other sources place them there in 
March, when Han jour and Salem al Hazmi are said to have signed the 
lease for the Paterson apartment. Hijacker Timeline, p. 22; 
Connecticut Post (Bridgeport) , March 6, 2002 (preparatory hijacker 
meeting in March in Fairfield, Connecticut just before the move to 
Paterson) . 



31 



the CIA. At that point, the FBI launched a foreign 
counter-intelligence investigation. All five of the men 
underwent polygraph tests, one of them seven times. At the 
end of that investigation, the FBI concluded that the 
Israeli New Jersey Group had been conducting a surveillance 
mission for Mossad, and that Urban Moving served as a 
Mossad front. 100 They further concluded that the Israelis 
were "spying on local Arabs." 101 

8 . Inadequate Israeli Warnings in August 2001 

As noted above, almost immediately after 
September 11, reports emerged of Israeli warnings, in 
August, that major terrorist attacks were imminent. On 
September 16, 2001 the Daily Telegraph (London) reported 
that Israeli intelligence officials said that they-- 

"warned their counterparts in the United States 
last month that large-scale terrorist attacks on 
highly visible targets on the American mainland were 
imminent. . . . 



See transcript of ABC News telecast, June 21, 2002. 

100 Marc Perelman, op. cit. , March 15, 2002. The Forward's source was a 
former American intelligence official who said he was regularly briefed 
on the investigation by two law enforcement officials acting 
independently . 

101 The Forward' s source in the March article also said the five men were 
released (Suter had fled to Israel) because "they did not know anything 
about 9/11 . " But this statement needs to be weighed in the light of 
the men's demeanor and statements, and the statements of local law 
enforcement officials, on September 11, 2001, the inclusion of Mr. 
Suter on the May 2002 FBI Suspect List, and the revelations on that 
List that Hudson and Bergen Counties were a critical center of 
operations for the future hijackers and FBI suspects as noted above. 
The FBI was also under pressure from U.S. political figures to release 
the members of the Israeli New Jersey Group, including Richard Armitage 
of the State Department and two New York Congressmen. Senior U.S. 
Officials Join Effort To Free 5 Israelis Held in Brooklyn, Ha'aretz 
News, October 29, 2001. 



32 



. . . (T)wo senior experts with Mossad, the 
Israeli military intelligence service, were sent to 
Washington in August to alert the CIA and FBI to the 
existence of a cell of as many of 200 terrorists said 
to be preparing a big operation. 

They had no specific information about what was 
being planned but linked the plot to Osama bin Laden 
and told the Americans that there were strong grounds 
for suspecting Iraqi involvement." 102 

The Los Angeles Times reported on September 20, 
2001 that a "high-ranking U.S. law enforcement official" 
confirmed that-- 



"FBI and CIA officials were advised in August 
that as many as 200 terrorists were slipping into the 
United States and planning x a major assault on the 
United States . . . . ' 

The advisory was passed on by the Mossad. . . . 
It cautioned that it had picked up indications of a 
^large-scale target' in the United States and that 
Americans would be x very vulnerable' , the official 
said. 

It is not known whether US authorities thought 
the warning to be credible, or whether it contained 
enough details to allow counter-terrorism teams to 
come up with a response. But the official said the 
advisory linked the information x back to Afghanistan 
and [exiled Saudi militant] Osama bin Laden.'" 103 



Israeli security issues urgent warning to CIA of large-scale terror 
attacks , by David Wastell in Washington and Philip Jacobson in 
Jerusalem, Daily Telegraph, September 16, 2001. 

W3 Officials Told of 'Major Assault' Plans, By Richard A. Serrano and 
John-Thor Dahlburg, Los Angeles Times, September 20, 2001. The L.A. 
Times retracted its story the next day, reporting that the CIA (not the 
source of the story) later flatly denied the statements , and that the 
Times' s source, the "high-ranking law enforcement official," had based 
his account solely on what he read in the newspapers! The L.A. Times 
retraction referred to a "British newspaper account," presumably the 
Daily Telegraph article. The U.S. law enforcement official's account, 
however, as quoted above, said that Mossad had warned of a single 
"large-scale target" and had warned that the Americans would be "very 



33 



Fox News also reported on May 17, 2002 (and 
apparently also on September 14, 2001) 104 that- 



abased on its own intelligence, the Israeli government 
provided x general' information to the United States in 
the second week of August that an al Qaeda attack was 
imminent . " 

Neither the Commission in its Final Report or in 
its Staff Statements nor the Joint Committee Report 
specifically mentions any such warning from the Israeli 
government. These Statements and Reports do, however, 
defer to our intelligence community' s desire to safeguard 
and maintain the secrecy of its "sources and methods". 
These are likely to have included Israeli warnings and the 
Israelis' own sources. But in view of the dramatic 
questions raised by the Israeli Groups' activities in the 
United States in the months leading up to September 11, 
these sources and methods now need to be disclosed. 

As shown in the tabular comparison in Exhibit E, 
the accounts of Mossad' s warnings in August bear the 
unmistakable imprints of authenticity. Mossad' s warnings 
were reported by the Daily Telegraph and others right after 
September 11, well over two years before the Joint 
Committee' s report and the publication of the Presidential 
Daily Briefing (PDB) of August 6, 2001. Yet they bear a 

vulnerable." Neither statement was included in the Daily Telegraph 
article. The U.S. official's account also made no specific mention of 
an "imminent" attack, and none at all of any "strong grounds for 
suspecting Iraqi involvement," both reported by the Daily Telegraph. 

104 Fox did not specify its source, and I have not been able to locate 
its piece of the "14 th " to which Fox referred in a telecast of December 
12, 2001. 



34 



remarkable similarity to both the Joint Committee' s 
description of "all-source reporting" and the PDB' s account 
of "clandestine, foreign government and media reports and 
recent FBI information." The key differences, as shown in 
Exhibit E, are Mossad' s warning that (a) the attacks were 
imminent, (b) they were to take place on the U.S. mainland, 
and (c) 200 terrorists were in the United States to carry 
them out. Mossad also alone warned of "suspected Iraqi 
involvement," though this of course has never been 
established and is generally considered to be untrue. 

That we did receive warnings of this general 
nature from Mossad seems more than likely. But the real 
issue, again, is, given the extensive surveillance by the 
Israeli Groups of U.S. Arab groups and, in all likelihood, 
of the future hijackers in their central bases of operation 
and elsewhere in the United States, were not the Israeli 
Groups , or some of their members , aware of what was going 
to happen in advance? Is this not dramatically shown by 
the behavior of the Israeli New Jersey Group the morning of 
September 11? And if so, did the Israeli government decide 
not to provide us with enough information to stop them? 

As noted in the next section, the Israelis may 
have given us warning in late August 2001 of the presence 
in the United States of Khaled al Mihdhar and Nawaf al 
Hazmi, resulting in the CIA's having them placed on the 
State Department's Tipoff Watchlist . 105 Or this may have 
been part of the Israeli warnings earlier in August. In 

105 As the Commission has noted, this would not in any event have 
prevented Mihdhar and Hazmi from flying, but would have precluded them 
from obtaining visas, which they already had (they were both here) . 
Staff Statement No. 2, p. 8. 



35 



either case, the CIA's and the Commission's explanation of 
how these two future hijackers came to be Watchlisted, 
which makes no mention of Israeli warnings, is highly 
confusing and, as we shall see, in the end difficult to 
believe. Even so, the Israeli warning as to the two men 
would have come too late, for we now know that they were 
then or soon hiding in an obscure motel in Maryland, from 
which they did not emerge until September ll. 106 

One television documentary cited above (which did 
not have access to or study in any detail the documents, 
lists, reports and other information set forth herein, or 
even any knowledge of the existence of the Israeli New 
Jersey Group) , has put the relevant question bluntly, in 
the form of a question, an answer and a rhetorical question 

"What about this question of advanced knowledge 
of what was going to happen on September 11? How 
clear are investigators that some Israeli agents may 
have known something?" 

"It's very explosive information, obviously, and 
there's a great deal of evidence that they say they 
have collected none of it necessarily conclusive. 
It's more when they put it all together. A bigger 
question, they say, is how could they not have known ?" 
[Emphasis supplied.] 107 ~ 

9. The Watchlisting of Khaled al Mihdhar and Nawaf 
al Hazmi in August 2001 

There was yet another press report of Mossad 
warnings in August 2001, which appeared in Die Zeit in 
October 2002. The report stated that the names of Mihdhar 



106 Hijacker Timeline, pp. 38-9. 

107 Transcript of dialogue between Brit Hume and Carl Cameron, Fox 
Television News, December 12, 2002. 



36 



and Hazmi were given to the CIA by Moss ad on August 23, 
resulting in their Watchlisting on August 24. 108 Although 
the report is based upon unspecified "documents obtained by 
Die Zeit", it is interesting given the contemporaneous 
(just after September 11) and credible reports of August 
Mossad warnings cited above. Collectively the reported 
warnings appear to offer the most likely reason for the 
Watchlisting of these two future hijackers in August 2001. 

The Commission and its Staff, however, make no 
mention of any Israeli warnings, and take the position, 
undoubtedly adopting the CIA's public stance, that it was 
solely a series of reviews beginning in May 2001 that led 
to the Watchlisting. But as we shall see, this account is 
both difficult to follow and hard to believe. In any event 
it shows that no real action was taken to Watchlist Mihdhar 
or Hazmi until late August, after the Israeli warnings 
appear to have been received. 

The issue is important because any downplaying of 
Israeli warnings , whether done in order to conceal their or 
our "sources and methods" or for other reasons, draws 
attention away from the major question of the adequacy of 
the Mossad warnings and the surveillance role the Israeli 
Groups played in the United States in the months leading up 
to September 11. I shall try to restate the Commission's 
and its Staff s (and the CIA' s official) explanation of the 
Watchlisting here. 



Deadly Mistakes by Oliver Schromm, Die Zeit, October 1, 2002. 



37 



a. "John", "Mary", "Jane" and ''Alice" 

In the spring of 2001 there were reported threats 
of terrorist attacks on U.S. interests abroad as noted more 
particularly in the first column of Exhibit E. According 
to the Commission's Staff, in May of that year, a CIA 
officer called only "John" (to protect his identity) in 
Staff Statement No. 10 and in the Commission's Final Report 
"wondered where the attacks might occur." 109 John's 
spontaneous interest was said to have been prompted by his 
recollection that Mihdhar and Hazmi had been present at a 
Kuala Lumpur meeting in January 2000. It was suspected the 
attack on the U.S. vessel Cole in October 2000 had been 
planned at that meeting. 

So in the month of May 2001, the story continues, 
John and a woman at the CIA (whom we shall call "Alice" 
here) , reviewed the CIA' s cable traffic concerning the 
Kuala Lumpur meeting. Alice reportedly discovered that the 
CIA had learned, in March 2000 (though they had never 
shared this information with the FBI) , that Mihdhar had a 
U.S. visa and that Hazmi had come to Los Angeles shortly 
after the Kuala Lumpur meeting. John did nothing at all, 
however . 

Two months later, at a time when the focus was 
still on threats to U.S. interests outside the United 
States) 110 in late July or some time in August, John asked 



109 Commission Staff Statement No. 10, p. 7; Commission Final Report, p. 
267. 

110 Commission Staff Statement No. 10, at p. 4: "On July 2 [,2001] the 
FBI Counter terror ism Division sent a message to federal agencies and 
state and local law enforcement agencies that . . . stated, y the FBI 



38 



"Mary", an FBI agent detailed to the CIA, to review the 
cable traffic one more time. It is unclear what inspired 
John to resume that work. He is said to have recalled or 
discovered that Khallad, a dangerous al Qaeda operative, 
had been identified as one of those who attended the Kuala 
Lumpur meeting. But John was not particularly concerned, 
and told Mary to do the work in her spare time . 111 



On August 21, 2001, Mary is said to have 
discovered a bit more than Alice supposedly had in May: 
Hazmi had come to Los Angeles, as was known, but Mihdhar 
had used his visa to come as well, along with Hazmi, in 
January 2000. Working with Jane, an FBI agent assigned to 
the CIA, Mary also discovered that Mihdhar had left the 
United States later in 2000, but had just returned, on July 
4, 2001. Because of Mary's discoveries, Mihdhar and Hazmi 
were placed on the Watchlist. 

b. The Uncertain, Untranslated, Unwitnessed, Unremembered 
and Erroneous Identification of Khallad 



As the Commission' s Staff has said of this route 
to the Watchlist, "the details are complex." 112 They are 



has no information indicating a credible threat of terrorist attack in 
the United States . ' " 

111 The Commission' s Staff and its Final Report say only that John 
spontaneously asked Mary to pick up Alice's work in late July. But it 
was not until late August, at about the time of the reported Mossad 
warnings , that Mary supposedly discovered on her own that Mihdhar was 
in the United States. Staff Statement No. 10, p. 8; Commission Final 
Report, p. 270. The Joint Committee Report (p. 151) states that John's 
interest was rekindled in July by his discovery of a cable indicating 
that Khallad had been present at the Kuala Lumpur meeting, but neither 
the Commission's Staff nor its Final Report mentions such a cable. The 
discovery of the cable apparently prompted John to call Khallad a 
"major league killer" though the Commission (p. 268) suggests that this 
remark exhibited John's concerns in May. Whatever John wrote, he 
wasn't worried in July, as shown by what he is said to have told Mary. 

112 Staff Statement No. 10, p. 5. 



39 



also serendipitous to the point of undermining their 
credibility. 



In the first place, John is said to have recalled 
or discovered that Khallad had been identified from a 
photograph in January 2001, by a joint FBI/CIA source, as 
an attendee of the Kuala Lumpur meeting in January 2000. 
The FBI agent said to have been present at the January 2001 
meeting, however, was unaware, apparently because of 
language problems , that any such identification had ever 
been made. 113 Moreover, "the CIA officer [himself — who 
supposedly conducted the interview] does not recall this 
particular identification [at all] and thus cannot say why 
it was not shared with his FBI colleague." 114 As we have 
seen, Alice, who was said to have "reviewed the cables" in 



Commission Staff Statement No. 10, p. 6: "This is an example of 
how day-to-day gaps in information sharing can emerge even in a 
situation of goodwill on all sides. The information was from a joint 
FBI/CIA source. The source spoke essentially no English. The FBI person 
on the scene overseas [i.e., the agent who is said to have attended the 
meeting] did not speak the languages the source spoke . Due to travel 
and security issues , the amount of time spent with the source was 
necessarily kept short. As a result, the CIA officer usually did not 
simultaneously translate either the questions or the answers for his 
accompanying FBI colleague, and friend." 

114 Commission Staff Statement No. 10, p. 7; Commission Final Report, p. 
267. The Commission itself in its Final Report, almost hilariously 

(because it does not explain why the CIA agent had no recollection of 
this event) , has added to the speculative litany of reasons why the FBI 
agent did not recall any identification of Khallad. "The FBI agent 
also may have been absent from the room when the identification was 
made. The source had brought a sheaf of documents with him that the 
FBI agent left the room to copy while the interview of the witness 
continued. Because of the circumstances of the interview site, the 
agent would have been absent for a significant period of time. In 
addition, the case officer was frequently given photographs from a 
broad range of CIA stations to show to this particular witness . He did 
not focus on the purpose of showing the photographs ; he was only 
concerned with whether the source recognized the individuals." 
Commission Final Report, p. 537, n. 62. The CIA officer who also has 
no recollection of any identification of Khallad, is, of course, said 

(a) to have spoken the source's language, (b) not to have left the 
room, and (c) to have known why he was seeking the identification 



40 



May, "took no action regarding these cables." Neither did 
John. Indeed, the Commission's Staff noted that Alice 
"cannot [even] recall this work." 115 The Commission deleted 
the words regarding Alice' s loss of memory from its Final 
Report without explanation. 116 

This untranslated, unwitnessed and forgotten 
identification that so inspired John to return later in the 
summer to the work forgotten by Alice seems to have been 
just as elusive. The joint source had been said in 
(someone's) report to be less than certain (or "ninety 
percent certain") 117 that the man in the photograph shown 
him was Khallad. And indeed, although both the 
Commission' s Final Report and its Staff Statements fail to 
tell us so, the purported identification itself later 
proved to be false. The man was not Khallad. 118 So Khallad 
had not been identified, and until after September 11 his 
everyday appearance remained as much a mystery as the 
purported meeting with the joint source that supposedly so 
inspired John on his way to the Watchlist before the Mossad 
warnings in August. 



Ibid. Perhaps to bolster the hapless Alice, the Commission's Final 
Report gives a name to another agent, "Dave", who was mentioned but 
unnamed in Staff Statement No. 10. Dave seems to have done little more 
than try to find out whether another Cole suspect, Fahd al Quso, 
attended the Kuala Lumpur meeting. 

116 Compare Staff Statement No. 10, p. 7, third full paragraph, lines 1 
and 2, with Commission Final Report, p. 267, last line. 

117 Commission Staff Statement No. 10, p. 6; Commission Final Report, p. 
266. 

118 Joint Committee Report, p. 154: "In the days following the September 
11 attacks [t]he Bureau . . . learned that the January 2001 photo 
identification of Khallad by the joint FBI/CIA asset had been mistaken. 
The person thought to be Khallad was actually Nawaf al Hazmi . " Khallad 
is now said to have finally been identified, but only after September 

11 , from another photograph taken at the meeting . 



41 



As noted above, when Alice's "work" was 
effectively taken up late in August, the U.S. presence (or 
likely presence) of Mihdhar and Hazmi was again discovered 
and, on August 24, 2001, both men were placed on the 
Watchlist. As noted above, they were then safely secluded 
and never found. 

d. William (of Ockham) 

John, Mary, Jane and Alice may all have been hard 
at work in Washington, and made a contribution, 119 but 
Occam' s razor 120 leads us a far straighter course to the 
Watchlist by way of the Mossad warnings in August, the 
likely result of the surveillance activities of the Israeli 
Groups and their (inadequate) warnings. Both Mihdhar and 
Hazmi, hijackers of the Pentagon Plane and leaders of the 
entire hijacker group, would easily have fallen under the 
surveillance of the Israeli New Jersey Group in Hudson and 
Bergen Counties, and of the Israeli DEA Groups in San Diego 
and (in the case of Hazmi) in the Hollywood area and 
possibly in Oklahoma. And it was only after the Mossad 
warnings were received that the CIA, finally, on August 27, 
2001, told the FBI that Mihdhar and Hazmi were in the 
United States. 121 



For example, both Khallad (under an alias— though he was presumably 
already Watchlisted) and another attendee at Kuala Lumpur were also 
Watchlisted on August 24. Commission Final Report, Chapter 8, note 76, 
p. 538. 

120 "p2 ura 2i£ as non eS £ ponenda sine neccesitate" or "Don't posit a 
plurality of reasons unless it' s necessary" are the words of the 
medieval English philosopher William of Ockham (or Occam) (ca. 1285- 
1349). Occam's razor, or his principle of parsimony, or unnecessary 
plurality, may be said to hold that, when confronted with several 
implausible explanations and a more probable and simpler one, one 
should choose the latter. 

121 Hijacker Timeline, p. 40. 



42 



10 . Why the Israeli Groups? 



It is not necessary at this early stage of 
inquiry into these events to speculate on the original 
rationale for the U.S. activities of the two Israeli 
Groups. A study of that question will best be undertaken 
in the course of the public inquiry. But a few thoughts 
may lend some perspective to the question. 

It may be that originally the Israeli DEA Groups 
did little more than sell art (though illegally and in 
violation of their visas) . Once the need or usefulness of 
keeping Arab groups under surveillance in the United States 
became apparent to the Israeli government, it may have 
viewed these art salesmen and their vans as ideal groups 
and vehicles into which to insert sophisticated agents with 
telecommunications , wiretapping or electronic eavesdropping 
equipment and intelligence expertise. 

The vans in the operations of both Israeli 
Groups 122 were able to move about neighborhoods without 
raising undue concern. The "art students" in the Israeli 
DEA Groups were using their vans as sometime door-to-door 
salesmen. The personnel of Urban Moving Systems, the 
Mossad front, were ostensibly driving about northeastern 
New Jersey towns in their van (or vans) to help people 
move— a familiar suburban sight. 



122 Only one van, that stopped on September 11, has been identified as 
used by the Israeli New Jersey Group. We do not yet know (a) whether 
Urban Moving Systems had a number of vans , (b) how many of its 
employees worked in vans beyond the five arrested on September 11 , or 
(c) whether any of its employees fled to Israel along with Dominik 
Suter . 



43 



With ample room for personnel and electronic 
equipment, the vans were ideal vehicles for electronic 
eavesdropping. 123 The extent to which Nice Systems, the 
Israeli wiretapping company for which Tomer Ben Dor worked 
(the Israeli with the reference to "DEA Groups" in his 
computer files) will be a matter for the public inquiry. 
Nice Systems was ideally suited to provide equipment and 
expertise to the Israeli New Jersey Group because its U.S. 
headquarters were located in Rutherford, New Jersey, near 
the center of the Group's operations (MAP 3). 

The future hijackers were frequent users of land 
lines and cell telephones and thus were ideal subjects for 
electronic surveillance . Mihdhar regularly telephoned a 
terrorist facility in the Middle East from the United 
States. 124 Both Mihdhar and Hazmi were "constantly on their 
cell phones." 125 Mohamed Atta made calls to Madrid from 
Coral Springs 126 and used his cell phone to call lodging 
establishments in Florida. 127 Ramzi Binalshibh, a plot 
leader based in Hamburg, frequently called Atta, 128 Shehhi 129 
and Moussaoui 130 from Hamburg. Jarrah made hundreds of 
phone calls from Florida 131 and Hanjour, Hazmi and other 
hijackers made 75 calls in two days 132 to locate apartments, 



123 As we have seen, both Israeli Groups used Chevrolet vans. The 
Israeli DEA Groups' vans (to the extent identified) also included a GMC 
Safari van, a GMC full-size custom van, a Ford van, a Dodge mini-van, 
and unspecified panel vans. See generally the DEA Report. 
Joint Committee Report, p. 17. 
Hijacker Timeline, p. 10. 
Hijacker Timeline, p. 28. 
Commission Final Report, p. 228. 
Commission Final Report, p. 245 

129 Commission Final Report, p. 244. 

130 Ibid. 

131 Commission Final Report, p. 225. 

132 Joint Committee Report, p. 187. 



125 
126 
127 
128 



44 



flight schools and car rental agencies for the New Jersey 
hijackers (of the Pentagon Plane) . 

As to the Israeli DEA Groups' surveillance of the 
DEA, it is difficult if not impossible to learn from the 
public record, at this time, the precise nature of the 
information they were seeking from that agency. The DEA 
itself was not sure then, and it may not know to this day. 
The DEA had its own concerns about the Israeli DEA Groups 
relating to previous drug investigations, as noted above. 
Perhaps these concerns were well-founded. Perhaps the 
Israelis were using these units in part as a training 
ground (on our soil) for future agents, or were interested 
in learning the DEA' s methods for tracking drug traffickers 
and their money, a potential source of funding for 
terrorist groups. 

But in all likelihood the selling of art and 
(though far riskier) the DEA spying were covers for their 
more important work of keeping Arab groups under 
surveillance in the United States . This activity appears 
ultimately to have led the Israelis to the future 
hijackers, and forced upon them unwelcome decisions as to 
how much, and when, they should tell the United States of 
what they had learned. 

11 . The CIA' s Role and Responsibilities 

Finally, it is possible that the CIA was aware 
that the two Israeli Groups were tracking suspected Arab 
groups on our soil, but remained unaware until after 
September 11 that they had come across the future 



45 



hijackers. There is presently little evidence of the CIA's 
possible knowledge of the Israeli Groups' activities, 
beyond the sheer scope and magnitude of the Israeli DEA 
Groups' operations in the U.S., the CIA's general 
unwillingness to share information with the FBI, as 
outlined in the Commission's Final Report, and, perhaps, 
the brazenness of the Israeli New Jersey Group on September 
11. The CIA's clumsy reconstruction of the miraculous work 
of "John", "Mary", "Jane" and "Alice", which appears 
designed to point away from the Israeli warnings, also 
raises legitimate questions. 

The CIA was prohibited by law from engaging in 
field intelligence operations inside the United States . 
They may have been reluctant to cooperate with the FBI 
because of the burdensome constraints of constitutional 
protections benefiting potential defendants . They may also 
have regarded the Israelis as unusually effective because 
of their familiarity with Arab culture and their common 
understanding of the Arabic language. 133 

A leading Israeli newspaper, Yedioth Ahronoth, 
reported in the fall of 2002 that prior to the September 11 
attacks, when members of the Israeli DEA Groups were being 
detained or arrested across the United States, the CIA 



See the Joint Committee Report, p. xvii: "At home, the 
counter terror ism effort suffered from the lack of an effective domestic 
intelligence capability. The FBI was unable to identify and monitor 
effectively the extent of activity by al Qaeda and other international 
terrorist groups operating in the United States .... These problems 
greatly exacerbated the nation' s vulnerability to an increasingly 
dangerous and immediate international terrorist threat inside the 
United States." 



46 



"actively promoted their expulsion." The implication in 
that article was that the CIA was simply being careless, 
not trying to spirit the Israelis safely out of the 
country. But at this point we cannot be certain. The CIA 
may have been eager to protect the surveillance activities 
of the Israeli Groups a whole in an operation that, 
ultimately, failed to protect us. Any delegation on the 
part of the CIA of its responsibilities abroad to foreign 
agents in the U.S. would, of course, have been unlawful. 
It would also have rendered our country particularly 
vulnerable because, as suggested above, the interests of 
the Israeli government and its agents are not necessarily 
consonant with our own. 

The CIA also failed to press for the continuing 
detention of the members of the Israeli New Jersey Group 
after their arrest on September 11. After three months the 
men were released and returned to Israel, even though their 
names had appeared in our own counter-intelligence data 
base, at least two of them were suspected Mossad agents, 
and their leader had fled to Israel on or about September 
14— only to be placed on the May 2002 FBI Suspect List a few 
months later . 

The CIA is mentioned but once in the DEA 
Report, in connection with the Israeli DEA Groups' effort 
to penetrate the DEA' s Southwest Laboratory near San Diego, 



1 Mark Lefet in Yedioth Ahronoth, October 2, 2002, commenting on the 
October 1, 2002 Die Zeit article referred to in note 108. Die Zeit had 
said nothing of any CIA support for the expulsion of detained members 
of the Israeli DEA Groups . 



47 



where Mihdhar and Hazmi were living. What role the CIA 
then played does not appear. It is clear that the DEA 
Report was itself inspired by the DEA' s own bewilderment by 
the very existence of the Israeli DEA Groups, by the scope 
of their operations throughout much of our country, by 
their overwhelming numbers, and by their expertise. 

The Forward article cited above states that the 
operations of the Israeli Groups heightened tensions 
between Washington and Israel— 

"not because of the operations' [Arab] targets 
but because Israel reportedly violated a secret 
gentlemen' s agreement between the two countries 
under which espionage on each other' s soil is 
to be coordinated in advance." 136 

The real question today, however, appears to be whether the 
"gentlemen' s agreement" did indeed prevail here and, 
because we lacked adequate warning from our surrogates who 
were keeping the Arabs under surveillance, helped bring us 
to disaster. 

The tragedy of the DEA Report becomes evident 
only after sifting through all the twists and turns of its 
raw data, often dull, sometimes disquieting, and reading 
for one last time the struggle of its authors to find a 
rational explanation in the introductory paragraphs . Today 



DEA Report, paragraph 119, pages 34-35: "The San Diego Division is 
currently working with the FBI, Department of State, and CIA personnel 
on advancing this investigation. Five names were retrieved from DEA 
and FBI sources and [run] through INS. There were hits on three 
Israeli individuals who entered the U.S. on non-immigrant tourist 
visas . " 

136 The Forward, op. cit. , March 15, 2002. 



48 



in retrospect, the DEA Report, written in June 2001, seems 
in effect a cry for help. 

The public inquiry into these events must 
include an examination into whether the CIA may have been 
aware of, or promoted or condoned, the surveillance by the 
Israeli Groups of suspect Arab groups in the U.S. 

12 . Detailed Summary 

Set forth below is a detailed summary of the 
tentative conclusions reached in this memorandum, which 
amply illustrate the urgent need for a public inquiry into 
the activities of the Israeli DEA Groups and the Israeli 
New Jersey Group. The inquiry must include, without 
limitation, the examination of members of the Israel Groups 
and related persons; officials of the Israeli government 
and certain of its agencies, including Mossad; FBI 
suspects, agents of the DEA, the INS and the FBI; certain 
local law enforcement officials; agents of the CIA (in 
camera to the extent required) ; other intelligence sources 
cited by the public press to the extent possible; the boxes 
of documents and computer hard drives (referred on page 29) 
seized by the FBI from the Israeli New Jersey Group; and of 
all other relevant documents , reports , communiques and 
information . 

1 . The Israeli DEA Groups were spying on the Drug 
Enforcement Agency and thus upon the United 
States . The DEA itself has concluded that they 
were probably engaged in organized intelligence 
gathering on our soil . 



49 



A highly regarded American journal knowledgeable 
about Israeli affairs, has concluded (a) based on 
its own sources, that the Israeli DEA Groups were 
spying on radical Islamic networks suspected of 
links to Middle East terrorism, and (b) based on 
the representations of a former American 
intelligence official regularly briefed on these 
matters by law enforcement officials, that (i) at 
least two members of the Israeli New Jersey Group 
were Mossad operatives, (ii) Urban Moving, the 
company used by the Israeli New Jersey Group, was 
a front for Mossad and its operatives, and ( iii ) 
the Israeli New Jersey Group was spying on local 
Arabs . 

The intelligence sources of a substantial 
American television network report that the 
Israeli DEA Groups may have gathered information 
about the September 11 attacks in advance, and 
not shared it with the United States . One 
investigator said that evidence linking the 
Israeli DEA Groups to such intelligence gathering 
was classified and could not be disclosed. 

The Israeli DEA Groups were comprised of 125 or 
more Israelis operating on our soil. Their 
leaders and apparent associates included military 
commanders and experts with military backgrounds 
in intelligence, electronic intercepts and 
telecommunications . 

The wiretapping and intelligence expertise of 
members of both Israeli Groups, and the use of 
vans in local neighborhoods where the future 
hijackers were planning the attacks, and the 
extensive use by the hijackers of cell phones and 
land lines, made the Israeli Groups ideally 
suited to gather information regarding the 
hijackers' plans. 

The principal operation of the Israeli DEA Groups 
was located in and around Hollywood, Florida, the 
central training and staging ground for the 
hijacking of North and South Tower Planes and the 
Pennsylvania Plane. The addresses and places of 
residence of the members of the Israeli DEA 



50 



Groups in Hollywood itself were within hundreds 
of yards those of the future hijackers. 

7 . The operations of both the Israeli New Jersey 
Group and the hijackers of the Pentagon Plane 
were centered in Hudson and Bergen Counties in 
New Jersey, within a common radius of about 
six miles . 

8. All five celebrating members of the Israeli New 
Jersey Group arrested on September 11 were aware, 
when the North Tower Plane struck the World Trade 
Center, based on their immediate reaction to the 
attack and the information said to be contained 
in their van, that the attack had been planned 
and carried out by Arab terrorists. 

9. After being questioned by the FBI on September 
11, the leader of the Israeli New Jersey Group 
immediately fled the United States to Israel. 
His name and aliases appear, along with those of 
the hijackers and other FBI suspects, on the May 
2002 FBI Suspect list. 

10. Israeli intelligence officials have reported that 
two senior officials of Mossad warned the United 
States in August 2001 that as many as 200 
terrorists on American soil were planning an 
imminent large-scale attack on high visibility 
targets on the American mainland. One press 
report states that in August Mossad provided the 
CIA with the names of future hijackers Khaled al 
Mihdhar and Nawaf al Hazmi . 

11. The CIA's explanation of how Mihdhar' s and 
Hazmi' s names were placed on the Watchlist 
through the spontaneous efforts of CIA and FBI 
agents is not only difficult to follow but, as 
the sole reason for the Watchlisting, hardly 
credible . 

12. Mossad' s own information appears to have come 
from its sources inside the United States . All 
of the facts and circumstances set forth in this 
memorandum appear to show that Mossad' s two 
likely sources of information were: (a) the 
Israeli DEA Groups , comparable in number to that 



51 



of the Arab suspects and who appear to have 
tracked the future hijackers in their central 
places of operation and in other states, and (b) 
the Israeli New Jersey Group, operating through 
their Mossad front in another principal locus of 
operations of the future hijackers, two of whom 
were Mossad agents, and five of whom appeared 
immediately aware of the origin of the attacks on 
September 11. 

13 . While little direct evidence supports the 

contention that the CIA was aware of or condoned 
the Israeli Groups' tracking of Arab terrorist 
groups in the United States prior to September 
11, the CIA's pressing for the expulsion of 
members of the Israeli DEA Groups when they were 
detained before September 11, their failure to 
cooperate with the FBI , their circuitous 
explanation of how the above two hijackers were 
placed on the Watchlist, and other relevant 
considerations require that the issue be taken up 
as a part of the public inquiry into these 
painful events . 



Gerald Shea 



52 



EXHIBIT A 



Suspicious Activities Involving Israeli Art Students at DEA Facilities 
Drug Enforcement Administration Office of Security 
June, 2001 
Background: 

In January, 2001, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Office of Security 
Programs (IS), began to receive reports of Israeli art students attempting to penetrate 
several DEA Field Offices in the continental United States. Additionally, there have been 
reports of Israeli art students visiting the homes of numerous DEA employees. These 
incidents have occurred since at least the beginning of 2000, and have continued to the 
present. The number of reported incidents increased in November/December 2000, and 
has continued to date. These incidents have involved several other law enforcement and 
Department of Defense agencies, with contacts made at other agencies' facilities and the 
residences of their employees. Geographically, these incidents are very widespread, 
ranging from California to Florida. The majority of the incidents have occurred in the 
southern half of the continental U.S. with the most activity reported in the state of 
Florida. Since April 2001, the number of reported incidents has declined, however, the 
geographic spread of the incidents has increased to Wisconsin, Oklahoma, and Los 
Angeles. 

The activities of these Israeli art students raised the suspicion of IS and other field offices 
when attempts were made to circumvent the access control systems at DEA offices, and 
when these individuals began to solicit their paintings at the homes of DEA employees. 
The nature of the individuals' conduct, combined with intelligence information and 
historical information regarding past incidents involving Israeli Organized Crime, leads 
IS to believe the incidents may well be an organized intelligence gathering activity. It is 
believed by IS that these incidents should not be the basis for any immediate concern for 
the safety and security of DEA personnel, however, employees should continue to 
exercise due caution in safeguarding information relating to DEA investigations, or 
activities. 

DEA Orlando has developed the first drug nexus to this group. Telephone numbers 
obtained from an Israel Art Student encountered at the Orlando D.O. have been linked to 
several ongoing DEA MDMA (Ecstasy) investigations in Florida, California, Texas, and 
New York. The Orlando D.O. has opened an investigation that is being coordinated with 
DEA HQs. 

In general, these individuals appear to be organized in teams of 8 to 10 people, with one 
person described as the "Team Leader". They are usually encountered in pairs or 
individually carrying a makeshift art portfolio. Several times, they have, been seen or 



admitted to being dropped off in an area by the Team Leader, who returns later to pick 
them up. The females are usually described as very attractive, and all are generally in 
their early to mid-20s. Most admit to having served in the Israeli Military. This is not 
surprising given the mandatory military service require in Israel, however, a majority of 
those questioned has stated they served in military intelligence, electronic signal 
intercept, or explosive ordinance units. Some have been linked to high-ranking officials 
in the Israeli military. One was the son of a two-star general, one served as the bodyguard 
to the head of the Israeli Army, one served in a Patriot missile unit. That these people are 
now traveling in the U.S. selling art seems not to fit their background. 

Their stories are remarkable only in their consistency. At first, they will state that they are 
art students, either from the University of Jerusalem, or the Bezalel Academy of Arts in 
Jerusalem. Other times they will purport to be promoting a new art studio in the area. 
When pressed for details as to the location of the art studio or why they are selling the 
paintings, they become evasive. Some claim to be the artist who painted the artwork, 
others claim they promoting the work of others or of Israel. Information has been 
received which indicates the art is actually produced in China. When told that they cannot 
solicit on federal facilities, they will claim that the paintings are not for sale, but that they 
are soliciting interest in the paintings, either for an art studio or for a future art sale. 

An incident report by DEA Tampa has revealed much information relating to these 
individuals. DEA Agents at the Tampa District Office questioned the Team Leader of a 
group of 9 individuals at length, The Team Leader stated he purchases the paintings for 
$8 to $10 dollars from an individual in the Hollywood/Ft. Lauderdale, Florida area. The 
paintings are then sold for $50 to $80 dollars. (Other offices have reported the paintings 
selling for $150-$200 dollars.) The individuals come to the U. S. on tourist visas, and 
finance their stay here by selling the paintings. The Hollywood, Florida area seems to be 
a central point for these individuals with several having addresses in this area. 

There have been incidents where criminal and/or suspicious activity has been associated 
with these individuals. Two were arrested by FPS in Plantation, FL with counterfeit 
Social Security Cards. Baton Rouge, LA discovered a small amount (personal use 
amount) of marijuana in the residence of one group, and some of the individuals 
interviewed by DEA/Tampa admitted to smoking marijuana. Criminal records checks 
have revealed some arrest history on persons associated with these groups. Passport 
irregularities have been reported. A review of their passports shows travel to several other 
countries, to include Thailand, Laos, India, Kenya, Central and South America, Australia, 
Germany, Amsterdam, and Canada. One individual presented a Canadian citizenship card 
along with his Israeli passport. A report from EPA/Denver involved a female art student 
going to the house of an EPA Special Agent to sell art, and returning later to photograph 
the house. There is a report of one of these individuals being seen diagramming the 
layout of a federal facility. This information has not been directly reported to DEA, and 
has not been confirmed by first-hand observation. 

When encountered at residences, some of these individuals are persistent in trying to get 
inside the home. Some have asked to use the telephone when leaving. Some employees 



2 



have reported that they came only to their house, while others have reported that the 
students approached the entire neighborhood. 

IS requested that all DEA Field Divisions canvas their employees to determine if these 
activities have occurred in their area. Additionally, information has been received from 
several other federal law enforcement acencies. The following is a summary, by DEA 
Division Offices, of the events that have taken place: 

Atlanta Division 

1 . Sometime in July or August 2000, a woman claiming to be a student from a foreign 
country attempted to enter the Chattanooga, Tennessee Resident Office. The woman was 
attempting to sell homemade pins that she hand painted and put together herself. An 
Office Assistant advised the woman that she was on Federal Property and solicitation was 
prohibited. The Office Assistant claimed the woman was from the Middle East, but 
cannot recall the exact location. 

2. In mid to late December 2000, a male and female subject described as being in their 
mid-twenties arrived at the residence of a Special Agent. The male subject spoke fluent 
English, however the female subject had a heavy accent. Both subjects claimed to be 
Israeli art students. The Special Agent examined some of the artwork, but became 
suspicious when the students would not provide him with a contact telephone number in 
case he should decide to buy something. Subsequently, the Special Agent saw some of 
the exact same artwork for sale at kiosk in the Mall of Georgia. The Special Agent 
questioned the salesperson about the origin of the artwork, but the salesperson was 
uncooperative. 

3. During the first week of January 2001, an individual identifying himself as an Israeli 
art student attempted to bring artwork into the Columbus, Georgia Resident Office. The 
individual was not permitted to enter the office. 

4. The following was received by the Montgomery, Alabama District Office: 

On 3/27/2001, approximately 1:45 p.m., Montgomery District Office Group Supervisor 
John W. Wall was exiting the elevator on the first floor of our building enroute to a 
meeting. Our building is a small two-story office building that also contains the offices of 
the U.S. Bureau of Prisons, U.S. Geological Survey, Dyncorp and a small investment 
company (Newman Investments). As G/S Wall got out of the elevator, a white female 
was getting on. G/S Wall noticed she was carrying a large blue artist portfolio. GIS Wall 
[not redacted] engaged her in conversation and asked if she was in our building on 
government business to which the female stated that she was an art student from Austria 
and was promoting her work. G/S Wall asked if she was actually from Israel and the 
female later identified as Vanina Erika DARDIC, DOB 3/5/78, stated again that she was 
from Austria. DARDIC got on the elevator for the second floor and G/S Wall went to his 
OGV and notified me with instructions to re-interview the female. 

5. Several minutes passed and DARDIC never came to our office. (Investigation later 



3 



revealed that DARDIC did not visit any of the offices in our buildling. Moments later an 
administrative assistant observed DARDIC walking through the parking lot in the 
direction of other buildings. 

6. At that point, agents set out on foot to find DARDIC. The agents observed another 
white female later identified as Ester SAGES, DOB 9/30/77, walking through the office 
complex, also carrying a large blue portfolio. SAGES was followed on foot a short 
distance to a van that was parked on a side road where the agents made contact with a 
white male, identified as Marcelo VALANSI, DOB 1 1/24/77. VALANSI took SAGES' 
portfolio and placed it into the van, a 1984 GMC full-size custom van bearing Florida tag 
Tl 1YZX, registered to Marcelo VALANSI at 901 SE 1st Ave., #2, Gainesville, Florida. 

7. The agents approached SAGES and VALANSI, identified themselves and separated 
the two for interviews. VALANSI stated that he was an art student at the University of 
Florida and stated that they were traveling around to '"promote" the work of new artists. 
Information revealed that VALANSI was registered at Santa Fe Community College in 
1999 and not the University of Florida. VALANSI produced an ID card from Argentina, 
DNI 26,316,660, card #190961, and stated that he was on spring break from the 
University of Florida where he has been a student for three years. VALANSI stated his 
passport was in his hotel room at the Governor's House Hotel, #180. VALANSI stated 
that he and approximately five other students had been in Montgomery about two days 
and planned to stay several more. 

8. Ester SAGES produced an Israeli passport, #6470399, and stated that she had been in 
the U.S. approximately 3 weeks (Visa type R, class B1/B2). SAGES claimed to be an 
artist but does not attend school anywhere. SAGES admitted to having served in the 
Israeli Army for two years (mandatory service). SAGES identified her father as Elyahu 
SAGES (deceased) and her mother as Marjalit SAGES. SAGES gave the same story as 
being in Montgomery to "promote" the artists work. 

9. While talking to VALANSI and SAGES, Vanina DARDIC walked up and was 
interviewed. DARDIC, provided an ID card from Argentina (DNI 26,473,227, card 
#J8557), but stated that she had dual citizenship (Argentina and Israel). DARDIC stated 
that she was born in Argentina to an Argentine father, Mario DARDIC, and an Israeli 
mother, Judith COHEN (maiden name). She moved to Israel when she was 12 years of 
age and served in the Israeli Army, DARDIC reported that she is the girlfriend of 
Marcelo VALANSI. DARDIC spoke English, Hebrew and Spanish. SAGES spoke 
English and, Hebrew. VALANSI spoke English and Spanish. 

10. VALANSI was asked if the artwork was for sale, to which he stated "not really" that 
they were "promoting" their work and that it is important to artists that people like their 
work. VALANSI was asked if, hypothetically, someone liked his work and wanted to 
commission him to paint something, how would someone get in contact with him? 
VALANSI was very hesitant to provide a means of contact. When pressed, VALANSI 
provided Gainesville telephone #352-378-1435 as a contact nurniber. He was asked how 
their group could afford to travel around "promoting" artwork if they derive no income 



4 



from it. He stated that his parents, Roberto and Graziela VALANSI finance his travels. 
The parent's address in Buenos Aires is reportedly Salguero 2468 Apartment 15. 

1 1 . Ester SAGES stated that one of their stops inMontgomery was going to be the Jewish 
Federation Office which is located adjacent to where their van was parked (2820 Fairlane 
Dr., Montgomery, telephone #334-277-5820). All of the subjects were photographed, 
however SAGES initially did not want her picture taken. 

12. EPIC was contacted for information on their entries into the U.S. EPIC queries 
indicated the following: 

VALANSI, Marcelo (Argentina passport #26316660) 

1) . Admission date: 2/01/2001 
Admission Class: Fl (Student) 
Port of Entry: Miami, FL 
Arrival from: Tel Aviv Israel 

Visa Issued: Buenos Aires (8/20/98) 

Carrier: Al Israel Airlines (fit 201) 

Intended address: 901 S.E. 1st Ave., Gainesville, FL 

2) . Admission date: 10/18/00 
Admission to: 1/17/01 

Admission Class: CP (Public Interest Parole) 
Port of Entry: Miami, FL 
Arrival from: unk (most likely Columbia) 
Carrier: Avianca (fit 8) 

Intended address: 901 S.E. 1st Ave., Gainesville, FL 
Departure date: 12/28/00 from Miami 

3) . Admission date: 1 1/12/99 

Admission Class: WT/VW (Visitor w/o Visa) 

Port of Entry: Miami, FL 

Arrival from: Santiago, Chile 

Carrier: La Lan Chile (fit 500) 

Intended address: 901 S.E. 1st Ave., Gainesville, FL 

Departure date: unk 

4) . Admission date: 04/15/99 
Port of Entry: Miami, FL 

Arrival from: San Jose (Juan Santamari) 
Carrier: LACS A (fit 620) 
Departure elate: unk 

5) . Admission date: 01/1 1/99 
Admission Class: Fl (Student) 
Port of Entry: Marmi, FL 
Arrival from: unk 

Carrier: La Lan Chile (fit 500) 

Intended address: 901 S.E. 1st Ave., Gainesville, FL 



5 



Departure date: unk 

6) . Admission date: 9/23/98 
Admitted to: 12/31/98 
Admission Class: Fl (Student) 
Port of Entry: Miami, FL 
Arrival from: unk 

Carrier: A L Argentina (fit 1324) 

Intended address: 617 E. University Ave., Gainesville, FL 
Departure date: 12/19/98 

7) . Admission date: 05/04/98 
Admitted to: 1 1/03/98 
Admission Class: B2 (Visitor) 
Port of Entry: Miami, FL 
Arrival from: Unk 

Visa issued: Buenos Aires 5/1 1/90 

Carrier: E U Empresa Ecuatoriana (fit 800) 

Intended address: 617 E. University Ave., Gainesville, FL 

Departure date: 08/10/98 

8) . Admission date: 1/02/97 
Admitted to: 7/01/98 
Admission Class: B2 (Visitor) 
Port of Entry: Miami, FL 
Arrival from: unk 

Visa issued: Buenos Aires 5/1 1/90 
Carrier: La Lan Chile (fit 502) 

Intended address: 143 6 Washington Ave., Miami, FL 
Departure date: 03/13/98 

13. SAGES, Ester (Israel passport 96470399) 

1) . Admission date: 3/03/01 
Admission Class: B2 (Visitor) 
Port of Entry: Newark International 
Arrival from: Tel Aviv Israel 
Carrier: Continental Airlines (fit 91) 

2) . Admission date: 12/23/99 
Admitted to: 6/22/00 
Admission Class: B2 (Visitor) 
Port of Entry: Newark, N.J. 
Arrival from: Tel Aviv Israel 
Carrier: El Al Israel 

Intended address: Attornet 161, New York City, New York 
Departure date: 01/09/00 

3) . Admission date: 08/24/95 



6 



Admitted to: 2/23/96 
Admission Class: B2 (Vishor) 
Port of Entry: New York 
Arrival from: Tel Aviv Israel 
Visa issued: Buenos Aires 5/1 1/90 
Carrier: El Al Israel 

Intended address: Hotel Carlton, New York City, New York 
Departure date: 9/20/95 

14. DARDIC, Vanina Erika (Argentina passport #1058181 1) 

1.) Admission date: 2/01/01 

Port of Entry: Miami, FL 

Arrival from: London (Gatwick Int'l) 

Visa issued: Buenos Aires 5/1 1/90 

Carrier: Virgin Atlantic Airlines (fit 5) 

2) . Admission date: 10/18/00 
Admission Class: CP (Public Interest Parole) 
Port of Entry: Miami, FL 

Arrival from.: Bogota, Columbia 
Visa issued: Buenos Aires 5/1 1/90 
Carrier: Avianca (fit 8) 

Intended address: 901 S.E. 1st. Ave., Gainesville, FL 
Departure date: 12/25/00 

3) . Admission date: 12/23/99 
Port of Entry: New York 
Carrier: Tower Air (fit 31) 
(no further info) 

15. Regarding the groups story as art students, specifically VALANSI stating that he is a 
student at the University of Florida out on springbreak, RAC Dick McEnany, Gainesville 
R.O. inquired as to VALANSI's status as a student. RAC McEnany advised that 
VALANSI was last registered in the spring of 1999. RAC McEnany also stated that 
spring break was already over for this year. 

16. It is noted that in addition to the three subjects contacted, another group of three 
alleged art students were documented workin another office complex on Perry Hill Road 
(Interstate Park) in Montgomery on the same day (3/27/2001). This group is known to 
have solicited several offices in that complex which are Department of Defense 
contractors (Maxwell Air Force Base is in Montgomery). Montgomery FBI agents made 
contact with that group at their hotel (La Quinta Inn) and identified them. 

17. The local FBI office was contacted and provided with this information for follow-up 
as necessary. The FBI POC RAC Sharon Ormsby. 



7 



Boston Division 

18. There have been no reports of suspicious activities by Israeli art students occurring, at 
DEA facilities or at the residences of any DEA Employee under the Boston Division. 
Caribbean Division 
No response, 

Chicago Division 

20. On or around June 26, 2000, a male and female claiming they were Israeli art 
students, visited the home of a Diversion Investigator, The male was described as 
Caucasian, 5'8", 160 lbs., dark brown hair, clean-shaven, brown eyes, and early 20's. The 
female was described as 5'6", 160 lbs., long curly dark brown hair with blonde highlights, 
early 20's. The students left the residence without incident. 

21. On or around June 30, 2000, a second set of Israeli art students arrived at the home of 
the same Diversion Investigator. These students were confrontational when asked to 
leave and the police were called (16th District Chicago Police Dept.). The male was 
described as 5'6", 150 lbs., slim build, dark skin, no facial hair, very dark hair, early 20's. 
The female was described as 5'8", slim build, brown shoulder length hair, and early 20's. 
They did approach other homes in the Diversion Investigator's neighborhood. The Israeli 
students were seen entering a Chevy Astro van, steel gray in color, with darkened 
windows. 

Dallas Division 

22. On January 4, 2001, SPI Contract Guard William Armstrong purchased a painting for 
$200.00 from an Israeli art student.. The transaction took place outside of the Dallas 
Divisional Office. Mr. Armstrong wrote a check payable to a Gal BLAIN. 

23. Sometime in January 2001, a male claiming to be an Israeli art student selling 
paintings visited the home of a DEA Intelligence Analyst and OPR Senior Inspector. The 
male was described as Caucasian, in his mid twenties. The DEA employees did not 
purchase any artwork. 

24. On February 5, 2001, Security Guard Armstrong observed an individual matching the 
descriptions of the Israeli art student enter an office building directly East of the Dallas 
Divisional Office. Mr. Armstrong notified the Federal Protective Service Officers. The 
FPS Officers responded to the location, located the individual, and conducted an 
interview. The Israeli art student claimed he was selling paintings. NADDIS EPIC, INS 
Soundex, and state system checks were conducted for the above individual, with negative 
results. 

25. As of March 26, 2001, local law enforcement continued to encounter Israeli 
Nationals, either alone or in groups, selling artwork in the Dallas area. The Israelis 
appeared to be organized and structured, with the lower level consisting of the artwork 



8 



sellers while the next level consists of the drivers. The hierarchy above the drivers 
remains undefined. Many of the art sellers claim to be studerts of a Jerusalem art school, 
and several appear to have had prior Israeli military experience. A standard method of 
operation is for a driver to drop off three or four salespersons in an area, returning several 
hours later for pickup. Bank checks found in the possession of several of the students 
suggest that the artwork sells for between $50.00 and $150.00. 

26. Several local law enforcement agencies have provided information to the DEA Dallas 
office pertaining to recent encounters. On January 2, 2001, an 6fficer of the Euless Police 
Department sighted a 1995 Chevy Van, white, California plate 3HXN005, parked with 
back doors opened behind a small office complex that was closed due to the 
Christmas/New Year holidays. The officer's initial inspection showed five persons 
present and that the rear of the van was filled with 40 to 50 framed artwork. Neither the 
frames nor the artwork appeared to be high quality, per the officer. The officer noted that 
the van and subjects were stopped in a non-residential area that consisted of a golf course, 
a chemical company and a storage facility for a defense contractor. When questioned, the 
subjects indicated they were selling paintings in the area, but were evasive in answering 
questions thereafter. For example, several subjects stated they were staying in Irving, 
Texas, but were not sure exactly where. The subjects were warned on the scene for 
selling paintings without a permit, and released. Although all five subjects possessed 
passports, only name and DOB information was recorded for each. All subjects were 
negative in law enforcement indices. The five subjects were identified as: 

Gilad LIFSHITZ, W/M, DOB 09/17/1973 (Note: Lifshitz was the vehicle driver) 
Betzalel YANAY, W/M, DOB 09/04/1978 
Morin Miryam BITON, W/F, DOB 07/14/1980 
Daria SASSON, W/F, DOB 08/10/1980 
Keren TOUYZ, W/F, DOB 08/20/1978 

27. At the time of the encounter Gilad LIFSHITZ, the driver of the van, was in 
possession of a Florida driver's license, number L123-280-78-337-0, that showed a DOB 
of 09/17/1978, and an address of 191 15 Collins Ave # 102, Sunny Isles Beach, Fl 33160. 
Sunny Isles Beach is in the Miami area. Perhaps coincidentally, per DEA's Office of 
Security Programs, two Israelis previously encountered in Miami were in possession of 
counterfeit US Social Security Cards. The cards were reportedly obtained in Miami from 
an unidentified person who was selling the cards near a Florida driver's license office. 

28. As previously reported, LIFSHITZ was driving a 1995 Chevy Van with California 
plate 3HXN005. A California registration check showed that this van, VIN 
1GAHG39K5SF1 12662, was apparently sold to B I Auto Inc, 31861, 854 Ackerman Dr, 
Danville, California, circa August 30, 2000. A check of vin 1GAHG39K5SF1 12662 
showed that it is associated with a 1995 Chev/Spt owned by Gilad LIFSHITZ of 7535 N. 
Beltline Rd, Apt 316, Irving, Texas 75062. (Note: this may be the Irving address referred 
to by the Israeli art students). (ISP Note: Michael VIC, identified by I&NS Dallas and 
arrested on Marcy 28, 2001, rented at least 5 apartments in the Irving, TX area, and used 
a mail drop located at 3575 N. Beltline Road, Irving, TX.) Current vehicle tag is 



9 



TX/86YYF, title date is 02/10/2001, expiration date is 01/2002. The previous owner is 
listed as Noam TZOR. What, if any, relationship there may be between TZOR and B I 
Auto lac is unknown. 

29. In a separate but related matter, on March 16, 2001, the same officer from the Euless 
PD encountered Sharon ROTEM, aka Sharone, an Israeli art student, at a Kentucky Fried 
Chicken on Euless Blvd in Euless, Texas. ROTEM was described as a white male, DOB 
031277, passport number 7948317, street address: 6023 Moshe Dayan, Holon, Israel. 
ROTEM claimed association with a Jerusalem art school and had approximately 20 
paintings in his possession. The officer noted that ROTEM was an Israeli citizen who 
was selling "artwork" without a permit, and issued a warning. During the interview, 
ROTEM stated he was with two others and they were going to be picked up at 17:00 that 
afternoon. The pickup location was unspecified. ROTEM informed the officer that he 
(ROTEM) was out of the Israeli military and was doing "Good Deed" work. ROTEM 
also stated that he was staying in Irving, but didn't know where or the name of the hotel, 
and that he was going to drive to Austin Texas, later that day. ROTEM was negative in 
law enforcement indices. In ROTEM's possession were several airline tickets, as follows: 
-9th of March: Continental Flight 91 from Tel Aviv to Newark, NJ. 

-10th of March: Continental Flight 1 133 from Newark, NJ to Dallas, TX. This ticket 
shows a return to Newark on May 14th via Continent al Flight 1138. 
-Continental Flight 90 to Tel Aviv. 

30. Sandwiched between the two Euless incidents was an incident in Richardson, Texas. 
Per a Richardson Police Department report, on March 15, 2001, officers were dispatched 
in reference to two females soliciting artwork. Once located, the subjects were identified 
via their Israeli passports as Maya MAIM ON and Nofar BADIHI. Both subjects were 
arrested for soliciting without a city permit. Prior to being interviewed by police officers, 
an unidentified male called the jail to inquire about the two female subjects. The U/I male 
was told he could come to the station to get further information. Two subjects arrived and 
were identified as Gadi REGEV and Eyal ARTZI (Texas DL number 19554509). A 
conversation regarding bond and visitation issues ensued, after which the males left. 
During a search of the two female suspects' property, several checks were found. Most 
were filled in with the amount and signature, but the payee blank was void. Also during 
the search of MAIMON's purse a prescription of clonazepam prescribed to Marco 
FERNANDEZ was found. It was determined that FERNANDEZ was MAIMON's 
boyfriend. Fourteen checks, the prescription, and $130 dollars cash were placed in 
property as evidence. The paintings that the suspects were selling were also impounded. 

3 1 . Maya MAIMON was in possession of documentation showing her passport number 
as 5467894, US B1/B2 visa, DOB 26Decl978, Nationality Israel, Issue Date: 18Oct2000, 
Expiration Date: 15Oct2010. 

32. Nofar BADIHI was in possession of documentation showing her passport number as 
5640993, DOB 21/03/1979 (sic), Place of Birth: Israel, date of issue: 05/12/1993; date of 
expiry (sic): 04/12/1995; US Visa B1/B2, issue date: 05Jull996, Expiry Date: 
02Jul2006. 



10 



33. Among the various documents were airline tickets reflecting the travel of Maya 
MAIMON and Marco MARABOTTO from DFW airport to Albuquerque, NM, via Delta 
flight 2238, on March 24, 2001. Each ticket also reflected Delta flight 1944 from Las 
Vegas to DFW on April 1, 2001. 

34. Additional documents showed Marco FERNANDEZ'S to be the same as Marco 
Antonio FERNANDEZ De Castro Marabotto, DOB 13Aprl977, passport number 
99390039611, Issuing State: Mexico; place of birth: Mexico, date of issue 16Jull999, 
expiration date: 16Jul2000. 

36. Gadi REGEV was described as DOB: 17Decl975, Nationality: Israel, passport 
number 5454338, visa type: B1/B2, issuing post: Tel Aviv, issue date: 05Novl998, 
expiration date: 04Nov2008. 

37. Eyal ARTZI's driver's license shows DL # 19554509, DOB 05-27-1977, address: 
10334 Sandra Lynn Dr., Dallas, TX 75228, and an expiration date of. 06-27-07. A 
commercial database shows that ARTZI is the owner of a 1993 Plymouth Acclaim, Texas 
plate: J75FYB, date registered 08/21/2000, expiration date: 07/31/2001. 

38. Another incident involved an Israeli art student who attempted to sell paintings at the 
residence of S/A Michael Durr in Flower Mound, Texas, on March 25, 2001 at 
approximately 17:30. S/A Durr was slightly delayed and when he opened the door the art 
student had already departed and was approaching another house. S/A Durr called the 
Flower Mound police department, which responded. The art student was identified as 
David SUSI, W/M, DOB 01/09/1975, who was staying at an unspecified location in 
Irving, Texas. The student was not detained. 

Role Name Desc DOB PP/DL# Visa Sgtd Nad 

Driver Gilad Lifshitz W/M 09/17/1978 FLDL#L123-280-78-337-0 Euless Neg 

Seller Betzalel Yanay W/M 09/04/1978 Euless Neg 

Seller Morin Miryara 

Biton W/F 07/14/1980 Euless Neg 

Seller Dana Sasson W/F 08/10/1980 Euless Neg 

Role Name Desc DOB PP/DL Visa Sgtd Nad 

Seller Keren Touyz W/F 08/20/1978 Euless Neg 

Seller Sharon Rotcrn W/M 08/12/1977 PP#7948317 Euless Neg 

Seller Maya Maimon W/F 12/26/1978 PP#5467894 B1/B2 Richardson Neg 

Seller Nofar Badihi W/F 2 1/03/1 979(sic) PP#5640993 B1/B2 Richardson Neg 

Unk Gadi Regev U/M 12/17/1975 PP#5454338 B1/B2 Richardson Neg 

Unk Eyal Artzi U/M 05/27/1977 TXDL#19554509 Richardson Neg 

Unk Marco Fernandez U/M 04/13/1977 PP#9939003961 1 Richardson Neg 

Note: Maya's Boyfriend 

Seller David Susi W/M 01/09/1975 Flower 

Mound Neg 



11 



Dallas I&NS Investigative Reports 

(The following is information received by ISP from I&NS Special Agent George Putnam, 
Dallas, TX. This information is gleaned from I&NS reports, and is consolidated for this 
paper.) 

39. On March 22, 2001, I&NS Dallas received a request from FPS Dallas S/A's Ellison 
and Stokes to assist in an investigation regarding Israeli art students. On March 26, 2001, 
agents went to the Oak Hills Apartment Complex in Irving, Texas to conduct interviews 
of Israeli nationals staying at those apartments. At approximately 1 1:30 pm, agents 
arrested Dahan ELD AD, an Israeli male, and Elsa Beatriz AFRICANO-Leon, a Colombia 
female at apartment 4228. ELD AD and AFRICANO were proceeding toward apartment 
#173, where four Israeli nationals were in custody. ELD AD and AFRICANO were 
found to be nonimmigrant aliens in violation of their status, and placed under arrest by 
S/A Martini and Olivarez. A search of their apartment revealed a small amount of 
marijuana and a "bong" Additionally, checks in the amount of $150.00 (2)and $560.00, 
with the notation "For Paintings" were found in his possession. 

40. At approximately 1:26 am on 3/27/01, S/As arrested Eran LIVNI, an Israeli male, 
Aran OFEK, an Israeli male, and Michal GAL, DOB 8/10/79, POB: Afula Israel, I&NS 
#A75-894-941, an Israel female in apartment 216. OFEK and GAL were recognized by 
FPS S/A Stokes as having been interviewed by FPS subsequent to attempting to sell 
paintings at the DEA Dallas F.D. on Regal Row. LIVNI admitted to the S/A's he had 
engaged in attempting to sell art. Also present in apartment 216 were Noam GAVRIEL 
an Israeli national, and Netta Kritzman, a U.S. citizen. Personal belongings were 
retrieved from apartment #259 for OFEK and GAL. Three other Israeli nationals were 
encountered in apartment 9259, however, they were not found to be in violation of I&NS 
status and not arrested (nor identified in the report). 

41 . Aran OFEK stated that his father was a retired two-star general in the Israeli Army. 
(NFI). (ISP note: Israel recently launched its 5th spy satellite, identified as the OFEK 5. It 
is unknown if the name of the satellite and these persons is related.) 

42. Michal GAL was subsequently held on a $10,000 cash bond. The bond was placed by 
Ophir BAER, DOB: 1 1-1 1-56, an Israeli male on a nonimmigrant H1B1 class visa. 
BAER was petitioned to work in the U.S. by AMDOCS, Inc. on Sept. 7, 1999, which was 
valid from Dec 10, 1999 to Sept 30, 2002. The visa was issued in Tel Aviv. BAER listed 
his address as 7845 La Cabeza Drive, Dallas, TX 75248 with telephone numbers (home) 
972-392-0473 and (work) 214-576-5741, SSN: 627-70-0979. BAER also is identified 
with an address of 1 125 East Campbell Road, Richardson, TX. BAERs SSN is also 
identified with a John BAER and Annie BAER at the 7845 La Cabeza address. BAER 
stated he was a relative of GAL. On the bond papers, it was reflected that GAL would be 
staying at 22 Palisade Terrace, Edgewater, NJ 07020 Tel: 201-224-0797 / 210-310-3521. 
A cashier check #0001594012 from Bank of America in the amount of $ 10,000 was 



12 



posted. 



43. AMDOCS is an Israeli communications software company, based in the U.S. at 1390 
Timberlake Manor Parkway, Chesterfield (St. Louis), MO 63017-6041, telephone 
number 314-821-3242. AMDOCS is traded on the NYSE under DOX. On April 17, 
2001, AMDOCS released a statement that he had signed a five-year outsourcing 
agreement with BellSouth. AMDOCS also lists an address of #1 Bell Plaza, St. Louis, 
Mo, which is the address for Bell South. AMDOCS also has a seven-year outsourcing 
agreement with Nextel Communications, a provider of digital wireless 
telecommunications services. Under this agreement, AMDOCS will provide Nextel with 
a comprehensive billing and customer care information software and support services. 
The president of AMDOC in Texas is identified as Boaz DOT AN, address: 23 Abba 
Hillel, St. Ranat Gan, Israel. Treasurer is listed as Beverly A. "WHITMAN, SSN: 400-88- 
4097. Secretary is listed as Gregory CHRISTOFFEL, SSN: 389-52-8560 at 91 Bell Plaza, 
St. Louis, MO. 

44. Also arrested during this operation was Eran MOSHE (identified with I&NS #A75- 
894-459), who stated he was a former Israeli special operations soldier. 

45. It is noted that following the arrests of the Israeli nationals on March 26/27th, the 
Israeli embassy was notified that citizens of its country had been arrested by I&NS. The 
Israeli embassy arranged for air transportation out of the county on March 31, 2001. 

46. On March 27, 2001, at approximately 2:30 pm, three Israeli nationals arriving from 
Frankfurt, Germany, were admitted as non-immigrant visitors through the Dallas / Ft. 
Worth Airport (DFW). They were identified as Julia VAINSHTEIN, an Israeli female, 
DPOB: 11-12-78/Russia, Dilka BORENSTEIN, DPOB: 03-15-79/Israel, and Ofir 
NAVON, DPOB: 09-02-79/Israel. BORENSTEIN stated to have been recently 
discharged as an Israeli Military Intelligence officer. NAVON claimed to be a former 
Israeli Army demolition/explosive ordnance disposal specialist. The three stated they 
intended to tour the Dallas area for a few days, and then go to Houston, New York, and 
Los Angeles. They claimed not to know anyone in the Dallas area. Surveillance was 
maintained on the three after they left the inspection area. They were seen being picked 
up by an individual subsequently identified as Michael VIC, who was driving a black 
Jeep bearing, Texas tags L44-CVD. This tag comes back to CALMANOVIC at 3575 N. 
Beltline Road, Apt 316, Irving, Texas. Subsequent investigation revealed this address to 
be a mailbox. 

47. In December of 2000, an Israeli art student by the name of Cohen MEYTAL was 
observed by a DEA employee sitting on the western street curb of the Dallas Divisional 
Office selling artwork. The student claimed that a group of Israeli art students (about 20) 
would paint works of art and them at local places of business. The employee purchased a 
painting and was offered to have it framed by an acquaintance of the Israeli group. The 
check was made out to Cohen MEYTAL and mailed to the following address: 



13 



Cohen Meytal 
c/o Calmanovic 
3575 N. Beltline Road 
P.O. Box 316 
Irving, Texas 75062 

This address is identified with Michael CALMANOVIC. See report under 
LABORATORIES, paragraph #161.) 

48. On March 31, 2001, I&NS Deportation Officer Michael L. Bush was assigned escort 
duties for the 13 Israelis arrested on March 26/27, 2001 in Irving, Texas. At that time, 
one of the Israelis (not identified in the report) stated that five individuals in Israel were 
responsible for recruiting Israeli nationals to come to the U.S. for the purpose of selling 
art door-to-door. The detainee identified "ITAY' who lives in California, (subsequently 
identified as Itay SIMON), as the direct link between the five persons in Israel, and the 
U.S. operation. The detainee stated that the Texas contact for the organization is 
"Michael", who lives in the Dallas area and drives a black Jeep. The detainee stated that 
Michael (CALMANOVIC), is subordinate in the art-vending scheme to Itay (SIMON). 

49. Based on investigative leads developed by I&NS S/A R. Marra and R. Martini, the 
Rochelle Plaza Apartments, located at 312 Rochelle Road, and the Hidden Ridge 
Apartments, located at 1 103 Hidden Ridge, both in Irving, Texas, were identified as 
possible residences used by CALMANOVIC. On April 14, 2001, I&NS and FPS S/As 
interviewed Ms. Mary Stanton, Property Manager for the Rochelle Apartments. Ms. 
Stanton stated that CALMANOVIC had rented five (5) apartments in the complex, and 
that these apartments were occupied by 25 Israelis. Ms. Stanton stated that all of the 
Israelis left suddenly and vacated the apartments on the week of March 26/27th, (the time 
of the arrests of the 13 other Israelis). Ms. Stanton stated she believed CALMANOVIC 
was still in the Dallas area, as he had recently called regarding his security deposits. 
Copies of the lease agreements and copies of Israeli passports were provided by Ms. 
Stanton. 

50. Following this, the agents went to the Hidden Ridge Apartments, and at 
approximately 1 :00 pm encountered CALMANOVIC and Itay SIMON in apartment 
#3018. Thev were in the process of vacating that apartment at the time. CALMANOVIC 
was identified as an Israeli citizen, DPOB: 09-06-75/Israel. SIMON was identified as an 
Israeli citizen, DPOB: 02-27-78/Israel. I&NS S/A Martini positively identified 
CALMANOVIC as the driver of the black Jeep Cherokee that picked-up VAINSHTEIN, 
BORENSTEIN, and NAVON at DFW on March 27th. (See paragraph #46 above). 
CALMANOVIC stated he was a recently dicharged electronic intercept operator for the 
Israeli military, and SIMON stated he was recently discharged from the Israeli Army, 
where he did "classified work for Israeli national security". SIMON refused to answer 
further questions regarding his military service. Both CALMANOVIC and SIMON were 
both arrested by I&NS and held on $50,000 bond. This bond was subsequently posted. 
Telephone number 214-882-5196 was identified as a possible contact number for 
CALMANOVIC in Dallas. This number is owned by NEXTEL Communications. 
Through an administrative subpoena, the subscriber was identified as Michael 



14 



CALMANOVIC, 11012 Ventura Blvd, Studio City, CA 91604, business phone number 
469-446-7777, SSN 613-23-1430, CA DL # 0077480. The service was established on 
March 29, 2001. NOTE: 1 1012 Ventura Blvd, Studio City, CA is associated in MSQ with 
telephone number 818-980-6955, subscribed to SOTERE, Christopher C. in case file 
number Rl-96-0160. MSQ also lists 11012 Ventura Blvd apartment #68, Studio City, CA 
with JACOBS, Peter, N ADDIS #3539920, from case file R3-93-0098. 
Prior to the service start date of March 29, 2001 for Michael CALMANOVIC, the phone 
number 214-882-5196 was used by N Lai MUMITH and Talal MUMITH (NADDIS 
Negative) DBA American Limo and Transportation (NADDIS Negative), 415 E. Airport 
Freeway, Suite 280, Irving, TX 75062, business phone number 972-256-0546 (all 
NADDIS Negative). Telephone number 214-882-5196 was changed to 214-882-8534 on 
February 13, 2001 and effective March 29, 2001 the phone was assigned to 
CALMANOVIC. 

In addition to telephone number 214-882-5196, there are six (6) additional phone 
numbers assigned to the account (all NADDIS Negative) with the assigned users name. 
The following list is all the phone numbers on account number 3231266 subscribed to 
Michael CALMANOVIC with a users name: 

Phone Number User 

214-882-5196 Gilad 
214-837-3574 Roy 

469-446-1248 Mosh (likely Eran MOSHE, para 944) 
214-837-5996 Gil 
214-876-1235 Gilad 
214-837-7449 Michael 
217-837-2056 Asaf 

A nationwide search of available commercial databases for Michael CALMANOVIC, 
identified one Michael CALMANOVIC at 319 S. 177th Place 4201, Seattle, Washington 
98148, home phone number 206-244-7705 (all NADDIS Negative). A search against the 
social security number was negative. CREF indicates that one Michael CALMANOVIC 
is associated with 310 S. 177th Place, Apt3 04, Seattle, WA (206) 242-3484, and 317 S. 
177th Place, Apt 104, Seattle, WA (206)-277-8303. All NADDIS Negative. 

5 1 . On March 28, 2001 at approximately 2:00 pm, three-Israeli nationals arrived at DFW 
again from Frankfurt, Germany. They were identified as Yoni ENGEL, male, DPOB: 09- 
14-79/Israel, Yotam DAGA1, DPOB: 04-06-78/Israel, and Or ALROEI, DPOB 08-08- 
78/Israel. ENGEL identified himself as a former company commander in the Israeli 79, 
and Eli RABINOVITZ, DOB 03/27/1979, U.S. Passport E3701329518. RABINOVITZ 
was described as a white, male, approximately 5'6" in height, 175 pounds, with brown 
hair in long dreadlocks and a small patch of hair beneath his bottom lip. RABINOVITZ 
was seen waiting outside of the I&NS area, and seemed to be impatient. He was observed 
speaking to a white female who was waiting by the curb. She was not identified, but is 
described as being approximately 35-40 yoa, 5'6", 150 pounds, with short reddish-brown 



15 



hair. She was dressed in European style clothes, and appeared to SA Putnam to be 
possibly German. Once an I&NS Inspector escorted one of the above Israelis out of the 
I&NS area, RABINOVITZ starting speaking to the Israeli in Hebrew. Once ENGEL, 
DAGAI and ALROEI had collected their bags, they walked outside and spoke with 
RABINOVITZ, and then split into groups. During this time, ENGEL was seen to be the 
leader of the group, giving orders to the DAGAI and ALROEI. The unidentified white 
female stayed with RABINOVITZ at the curb, while ENGEL, DAGAI and ALROEI 
walked down the sidewalk to the next terminal. DAGAI then quickly walked into the 
terminal at the same time as a blue GMC Safari Van, bearing California tags 3LVA018 
arrived at the curb and picked-up ENGEL and ALROEI. The van then quickly departed. 
DMV records indicate this van is registered to ADESA GOLDEN GATE, Address: 6700 
Stevenson Blvd., Fremont, CA, transfer date 1 1-28-00:, receipt date: 12-1 1-00. In a few 
minutes, the van returned and stopped quickly at the curb. DAGAI then came from the 
terminal door-way and entered the van. The van then quickly departed. Again, the van 
returned to the area, and RABINOVITZ got into the van and the unlidentified female 
spoke to the occupants, then it again departed. S/A4 Putnam attempted to locate the van, 
however it could not be found. When he returned to the area, the unidentified female had 
also departed. 

52. On April 4, 2001, four (4), and possibly six (6), Israelis were arrested in by the Ladue 
Missouri Police Dept. for peddling without a license. Three of these individuals were 
identified ay Yoni ENGEL, Yotam DAGAI, and Or ALROEI. During interviews 
conducted by I&NS St. Louis, three of the subjects claimed to have traveled directly from 
New York City, NY to Dallas, TX. A fourth subject claimed to have arrived at Dallas by 
way of New York City, Minneapolis, and Seattle. All then claimed to have met in San 
Antonio, TX with a fifth subject, identified as Ben SAD AN, an Israeli national 
approximately 24 yoa, who acted as their driver. SAD AN reportedly uses a cellular 
telephone with number 214-562-1 110. The group claimed they then traveled from San 
Antonio, TX to Oklahoma City, OK, Tulsa, OK, Wichita, KS, Topeka, KS, Kansas City, 
MO, Springfield, MO, and then to St. Louis for the purpose of "showing" art produced by 
art students from the University of Art at Jerusalem. All admitted opening bank accounts 
at various branches of Bank of America. They further stated that the money collected 
from the sale of any art was normally deposited into various Bank of America accounts 
with an unspecified amount going to the individual seller. (See paragraph #129, under St. 
Louis Division). 

53. On an unspecified date, (but believed to be on or about May 9, 2001 three Israeli 
nationals arrived at DFW via Air France Flight #40 from Paris, France. Two were sent 
for secondary inspection and interviewed by I&NS Agents. They were identified as 
Tomer BEN DOR, male, Israeli, DOB: 08-24-75, Marina GLIKMAN, female, Israeli, 
DOB: 12-15-72. BEN DOR stated he planned on being in the Dallas, TX area for 
approximately two weeks and then was planning on traveling to Mexico, New York City, 
and Canada before returning to Israel. BEN DOR was in possession of a return ticket to 
Israel dated July 8, 2001 and a rental car reservation through Hertz for May 9, 2001 to 
June 9, 2001 . BEN DOR stated he works for NICE, a software engineering company in 
Israel. BEN DOR stated he served in the Israeli military on a unit that was responsible for 



16 



Patriot missile defense. 

54. BEN DOR stated he intended to stay at the La Quinta Inn, 14925 Landmark Blvd, 
Addison, TX, however a check of the hotel revealed no reservations under his name. 
BEN DOR was in possession of $1500 in cash and a credit card, which he stated he was 
going to use to help pay his expenses while in the U. S. BEN DOR stated he is a friend of 
GLIKMAN and traveled to the U.S. with her, but might travel throughout the U.S. alone. 
During a search of BEN DORs luggage a printout from a Windows readme file named 
"WinPOS-5 3 -readme" was found that has some reference to a file named "DEA Groups". 

55. Marina GLIKMAN stated she would be visiting the U.S. for two months in the Dallas 
area. She originally claimed to be traveling alone, but later claimed to be traveling with 
BEN DOR. GLIKMAN stated that an individual named Ronen AKIVA or "HILLEL" 
(subsequently identified as Hillel DOR) would pick her up. GLIKMAN did not know the 
address of AKIVA or HILLEL, but had home and cellular telephone numbers for both, 
(not identified). GLIKMAN stated she did not know whom AKIVA worked for. 
GLIKMAN also stated she was planning on staying at the La Quinta Inn, and was in 
possession of $1500 in cash and a credit card. Again, a check of the hotel revealed no 
reservation under her name. GLIKMAN claimed to be a computer programmer for 
RETALIX RAANANA in Israel, and a prior intelligence officer in the Israeli military. 
During a search of her personal luggage, a Declaration for Personal Effects Shipping to 
Overseas was found which reflected she has shipped personal effects, to include furniture 
and clothing, to 8081 Royal Ridge Parkway, Irving, TX, the address used by RETALIX 
USA. 

56. While GLIKMAN and BEN DOR were being processed, I&NS Inspectors went to 
the lobby of DFW to attempt to identify any individuals who were present to meet 
GLIKMAN and BEN DOR. The Inspectors identified Hillel DOR, male, Israeli, DOB: 
04-06-71 and Zeev MILLER, male, Israeli, DOB: 09-04-71. MILLER had also arrived on 
the same flight as GLIKMAN and BEN DOR. MILLER claimed he was a student at Tel 
Aviv University studying software engineering while working part-time for RETALIX in 
Israel. MILLER stated he intended to travel to Mexico, New York, and Canada while on 
vacation. MILLER stated he was an explosive ordinance/combat engineer while in the 
Israeli military. MILLER was in possession of $1200 in cash and a Visa credit card. 
Hillel DOR stated he was at the airport to pick-up GLIKMAN. I&NS S/As verified that 
DOR had entered the U.S. in January, 2001 as an H-1B nonimmigrant, working for 
RETALIX USA. 

57. RETALIX provides integrated, enterprise-wide software for the retail food industry. 
It has headquarters in the U.S. and Israel. RETALIX, USA Inc is the U.S. subsidiary of 
the parent company, based in Israel. It was founded in 1982 as POINT OF SALE 
LIMITED and changed its name in November 2000. It is trades on the NASDAQ market 
under RTLX. The company has over 450 employees, with subsidiary offices in the U.S. 
and the United Kingdom. The chairman and CEO is Barry SHAKED, who replaced 
Lawrence ALLMAN as the president and CEO of RETALIX USA on January 31, 2001. 



17 



Denver Division 



58. Sometime in July or August 2000, on two separate occasions, a male described as 
Caucasian, 5'8", black hair, wearing baggy clothing, entered the reception area of the 
Denver Divisional Office. The unidentified male spoke with a heavy accent and was 
carrying a black artwork brief case. The unidentified male asked to speak with anyone 
interested in purchasing artwork. The unidentified rriale was asked to leave and did so 
without incident. 

59. Sometime in December 2000, an unidentified white male, 20-25 years of age entered 
the Colorado Springs, Colorado Resident Office in an attempt to sell artwork, He was 
asked to leave and did so without incident. 

60. Four separate incidents involving unidentified persons attempting to sell artwork at 
the Salt Lake City, Utah Resident Office were reported by a Receptionist. These incidents 
occurred during the 2000 calendar year. In each incident, all suspicious persons entered 
the reception area of the Salt Lake City, Utah Resident Office asking to speak to anyone 
interested in purchasing artwork. All subjects spoke with a heavy accent believed to be 
French. All subjects were asked to leave and did so without incident. 

61. A second receptionist at the Salt Lake Ciiy, Utah Resident Office reported one male 
and two female subjects attempted to sell artwork in the reception area. The receptionist 
asked the male subject where he was from. Apparently, he claimed he was from Israel. 
The receptionist purchased a painting, for $100.00 and was not issued a receipt. This 
incident occurred sometime in January 2001. 

Detroit Division 

62. A Vehicle Technician at the Detroit Division reported that during the fall of 2000, a 
female appearing to be either Jewish or Arabic in her twenties visited her home in 
Southfield, Kentucky in an attempt to sell her artwork. The Vehicle Technician declined 
to purchase any paintings and the female left. The Vehicle Technician said it appeared 
the female was going door to door. 

63. A DEA-6 Report of Investigation was received from the Louisville, Kentucky 
Resident Office detailmig the suspicious activities of Israeli art students. On February 12, 
2001, an individual who identified himself as an Israeli art student visited the residence 
of a Special Agent. The individual stated he was selling artwork door to door. He claimed 
he and other Israeli students were staying at a Motel 6 in Lexington, Kentucky. The 
Special Agent examined the individual's Israeli Ministries of Transport photo ID. The ID 
indicated that the individual was Shabar FREIDMAN, driver's license number 6728447 
and ID number 033056433. On February 13, 2001, a Special Agent made contact with an 
individual outside the Lexington, Kentucky Resident Office. The individual claimed to be 
an Israeli art student. The individual was identified as Gerzon Ofir AVRAHAM, (DOB 
08/12/77). AVRAHAM presented his Israeli passport (96315574) and a Ministries of 
Transport ID number 034193615. Contact was made with AVRAHAM after ATF 
personnel observed him walking around the property of the Lexington, Kentucky 



18 



Resident Office. During an interview with AVRAHAM he stated that he did not enter the 
Resident Office and that he was trying to sell his artwork to individuals in the area. 
AVRAHAM also stated that he and seven other Israelis were in the U.S. traveling and 
selling artwork. AVRAHAM claimed that he and the others go to businesses and 
residences in an attempt to have people buy their artwork. Apparently, the Israelis were 
staying at a Motel 6 located in Lexington, Kentucky and are planning to travel to 
Cincinnati, Ohio. AVRAHAM told the Special Agents that there are two groups of Israeli 
students currently in the U.S. The second group was then currently in Memphis, 
Tennessee and Houston, Texas. The Israelis plan to stay in the U.S. until the end ofMarch 
or the beginning of April. AVRAHAM also claimed that one of the members of his 
group, SHAHAR (LNU), visited the residence of a police officer. SHAHAR told 
AVRAHAM that the police officer questioned him about the purpose of his visit. 

El Paso Division 

64. On February 28, 2001, at approximately 6:30 p.m. the Albuquerque District Office 
Duty Agent received a phone call from Patrick Dawson in Phoenix, Arizona (606) 664- 
5647. Dawson stated that their respective office had received a Teletype stating that a 
terrorist organization from the Middle East has been attempting to obtain information 
about the layout of different law enforcement agencies throughout the United States. 
According to Dawson the organization sends college students with framed 
paintings/prints to law enforcement buildings in an attempt to gather information about 
the layout of the buildings. 

65. On or around January 28, 2001, a young man attempting to sell artwork approached a 
DEA Receptionist for the Albuquerque District Office. The Receptionist advised the 
young man that the District Office was a federal building and that she or anyone else was 
not interested. The Receptionist observed: the young man leave; however, she does not 
remember the description of the individual. 

66. On Tuesday, March 6, 2001, a young female came to the IRS office trying to sell 
artwork. The woman was dressed neatly in an "American style" dress. The woman spoke 
very quietly and with a heavy accent, which made her very difficult to understand. She 
advised one of the IRS employees that she was Mongolian and that she had to sell a 
certain amount of artwork to get an art scholarship. She carried a small portfolio type 
container and produced a childish and unframed painting of some sort of animal with 
glitter. One of the witnesses described it as something the girl might have done herself. 
The girl was told that soliciting was not allowed in the building and she left the IRS 
office. No one apparently saw the woman leave the floor or building and no other 
subjects were seen. The woman described her as being in her late teens to early 20's, 
plump / chunky and approximately 4'1 1 " and light complected. 

Houston Division 

67. On October 20, 2000, a male Israeli art student was observed by the Security Officers 
entering the lobby level and enter an elevator from a secure area of the Houston, Texas 



19 



Divisional Office. Security Officers were able to apprehend the art student before he 
could enter a secure area on the second floor. There are no written reports of the incident 
nor any identification attempt made of the art student. 

68. On January 16, 2001, a male Israeli art student was observed by a United States 
Customs Service Special Agent entering a secured parking lot area that leads into the 
Houston Divisional Office. The USCS Special Avent stopped the art student and turned 
him over to the Security Officers. The student claimed he wanted to gain access to the 
building to sell artwork. No personal identification information was obtained. 

69. On January 22, 2001, a third Israeli art student entered the lobby of the Houston 
Division and asked the Security Officer if he could utilize a pay phone. The Security 
Officer informed the student that there was no public phone available. The Security 
Officer asked the student if he had any artwork to sell. The student said, "yes," and 
proceeded to inform the Security Officer that another student visited the Houston 
Division a week ago to sell artwork. The Security Offlicer told the student that someone 
upstairs wanted to see the artwork. The Houston Division Special Agent/Security Officer 
S/A John Martin, Assistant Special Agent in Charge Ric Ludowig, and another Special 
Agent interviewed the student. The Israeli art student was carrying a Florida State 
Driver's License (#B650-520-76-047-0). The information on the license was Lior 
BARAM, 10733 Cleary Blvd., #206, Plantation, Florida, 33324-0000, (DOB 02/07/76), 
5'9", dark eyes and black hair. BARAM admitted to serving three years in the Israeli 
military and served his last two years in Intelligence, working with classified information. 
BARAM spoke fluent English with an accent. He also claimed to be an art student at 
Bezalel University in Jerusalem; however, he could not spell Bezalel. BARAM stated 
there were fifteen (15) Israeli art students in the Houston, Texas area attempting to sell 
their artwork. BARAM claimed to realize that the Houston Division was a Federal 
building and that be would not be able to sell his artwork there. BARAM was asked how 
he knew the Houston Division was a Federal Building. BARAM response was, "By 
looking around and seeing all of the cars." BARAM also stated that after he left the 
military, he traveled for one year, worked at a car rental company, and studied at 
BEZALEL UNIVERSITY. 

70. BARAM could not provide the name of address or phone number of a place he was 
staying. He also referred to the person heading the student affair as his "supervisor." 
When BARAM pronounced the name cf his supervisor it sounded like "Ori," and that Ori 
could be contacted at (847) 456-6166. The telephone number was called and Ori was not 
available. No one at that phone number could provide any information. BARAM was 
allowed to use a DEA telephone to call someone to pick him up. BARAM dialed 1-800- 
462-3541, but did not speak to anyone. When asked, he stated he tried to call a friend in 
New York. BARAM was instructed to leave and never return. BARAM cialmed he had 
visited the U.S. three times on a tourist visa, A records check from the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service revealed BARAM had visited the U.S. in 1997 and once in 2000 
and 2001. 

a) On May 10, 1997, BARAM entered the U.S., via Miami, under admission number 



20 



75957562105, on American Airlines flight #5776. He departed the U.S., via New York, 
on British Airways flight #0001 on May 17, 1997. His U. S. tourist visa was issued on 
March 18, 1997. 

b) On August 25, 1997, BARAM entered the U.S. via Los Angeles, under admission 
number 35627816705, on El Al Israel flight #0105. At that time he was carrying an 
Israeli passport (#4787090) and it is presumed he may have entered the U.S. under the 
same U.S. tourist visa as noted above. BARAM departed the U.S. on December 13, 1997, 
via Miami, on Air Jamaica flight #0093. 

c) On December 16, 1997, BARAM entered the U.S. via Miami, under admission number 
76155245005, on Air Jamaica flight #0090. There was no date of issue for the U.S. 
tourist visa, however, the visa was issued in Jerusalem. BARAM departed the U.S., via 
Newark, NJ, on El AL Israel flight #0001 on January 3, 1998. 

d) On November 22, 2000, BARAM re-entered the U.S., via New York, on El Al Israel 
flight #0003. He was carrying Israeli passport (#8722103) and was issued a U.S. tourist 
visa on November 15, 2000 in Tel Aviv. There is no departure information listed for this 
trip. 

70. On March 1, 2001, two college students selling art visited the home of a Staff 
Assistant from the San Antonio, Texas District Office. The Staff Assistant's husband 
answered the door and sent the students on their way. No information as to where they 
were from was revealed. No vehicle was seen and they were walking door to door. 

71. On March 23, 2001, the Houston Division HIDTA faxed ISP a security alert that was 
issued from ONDCR. The security alert describes the apparent attempts by Israeli 
nationals to learn about government personnel and office layouts. The security alert 
reads: 

"A Supervisory Special Agent from OTG has received information from the other OTG's 
that there was an on-going "security threat" in the form of individuals who are 
purportedly "Israeli National Art Students" that are targeting government office selling 
"artwork." The purpose of them targeting Law Enforcement in unknown. Intelligence 
information indicates that they are specifically targeting Law Enforcement agencies as 
they showed up in an ATF office in Lexington, KY, where their office is in a commercial 
building NOT associated with the government. When questioned by the ATF, the 
"students" were vague about why they were selling the artwork in that particular office. 
In the St. Louis area, the source thought that the students were Palestinian and they have 
been at the DEA office in that city. At that location, the Intel indicates that they were 
caught "diagramming" the inside of the building. Also in St. Louis, several of the Law 
Enforcement's Officer's homes have been visited by these folks. One DCIS agent reported 
two individuals, who appeared to be of Middle Eastern extraction, went to his house and 
tried to gain entry under the ruse of "selling art." When he refused entry to them, they 
left. What was unusual is that he watched them and they did not visit any other houses in 
the area. Since this came from DEA, who is apparently on of the major targets, I thoughy 
it imperative to get the word out as soon as practical. DEA is attempting to build a 
database of the contacts in all areas. A TIGTA Special Agent reports that he was visited 
at his home in west Little Rock, AR approximately two months ago by a woman "selling 



21 



artwork," and fitting this description. It is unknown HOW these folks are getting the 
home addresses of the agents contacted, whether via surveillance or by FOIA. requests, 
but it is certainly well to be aware of anyone who may fit this description and appears to 
be following an agent." 

Los Angeles Division 

72. On March 8, 2001, at approximately 6:30 p.m., two males claiming to be art students 
from UCLA, visited the home of Intelligence Supervisor Lori Fernandes and AS AC John 
Fernandes, of the Los Angeles Division. The two males said they were attending school 
from Europe and were trying to sell art to support their economy. The two males looked 
to be in their 20's. One male had very short black hair and the other had black hair that 
extended about two inches below his ears. The I/S Fernandes informed the males that she 
was not interested and they left the residence. The two males departed the neighborhood 
in a vehicle bearing a Maryland license plate #HLB785, The plate comes back to a 1991 
Ford registered to Leviella MENDEL at 8377 Tamar Drive, #37, Columbia, Maryland, 
DOB 10/29/75, driver's license #M-534-5 14-009-032, 57", 150 lbs. All M204 inquiries 
were negative. Additional inquiries revealed MENDEL has a new residential address, 
4733 Haskell Ave., #46, Encino, California. Criminal checks are still pending. 

73. On Wednesday April 2, 2001 at approximately 8:00 PM one of two individuals rang 
the doorbell of the residence of a DEA Special Agent Wayne Schmidt in Duarte, 
California. Upon answering the door, the S/A observed the two individuals walking away 
from the residence and walking toward an adjoining neighbor's residence. Upon exiting 
the residence, the S/A observed that both individuals, a male and a female, were at the 
neighbor's front door and stated that they were "Israeli art students", The neighbor 
advised them she was not interested and both left the area walking south on foot. The S/A 
observed that the male spoke English with a pronounced accent and was approximately 
5'10" medium build short curly dark hair and carried an artist's portfolio. The female was 
approximately 5'7" with shoulder length auburn hair. The S/A was not able to obtain any 
further description due to the lack of available light in the area. The S/A returned to his 
residence and contacted by telephone the Temple Station of the Los Angeles County 
Sheriffs Department (LASO) and requested assistance in attempting to find and identify 
the individuals. While awaiting the arrival of the LASO, the S/A returned to the area 
where he had last observed the individuals and attempted to locate their exact location 
without success. The S/A was contacted telephonically by LASO Sergeant Joseph B. 
O'Conner [not redacted]. Subsequently, the S/A briefed Sergeant O'Conner in person at a 
location away from his residence, While briefing, Sergeant O'Conner dispatched a 
number of marked police units into the area of the last sighting. After approximately 30 
minutes of searching the area the units reported no observations. Sergeant O'Conner, 
along with several LASO Deputies canvases on foot the residents of several houses north 
and south of the S/A's residence on the pretext of looking for door to door peddlers. 
Sergeant O'Conner determined that the two individuals approached the resident of 615 
Royalview Street, Duarte, identified as Kathy SABGUNDJIAN (626) 358-6453 (626) 
256-1027 at approximately 7:30 PM and had entered that residence and stayed for 
approximately 30 minutes. Ms. SABGUNJIAN had made a purchase from the 



22 



individuals. During questioning by Sergeant O'Conner Ms. SAPGUNDJIAN recalled that 
the two individuals would not give her their names nor did they provide her with a 
telephone number. When asked about framing the artwork the individuals obtained Ms. 
SABGUNDJIAN's telephone numbers and said that they will be in touch with her. 
Sergeant O'Conner left his business card wtih Ms. SABGUNJIAN and requested that she 
contact him in the event the art students telephoned. Sergeant O'Conner also requested 
that Ms. SABGUNDJIAN not tell the sellers about his visit. 

Miami Division 

74. The Miami Division, including SouthCom, ATF, INS, FDLE, and SFISC, and the 
Southeast Laboratory, (for lab incidents, see Laboratories), has had at least 20 encounters 
with Israelis selling artwork. These encounters took place at the Divisional Office and at 
the residences of several employees. A Chemist made a purchase at his residence via 
personal check for $155.00. The check was deposited into Colonial Bank account number 
067001518. A copy of the check has been furnished. 

75. In a Federal Protective Service report dated February 9, 2001, a FPS Officer while on 
patrol at a Federal facility adjacently located to DEA, was notified by a Security Officer 
that there were two individuals walking around the back of the building. The subjects 
stated that they were there from Israel to try to sell paintings for art school. The male 
subject was carrying an Israeli passport, a Florida State driver's license, and a Florida 
state ID card. The female subject had a Florida State driver's license and a Florida state 
ID card. The female subject could not provide a passport or visa from Israel. The subjects 
were detained and transferred to FPS Miami Headquarters where they were interviewed. 
Both subjects were issued tickets for "soliciting for commercial purposes." While 
interviewed, both subjects produced counterfeit social security cards. Both subjects stated 
they were approached by a man at the Florida State driver's license office and paid him 
$100.00 for the counterfeit social security cards. Both subjects were issued tickets for 
"possession of a false U.S, Government document." The male subject was identified as 
Ohad AHARON and the female as Yafit SEGAL. Later in the interview, SEGAL stated 
that they are not art students, but answered an ad in Israel to go to the U.S. to sell art. The 
company, which is located in Florida, is "Oil Paintings and Frames Universal Art," and 
the manager's name is ALMOG. SEGAL also stated that they had a disagreement with 
ALMOG, left the company, and decided to sell art on their own. The art is bought from a 
company in Los Angeles, California. SEGAL and AHARON were released and the case 
remains open with the U.S. Dept. of State. 

75. [Number reused] On February 15, 2001, an off duty agent spotted two individuals 
believed to be identified with subjects of a security adviory posted by the Miami F.D. 
Surveillance was conducted and the local police approached them to obtain identification 
and photographs. They were both carrying passports. The female's name was Hammutal 
COHEN, DOB 01/29/62, passport 416077838, Immigration departure #41060016307 
(02/12/01), 5'8", 145 lbs. The male's name was Itay RUBINSTEIN, DOB 01/17/79, U.S. 
visa #39127358, date of entry 12/28/00, passport #39127358, 6'0", 165 lbs, They stated 
they were showing artwork that was not for sale. They were promoting an art gallery that 



23 



was opening in New York. DEA Special Agents observed these two individuals in a strip 
mall near the DEA Orlando District Office in Heathrow, Florida. The Israelis were 
observed going business-to-business selling artwork they carried in a large portfolio. The 
agents photographed the two individuals, 

76. On March 1, 2001, at approximately 3:00 p.m., SA Kevin McLaughlin of theTampa 
DO responded to a knock at one of the fifth floor office doors. (It should be noted that the 
Tampa DO occupies the fourth and fifth floors of a First Union bank Office building). 
The reception area is on the fourth floor, with the fifthi floor doors being locked, and 
possessing no signs of identification.) At the door was a young female who immediately 
identified herself as an Israeli aii student who had beautiful art to sell. She was carrying a 
crudely made portfolio of canvas, matted, but unframed pictures. Taking note of the 
posted Miami Field Division Security Alert regarding a similar incident, SA McLaughlin 
invited her into one of the interview rooms and SA Adrian Chindgren joined him in 
listening to her presentation. She had approximately 15 paintings of different styles, some 
copies of famous works, and others similar in style to famous artists. When asked her 
name, she identified herself as Bella POLLCSON, and pointed out one of the paintings 
was signed by that name. She then changed her story and said that the paintings were not 
for sale, but that she was there to promote an art show in Sarasota, FL, and asked for the 
agents' business cards so that information regarding the show could be mailed to them. 
She was not able to say when, or where the show would take place. After this 
discrepancy, the agents began to question her more closely, and her responses were 
evasive at best. When asked whom she was with, she stated that she was dropped at this 
office building by her Team Leader, who knew everything and could answer more 
questions. The Team Leader was described as a male driving a red van, dropping off this 
female, with another four females and a male. 

77. Tampa DO agents then began searching the area around the Tampa DO office and 
found the individuals described by the young female. Two of the girls were on a street 
corner near another busy office complex area and as agents were speaking with thern, the 
red van pulled up. All were escorted to the Tampa DO for questioning. 

78. Agents from the Tampa DO then interviewed each of the subjects. Through 
identification that was produced, it was revealed that the female who approached the 
Tampa DO and identified herself as Bella POLLCSON, was now identified as Inbal 
VAKSHI. The other subjects were: Sussie OSHRA, Keren KUZNITZ, Keren 
MATATIA, Livnat SELLA, Eli COHEN, Oshirt ZAGURI, Rachel KENDEL, and Hanan 
SERFATY. SERFATY, the driver of the red van, was identified as the Team Leader. All 
of the subjects gave ambiguous answers to the agents, but keeping to the story that they 
were Israeli art students. 

79. VAKSHI produced an Israeli identification card, an Israeli passport, a student 
identification card, and a Florida driver's license for Sarah Minna SASSOON. VAKSI 
stated that she had received the license from a friend of hers who was no longer living in 
Florida. 



24 



80. S/A David Keikin interviewed subject Hanan SERFATY. SERFATY stated that he 
served in the Israeli military between the ages of 18-21. He further indicated that he 
arrived in the U.S. approximately one year ago at the age of 23. When questioned as to 
what he did between the ages of 21 and 24, he refused to answer. The interviewing agent 
indicated that SERFATY's command of the English language was excellent, even the 
utitilization of slang words. SERFATY indicated that he resides in Hollywood, FL, with a 
phone number of (954) 478-1006. He further related that he purchases the paintings from 
an Anglo male, TOM (LNU) for $8.00-$15.00/piece, In turn, each piece of artwork is 
subsequently sold for $50-80. TOM (LNU) allegedly resides in Hollywood/Ft. 
Lauderdale area, and reportedly has a storage unit in south Florida where he keeps the 
artwork to be picked up. 

8 1 . It should be noted that in SERFATY's possession were deposit and withdrawal slips 
for Washington Mutual Bank account #038300002297689, dating, from December 19, 
2000 through February 21, 2001. The fifty-one (51) slips were for transactions at various 
banks in Dade and Broward County, FL, banks, specifically in Coral Gables, Miami, 
Hollywood, Aventura, and Tamarac, The deposits for the timeframe toaled $93,252,00, 
with withdrawals totaling $86,000. Also in SERFATY's possession were four (4) deposit 
slips for First Union Bank account #1010017986436, from February 26, 2001 through 
March 1, 2001, totaling $14,250. 

82. After being photographed, the subjects were released. G/S Mark Baughman contacted 
G/S James Williams, Miami Field Division SOG, and was instructed to contact Matheson 
of the Federal Protective Service in Atlanta, which he did telephomically. On March 2, 
2001, G/S Baughman contacted Air Force Intelligence, OSI at MacDill Air Force Base 
and relayed all pertinent information to Air Force Commander Joseph Lukowski. Copies 
of all documents were forwarded to Commander Lukowski. 

83. Follow-up calls to the Tampa Police Department revealed the following information. 
On 2/27/01, the Tampa Police Dept. responded to two calls of suspicious persons in the 
Davis Island area of Tampa. Shortly after 8 PM, officers responded to the first call and 
encountered a male and female alleging to be selling art prints in a residential area. One 
of the homes they embarked upon was that of a U.S. Marshal. During the interview of the 
two subjects, the male claimed he was previously a police officer with the Israeli Army 
and was currently touring the U.S. with an associate. The male subject was identified as 
Assaf MARZIANO, DOB: 02-04-78. The female subject was identified as Orit 
BENDALAK, DOB: 10-28-78. MARZIANO stated that he had relatives in Miami, but 
could not recall their names. He also claimed that he was traveling to Los Angeles after 
leaving FL. Both subjects claimed that a NADAV (LNU) was responsible for introducing 
them to the idea of selling artwork while in Miami, and added that NADAV was 
responsible for dropping off the subjects on Davis Island to sell artwork. BENDALAK 
stated that she originally left Israel and traveled to Thailand and Taiwan. She also 
claimed that while serving in the Israeli army, she was trained as a bomb technician. At 
9:15 PM, a second call brought TPD officers to another location on Davis Island, which 
resulted in the interview of another male and female also selling artwork. These subjects 
claimed to ro be promoting artwork for an organization that they could not recall the 



25 



name of. They both additionally claimed that they had been dropped off in Tampa after 
departing Miami on same day. These subjects are identified as Michael SIMON, DOB: 
1 1-23-78 and liana HARARI, DOB: 4-29-79. TPD fingerprinted and photographed all 4 
subjects. (The Tampa DO retains copies of all documentation.) These subjects all had 
passports in their possession reflecting travel through Czech, Warsaw, and Nepal 
(10/2000). It should be noted that in addition to one Deputy U.S. Marshal residing on 
Davis Island, also residing there is a DEA agent and his spouse who is a Deputy U.S. 
Marshal, a FL state representative, and a captain with the Tampa Police, Dept. 

84. The day before this incident, February 28, 2001, four students were observed going 
door-to-door in a Tampa neighborhood. They knocked on the door of a U.S. Marshal. 
The U.S. Marshal stated that the students were selling and promoting artwork for the 
Jerusalem Art Academy. The students claimed they came to the U.S. on February 21, 
2001 from Israel, through New York, and then to visit friends in Miami. None of the 
students could provide the names of their ftiends. The students indicated that they had 
just recently traveled to Thailand and Taiwan. The students indicated that they had served 
in the Israeli military (which is required). One male stated he was a police officer in the 
military and one female stated she was trained as a bomb technician. 

85. On March 6, 2001, two males and one female student attempted to sell artwork at the 
IRS office in Maitland, Florida, The students appeared to be from the Middle East and 
possibly Israeli, according to the IRS agent. Two agents encountered the students and 
they were asked to wait while a supervisor was contacted. The students left and were 
followed to the parking lot. The students were seen getting into a vehicle bearing Florida 
license plate number D36-TTQ. The registration belongs to Seth Thomas 
BURKHOLDER of 3329 Bartlett Blvd., Orlando, Florida. The vehicle is a white 1995 
Nissan pickup. 

86. The U.S. Marshals Service also provided information regarding similar incidents at 
the Federal Courthouse and Federal Building in downtown Tampa. On February 7, 2001, 
a female carrying a large flat package was stopped on the 17th floor of the courthouse. 
The female stated that she was an Israeli art student that had some photos and paintings to 
sell. The subject was instructed to check with the first floor Security Post to get 
permission. The subject then departed to the elevators. It was noted that the female had a 
thick accent possibly middle-eastern. 

87. An inquiry at the U.S. Attorney's Office (USAO) in Tampa by the Marshals Service 
revealed that a female had visited the USAO floor of a commercial bank building where 
they lease space. She claimed to have pictures to see, and may also have claimed to be an 

88. On February 27, 2001, Deputy U.S. Marshal (DUSM) Scott Ley observed two 
females fitting the profile of the Israeli art student seen at the Tampa Federal courthouse, 
standing on a street corner in downtown Tampa. They were carrying hand-made 
portfolios, approximately 4-ft. by 3-ft, made up of white foam core sides with heavily 
taped carrying handles. One of the females was followed into a commercial bank buildina 
where she proceeded to sell her paintings. She proceeded to other buildings in the area for 



26 



the next hour, before joining a third female in the lobby of another bank building. The 
third female had set up her artwork in the lobby. Information obtained from the building 
management revealed a Florida IID card in the name of Keren KUZNITZ, and a 
telephone number for her "boss," The number, (954) 478-0961 is a Voice Stream 
Wireless cellular phone out of Fort Lauderdale, FL. 12. DUSM Ley approached this 
female and inquired about the paintings, She immediately identified herself as an Israeli 
art student named Keren. She stated that she was one of the ten students from a class of 
forty that traveled to the U.S. for one month selling their own artwork as a fundraiser. 
DUSM Ley purchased a painting for $150.00, and obtained additional information from 
KUZNITZ. The name of her "Team Leader" and/or "Boss" is Hanane SARFATI, and the 
name of the art school is BEZALEL. The "boss" was to pick the art students up in 
downtown Tampa at approximately 5:00 p.m. Additional surveillance revealed a dark- 
colored mini van, driven by a white male with dark hair, picking up approximately six 
females, all carrying similar "portfolios," in a crowded area during downtown Tampa 
rush hour. The Florida license plate on the van was U71 DLD, a 1991 red Dodge mini- 
van, registered to Hanane SARFATI, W/M, DOB 06/03/1977, 4220 Sheridan St. #303, 
Hollywood, FL, and 701 S. 21st Ave., Hollywood, FL. A Florida Driver's License check 
revealed S613-320-77-203-0 to belong to Hinane SARFATI, 4220 Sheridan St.,, #303, 
Hollywood, FL. This license has been suspended and is not curreatly valid. 

89. The U.S. Marshals Service subsequently found the BEZALEL ACADEMY OF 
ARTS AND DESIGN in Jerusalem via the Internet. The telephone number is 01 1-972- 
2589-3333; website www.bezalel.ac.il. The Tampa DO has copies of all of the above 
reports, photographs, and identification. For further information, please contact GS Jane 
Feeney or IRS Bonnie Godshall. 

90. The following was received by the RAC of the Ft. Myers resident Office: 
Commonwealth Financial Center (CFC) (the DEA FTMRO is a tenant of this building) 
and approached several people attempting to sell artwork. The females were asked to 
leave by tenants on the fourth floor that then notifiied the FTMRO. [Note: a MFD On 15 
March 2001, sometime after noontime, two white females entered the Security Alert on 
these Israeli art students was previously given to the non-DEA tenants of the 
Commonwealth Financial Center, Also, other tenants of the building reported seeing this 
group on a previous occasion.] SA's Paul Mangone and Mark Strang approached the 
females and asked them what their business ws in the building. The two females, 
subsequently identified as Zwaig MEIRAV and Hilda MACHBUBI told the agents that 
they arrived that same day from Fort Lauderdale "by bus" and planned on returning the 
same day. They said they had "walked" from the bus station in downtown Fort Myers to 
the CFC. They said they had no identification on them. As they left the CFC, SAs 
Mangone and Strang followed the two females as they walked around the neighborhood 
returning to the corner of New Brittany Blvd. and College Parkway after, apparently, 
placing a telephone call to associates. 

91. A short time later, SA Mangone saw a bronze/tan Ford Aerostar XLT, bearing Florida 
license number T37-VTH, arrive at the northeast comer of New Brittany Blvd. and 
College Parkway. Two other persons occupied this vehicle. These persons were 



27 



subsequently identified as Nimrod SIMKIN and Inbal KEREN. MEIRAV and 
MACHBUBI then entered the vehicle. SAs Mangone and Strang followed the vehicle as 
it headed west on College Parkway toward the city of Cape Coral. The vehicle entered 
Cape Coral on Cape Coral Parkway then turned north on Del Prado Blvd. It turned into a 
small business center on the East Side of Del Prado Blvd and parked in the parking lot of 
the business. 

92. SA's Mangone and Strang then approached the vehicle and the driver, SIMKIN, who 
was already out of the vehicle. SA Mangone [not redacted] then asked the other three 
occupants to exit the vehicle. SA Mangone asked each to provide ID, which they did. SA 
Mangone asked MEIRAV why she lied to him at the CFC. She said she was afraid. SA 
Mangone asked SIMKIN, the vehicle driver, for permission to search the vehicle. SA 
Mangone [not redacted] saw a small Panasonic digital recorder and photographic 
equipment in the vehicle. 

93. The following personal information was obtained from the four individuals: 

Zwaig MEIRAV, w/f, thin build, short long dark hair, DOB: 2/9/76, US VISA control 
#20003205620012, Israeli passport #7831088 

Hilda MACHBUBI, w/f, DOB: 5/4/79, US VISA control #2000039721001 1, Israeli 
passport # 6530284, FL ID # M21 1-320-79-664-0 

Nimrod SIMKIN, w/m, over 6* tall, curly hair, DOB: 9/2/77, FL DL# S525-620-77-3220 

Inbal KEREN, w/f, DOB: 7/17/79, US VISA control #20001710300009, Israeli passport 
#6082073 

94. SIMKIN explained that they are part of a group of Israeli students who are working to 
earn money so that they may continue their education in Israel. All of the students travel 
to the United States on tourist visas and pay for their own airfare and living expenses. 
They remain in the U.S. for a period of four months then return to Israel. SIMKIN did not 
know how many students participate in this program but stated that in addition to himself 
and the three females currently with him there are three other students residing in Ft. 
Lauderdale. These students learn of this opportunity in Israel and they are put in touch 
with a several outlets where they purchase paintings out of pocket. The students then sell 
the paintings and they retain any profit for themselves. SIMKIN was unable to provide 
names of the persons/businesses from which they purchase the paintings nor was he able 
to provide the name of the organization that sponsors this employment. 

The following was received from the Orlando District Office: 

95. On May 2, 2001 in response to that Interoffice memorandum, SA Lee Madeam noted 
a suspicious vehicle outside of the Orlando District Office parked in the travel lanes 
taking photographs of the office building and parking lots. SA Madeam attempted to get 
a closer look at this vehicle and possibly a license plate number, however, this vehicle 



28 



sped away before he could reach it. SA Madeam described this vehicle as a late model 
Mitsubishi Diamante, maroon in color. SA Madeam described the driver of this vehicle 
as a white male. 

96. On May 3, 2001, the DEA Orlando District Office was visited by an Israeli art 
student at approximately 1:00 p.m. This subject was detained and identified as Peer 
SEGALOVITZ (DOB: 03-16-1974). SEGALOVITZ is a 27 year old male that has been 
in the United States since January 17, 2001. SEGALOVITZ is in the United States on a 
B-2 (visitation) visa which expires July 17, 2001. INS was contacted and INS requested 
that DEA detain SEGALOVITZ until they could arrive to take him into custody. FBI SA 
John Weyrauch also responded to assist with the interrogation. SEGALOVITZ was 
interrogated for approximately 4 hours while waiting for INS to respond. SEGALOVITZ 
was untruthful about his reasoning to be in the United States for approximately the first 3 
hours. SEGALOVITZ finally admitted that he was one of approximately 30 Israeli art 
students who are currently in Florida. SEGALOVITZ would not admit what their purpose 
was in Florida, but did state that they were not here for legitimate means. 

97. SEGALOVITZ reluctantly stated that he was an officer of the Israeli military special 
forces 605 battalion in Golan Heights. SEGALOVITZ has the rank of Lieutenant and his 
military ID number is 5087989. SEGALOVITZ stated that he commanded approximately 
80 men. SEGALOVITZ stated that he had been in infantry, but as a platoon leader he and 
his men specialized in demolition. SEGALOVITZ then began to explain the various 
types of explosives that he was familiar with and stated that his main purpose was to clear 
mine fields for Israeli tanks and soldiers. SEGALOVITZ acknowledged he could blow up 
buildings, bridges, cars and anything else that he needed too. SEGALOVITZ further 
stated that he was very familiar with small arms and had operational knowledge of tanks 
and other large military machinery. SEGALOVITZ stated that the only thing he was not 
trained to operate was military aircraft. SEGALOVITZ admitted that he had been in two 
(2) military actions in Lebanon involving explosives, these missions were to eradicate 
members of the Hezbolah. SEGALOVITZ asked agents not to divulge this information to 
Israel because it would lead to his immediate arrest in Israel, 

98. SEGALOVITZ stated that he was aware of Israeli Organized Crime, involvement in 
drug smuggling and weapons smuggling. SEGALOVITZ admitted that he was selling art 
and working for his brother's company. SEGALOVITZ identified his brother as Dror 
SEGALOVITZ with an address of 8187 N. University Drive Apartment 129 in Tamarac, 
Florida. A search of Peer SEGALOVITZ and his vehicle found numerous deposit slips, 
paintings, receipts for art sales and art equipment. INS SA's Nigel Jason and Bill Forester 
from the Orlando INS Office responded and arrested Peer SEGALOVITZ for violation of 
his B-2 (visitation) visa by working in the United States. 

99. Following the interview of Peer SEGALOVITZ, FBI SA John Weyrauch [not 
redacted] drove to several area shopping centers lookin for SEGALOVITZ's buddy 
"Schlomo" as SEGALOVITZ called him. S/A Weyrauch [not redacted] spotted an odd 
looking male (long braided pony tail) with art portfolio like SEGALOVITZ's at a Winn 
Dixie, just down the street from the Orlando D.O. S/A Weyrauch [not redacted] 



29 



approached the individual and did an interview. The subject identified himself as follows: 

Akyuz Shmuel SAGIV 
Israeli Passport # 8710426 
DOB: 09-27-1976 
POB: Maaloot, Israel 
Entered US IN New York 
Address unknown 
PN 954-712-2126 

SAGIV stated he is scheduled to leave the U.S. in May to go back to Israel. SAGIV 
stated he has a cousin (NFI) in Hollywood, FL, and a cousin (NFI) in Coral Springs, FL. 
SAGIV stated he was in the Israeli military in 1995-1996, and was the personal 
bodyguard of the highest ranking General in the Israeli Army. He also stated he was a 
demolition expert. 

SAGIV stated he met Peer SEGALOVITZ one week earlier, in a pub. SAGIV stated 
SEGALOVITZ asked him to help set-up art in Orlando, FL. SAGIV stated he knew 
nothing about art, but that they drove to Orlando that day but did not stay overnight. He 
stated he did not go to Daytona, FL, and did not stay in the Knights Inn. (Receipts found 
in SEGALOVITZs pocket indicated they did.) SAGIV stated he did not know anyone 
named "AVI" and did not know that Peer SEGALOVITZ had a brother named Dror. S/A 
Weyrauch stated that SAGIV was evasive with answers, that SAGIV did not speak 
English well, and S/A Weyrauch had to continually repeat questions. Following the 
interview, SAGIV was released. 

100. On May 3, 2001, at approximately 1:30 pm, while SEGALOVITZ was being 
interrogated, T/S James Wise spotted a maroon car with a while male sitting inside. This 
car was parked in the turn lane outside of the DEA (Orlando) office building, T/S Wise 
was not able to get the license plate number of the vehicle, as the driver sped away as T/S 
Wise approached it. 

New Orleans Division 

A female identifying herse as an Israeli art student visited the Little Rock, Arkansas 
Resident Office in mid January 2001. The female student was attempting to sell her 
artwork. She was allowed into the reception area where she displayed a cassava bag with 
approximately six to eight pictures to the Receptionist and a National Guard Analyst. 
Both employees were not interested and the female student left without incident. 

102. Also in mid January 2001, a white male, approximately 25 years old, visited the 
Birmingham, Alabama Resident Office in an attempt to sell some artwork, A Task Force 
Agent at the front desk informed the unidentified male that he was not interested and the 
unidentified male left. 

103. On March 7, 2001 at approximately 7:15 PM, the wife of the RAC of the Little 
Rock, Arkansas Resident Office was contacted at her residence by a male and female 



30 



attempting to sell paintings. After she turned them away, the wife informed the RAC of 
the encounter. The RAC exited his residence and observed the male and female knock on 
the door of his neighbor's house and, after receiving no reply, walk back to the street. The 
RAC contacted them at this time. The male verbally identified himself as Danny 
SILVER. The female attempted to verbally identify herself several times but the RAC 
was unable to understand her as she had a very heavy accent. Both subjects were in their 
early twenties and, according to SILVER, were Israeli nationals. The RAC asked to see 
some form of identification. SILVER said that they had Israeli driver licenses and 
military cards but he refused to show these items to the RAC. SILVER said that he and 
the female were part of a group of twenty-five Israeli art students going around the area 
selling paintings and attempting to generate interest in a planned art gallery in St. Louis, 
Missouri. SILVER refused to identify the director and the location of the planned gallery. 
SILVER had in his possession a large case containing five or six paintings. The RAC 
asked SILVER how they arrived at his neighborhood. He initially said they drove but 
changed his story after the RAC requested to see his vehicle. SILVER then said that he 
and the female arrived in a taxi and would leave the same way. The RAC asked SILVER 
who had sent them to the neighborhood. SILVER said that their supervisor had sent them 
and that their supervisor makes the decisions as to where the students go to sell their art. 
SILVER refused to identify the supervisor and refused to provide a telephone number for 
him. The RAC asked SILVER for the telephone number and address of their current 
residence. SILVER said they were staying in a local hotel but refused to provide the 
name of the hotel or the telephone number. SILVER then stated that he did not want to 
answer anymore questions and that he wanted to leave. The RAC returned to his 
residence and called for a Little Rock Police Department patrol unit to search the area in 
an attempt to locate SILVER and the female for the purpose of identifying them. The 
RAC also searched the area. Neither the patrol unit nor the RAC was successful in 
locating SILVER and the female. In a subsequent discussion with the RAC's wife, he 
learned that this past summer she had been visited at their residence by a young female 
with an unknown accent attempting to sell paintings. 

104. The following is information received by the Special Agent in Charge of the New 
Orleans Division: 

During the period of February 16 through February 23, 2001, Group Supervisor (GS) 
James E. Myles, Jr. and Security Specialist (SS) Allen Davis met with members of the 
Federal law enforcement community in the metropolitan area of New Orleans, Louisiana 
to discuss matters regardmg the above captioned subject. The following Federal law 
enforcement agencies reported negative responses: U.S. Customs Service (USCS) and the 
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF). 

105. The following offices reported incidents of Israeli students approaching their 
employees at their office or residence: 

United States Secret Service New Orleans, LA 

106. On Friday, February 16, 2001, S/S Allen Davis and GS James E. Myles, Jr. met with 



31 



United States Secret Service Special Agent in Charge (SAC) Michael James and 
Assistant Special Agent in Charge (ASAC) Kent Tate in New Orleans, Louisiana. SAC 
stated that in December 2000, around Christmas time, two young Israeli students visited 
his residence with artwork. SAC James further recounted that approximately two weeks 
prior to his personal encounter with the Israeli students, two other young Israeli students 
attempted to sell artwork to his spouse at their residence. Neither SAC James nor his 
spouse purchased artwork from the students. Finally, SAC James disclosed that his office 
was in receipt of a Counter terrorism Advisory Report regarding suspicious activities 
around Federal buildings that related to Israeli students. SAC James provided S/S Davis 
with a copy of the report. 

Federal Bureau of Investigation / New Orleans, LA 

107. On Tuesday morning February 20 2001, SS Davis and GS Myles interviewed 
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Special Agent (SA) Gary McDaniel in his office. 
SA McDaniel is the designated security officer for the FBI office which is located at 
2901 Leon C. Simon Boulevard, New Orleans, Louisiana. SA McDaniel stated that he 
was unaware of any incidents involving Israeli students. SA McDaniel assured SS Davis 
that he would canvass his office regarding the Israeli incidents and contact SS Davis if 
any significant information was discovered. Later the same evening, SA McDaniel 
reported to SS Davis that no Israeli students had approached FBI employees at the office 
or their residences. SA McDaniel queried his perimeter security officers to determine if 
they had been approached by anyone attempting to sell artwork with negative results. 

108. On Wednesday, February 21, 2001, SA McDaniel contacted SS Davis and reported 
that the FBI had information that an Israeli student attempted to sell artwork to U.S. 
Federal Magistrate Docia Dalby and U.S. District Judge James Brady at their residences 
in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. SA McDaniel did not know if either Magistrate Dalby or 
Judge Brady purchased any of the artwork. 

US. Marshals Service / New Orleans, LA 

109. On Tuesday afternoon, February 20, 2001, GS Myles and SS Davis interviewed U.S. 
Deputy Marshal Bernie Deschamp at his office in the Hale Boggs Federal Building, 500 
Camp Street, New Orleans, Louisiana. Deputy Deschamp reported that he learned about 
an incident that involved males who identified themselves only as Israeli students while 
trying to enter the DEA and FBI buildings in Houston, Texas attempting to sell paintings 
to building occupants. Deputy Deschamp further reported that an alert regarding the 
Israeli students in Houston, Texas became official when he received a Security Advisory 
Notice regarding suspicious activities around Federal buildings from Acting U.S. Deputy 
Director Louie T. McKinney. 

110. Deputy Deschamp stated that on February 13, 2001, days after receiving the 
Security Advisory Notice, he received a telephone call from the United States Coast 
Guard Office, which is also located in the Hale Boggs Federal Building on the 13th floor, 
and was advised that an unknown male was in Room 1341 showing artwork to 
employees, According to Deputy Deschamp the unknown male was identified as David 



32 



DROR; White Male; 5' 10" tall; 170 pounds; Date of Birth 10/04/76; citizenship: 
Israeli/Canadian; National Origin: Israeli (Tel Aviv); and U.S. Visa (B-l/B-2) number 
7338630. Deputy Deschamp explained that DROR entered the Hale Boggs Federal 
Building from Magazine Street, got on the elevator and went up to the 13th floor to the 
U.S. Bankruptcy Court. Deputy Deschamp described the item DROR was carrying when 
he entered the Hale Boggs Federal Building as an oversized black binder with gray duct 
tape wrapped around the carrying handle. DROR departed U.S. Bankruptcy Court and 
went to the nearby U.S. Coast Guard Office. Deputy Deschamp stated that pursuant to the 
telephone call received from the U.S. Coast Guard, DROR was temporarily detained and 
interviewed by the U.S. Marshals Service. At the same time, a Personal History Data 
Sheet was also completed for DROR. In addition, Deputy Deschamp stated that he 
contacted FBI Special Agent Pete Licata in New Orleans, Louisiana before contacting 
FBI Special Agent who is assigned to the FBI Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) in 
Houston, Texas. Deputy Deschamp provided SS Davis a copy of theU.S. Marshals' 
Security Advisory Notice along with other related documents. 

U.S. Federal Protective Service New Orleans, LA 

1 1 1. On February 20, 2001, SS Davis and GS Myles met with U.S. Federal Protective 
Service (FPS) Supervisor Lieutenant Herbert Patterson at his office in the aforementioned 
Hale Boggs Federal Building. Lt. Patterson stated that his office did receive a general 
alert notice from the FPS's Headquarters' Office in Ft. Worth., Texas regarding suspicious 
activities around Federal buildings. No specific details regarding Israeli students were 
mentioned in the advisory. Lt. Patterson canvassed his office regarding suspicious 
activities around the Hale Boggs Federal Building and received negative responses. Lt. 
Patterson assured SS Davis and GS Myles that he would contact them at the DEA New 
Orleans Divisional Office if any information was obtained regarding the Israeli students. 

1 12. On March 21, 2001, the DEA Little Rock, Arkansas Residen t Office reported that 
an IRS S/A assigned to Little Rock was visited at his home on the night of March 20, 
2001. The IRS S/A identified the individual as Idan UNIKOVSKY, a W/M with DOB 7- 
22-79. Identification was made via an Israeli passport number not obtained. 
UNIKOVSKY stated he was part of a group of 8 Israeli art students who are attending the 
University of Jerusalem. They have been in Memphis, TN and Baton Rouge, LA. He 
identified their "Team Leader" as Sharon RATZADY, (NFI), After the IRS S/A 
identified himself to UNIKOVSKY as a federal agent, UNIKOVSKY asked if he could 
take a picture of himself with the Agent, to show his friends that he had met a U.S. 
federal agent. The IRS agent refused, and sent him on his way. 

New York Division 

113. On September 24, 1999, a Senior Investigator of Task Force Group T-l 1 two 
suspicious Israeli Nationala parked outside the New York Divisional Office in a white 
Chevrolet van. The two subjects were identified as Yaniv Shem TOV (DOB 06/02/74) 
and Sahlev DOR (DOB 08/08/77). N ADDIS andNCIC checks were negative, 



33 



Newark Division 

1 14. No response. 
Philadelphia Division 

115. There have been no reports of suspicious activities by Israeli art students occurring 
at DEA facilities or at the residences of any DEA Employee under the Philadelphia 
Division. 



Phoenix Division 

116. On February 28, 2001, at approximately 3:15 p.m., a white male identified as Travis 
Wayne SMITH, (DOB 1 1/09/74, U.S. Citizen), went to the Asset Forfeiture Unit located 
on the second floor of the Phoenix Division, to sell framed painting and posters. SMITH 
stated he had just come from the U.S. Customs office and sold artwork to a gentleman 
that was re-doing his office. SMITH also stated he had visited other floors and tenants in 
the building and sold artwork to them. An Investigative Assistant contacted Asset 
Forfeiture Unit's Task Force Agents regarding the unauthorized solicitor. The Task Force 
Agents asked SMITH for identification. SMITH wanted to know why he was being asked 
for ID and he was told because he was a suspicious person. Phoenix Police Department 
and Identification Bureau records revealed SMITH had two outstanding misdemeanor 
traffic warrants for driving on a suspended license. SMITH was booked into the Madison 
Street Jail. SMITH has FBI No. 530083DB8 (Assault - Domestic Violence). On the same 
day, the Task Force Agents checked SMITH'S residence, 615 S. Hardy, #210, Tempe, 
Arizona, and found that he is in fact renting that apartment. A search of SMITH'S vehicle 
revealed it was rented from Enterprise Rental Car in Albuquerque, New Mexico. SMITH 
had a Washington State driver's license, but was born in Utah. On March 1, 2001, the 
Task Force Agents went to SMITH'S place of employment, Sun City Designs, 7662 Gray 
Rd., #105, Scottsdale, Arizona, and contacted the branch manager Ramon ESTRADA 
(H/M, DOB 07/26/63). ESTRADA said he has known SMI TH for three years while 
working for the company. ESTRADA claimed that his business offers incentives for sales 
people to sell framed artwork to commercial businesses. ESTRADA also claimed that the 
business provides the artwork to the sales people and takes a percentage of the sales. 

1 17. A NCIC triple "I" check revealed that the Los Angeles Sheriffs Office arrested 
Ramon ESTRADA in December 1982 for "processing marijuana for sale". ESTRADA 
was arrested in May 1995 for "transport/sell narcotics" by the Los Angeles Police Dept. 
and again in July 1995 by the Lake Tahoe, CA Police Dept. for "transport/sell narcotics," 
and "adult giving minor narcotics." ESTRADA was arrested in August 1995 by King 
County, Washington Sheriffs Office for "domestic violence." ESTRADA'S FBI No. 
76435FAO, CASID No. CA07401218 and WASID No. WA17692473. 

San Diego Division 

1 18. A number of San Diego Field Division employees, including the Southwest 



34 



Laboratory, (for incidents at the Southwest Lab see Laboratories), and the Carlsbad 
Resident Office, reported attempts to sell artwork by Israeli students. The description of 
one Israeli female is, early 20's, 57", light complexion, thin build, 110 lbs. Another 
Israeli female is described as 5'4", dark brown hair, 130 lbs., and both are considered very 
attractive. There is no description for the Israeli male involved. All of the students 
claimed they were in the country to open their own art gallery in San Diego. ISP has not 
received a detailed report of the incidents. 

119. The San Diego Division is currently working with the FBI, Department of State, and 
CIA personnel on advancing this investigation. Five names were retrieved from DEA and 
FBI sources and ran through INS. There were hits on three Israeli individuals who 
entered the U.S. on non-immigrant tourist visas. A license plate was also found belonging 
to a 1997 Chevy van that the students were seen in. The registration belongs to Yaniv 
Zacoravich GILOR. GILOR has rented hotel rooms and seems to be the leader of the 
group. 

San Francisco Division 

120. A young brown haired woman claiming to be from San Francisco College selling 
artwork contacted the wife of a Special Agent at home in mid January 2001. The young 
woman was observed contacting two of the Special Agent's neighbors. 

121. Approximately one year ago, a Group Supervisor from the Sacramento, California 
Resident Office purchased a painting from a female identified as Hagit GROSS (DOB 
09/30/78), Israeli passport #51 1 1696. 

122. A Special Agent of the Fresno, California Resident Office was approached at his 
home by a female identifying herself as an Israeli art student selling artwork. 

123. On January 4, 2001, two Special Agents were conducting surveillance at a shopping 
center in East Palo Alto, California. A brown haired female, 18-21 yoa, 5'4", 140 lbs., 
approached the agents. She was carrying a brown portfolio and identified herself as an 
Israeli exchange student selling art to earn money. The agents declined and then observed 
the female approach another individual in the parking lot. 

Seattle Division 

124. There have been no reports of suspicious activities by Israeli art students occurring 
at DEA facilities or at the residences of any DEA Employee under the Seattle Division. 

125. On December 12, 2000, Shay ASHKENAZI, male, Israeli, DOB: 1 1-12-74, Israeli 
Passport number 6847902, arrived at the SEA TAC International Airport via Northwest 
Airlines flight 33 from Tel Aviv, Israel. He was referred for secondary inspection by the 
I&NS Inspectors. As reported by I&NS Intelligence officer Omar N. Nuri, ASHKENAZI 
stated he was a former Israeli intelligence officer, and was now traveling to "enjoy life". 
He claimed to have been in the U.S. in April 2000, when he was involved in a car 



35 



accident in South Carolina. The purpose of this trip was to finalize the case with his 
attorney and to receive medical treatment. ASHKEHAZI volunteered information that a 
fraud scheme involving Israeli nationals was taking place in the U.S. He stated that young 
male and female Israelis are being recruited in Israel to enter the U.S. with B-l/B-2 
tourist visas and be employed as door-to-door salesmen of paintings that are shipped to 
the U.S. from Israel. He claimed that one of the individuals involved in this is "Mikaeel" 
(sic) and is present in Texas operating this business. (See above paragraphs regarding 
Michael CALMANOVIC). He stated the Israelis usually operate in Texas, New York, 
Atlanta, Georgia, Washington, and possibly other states. ASHKEHAZI stated another 
person involved in this is "GERUD" (LNU), residing at 27461-150th Avenue SE, Kent, 
WA 98402 with telephone 253-638-8143. ASHKEHAZI was admitted into the U.S. 
following the inspection. 

St. Louis Division 

126. In early February 2001, G/S James Dunne was contacted at his home by a young 
woman offering to sell original watercolor paintings. The woman was approximately 25 
years of age and spoke with a Middle Eastern accent. G/S Dunne informed the woman he 
was not interested. She left and proceeded to a neighbor's home. G/S Dunne said this type 
of incident is uncommon in his neighborhood. 

127. On March 1, 2001, one male and one female purporting to be Israeli art students 
visited the home of a Special Agent from the Kansas City District Office. This Special 
Agent was TDY in Pittsburgh when this incident occurred. The two subjects made 
contact with the Special Agent's wife. The students were described as clean cut, 22 - 23 
years of age, with a slight Middle Eastern appearance. They were carrying a large black 
portfolio and showed the Specia Agent's wife a painting of a church. The Special Agent's 
wife told the students she was not interested and the students departed. No vehicle was 
observed. When the Special Agent returned on March 5, 2001, he canvassed his 
neighborhood and found that the students had contacted some of his neighbors. One 
neighbor told the agent that the students claimed they were from the University of 
Jerusalem. None of the Special Agents neighbors are in the law enforcement field. 

128. On Wednesday April 4, 2001, an Israeli male subject entered the public lobby of the 
building housing the St. Louis Division Office carrying a portfolio of paintings. A DEA 
employee happened to be passing through the lobby at that time and asked the subject 
where he was going. The subject was uncertain, and was told to leave the premises. The 
employee then informed ASAC II of the situation and several Agents were sent to 
interview the subject. 

129. During the interview the subject was identified as Or ALROEI, DOB 8/8/78, Israeli 
passport # 6679687, Israeli drivers license # 6800268. The Agents also obtained flight 
information from ALROEI indicating that he flew into St. Louis on 3/28/01 on Lufthansa 
Airlines flight number LH691. A small piece of paper in ALROEI's wallet had a 
handwritten telephone number of 214-882-5196. (Note; this is one of the Nextel 
telephones obtained by Michael CALMANOVIC, see above.) ALROEI was very nervous 



36 



and gave several conflicting statements about showing the artwork but not selling it. 
ALROEI was advised not to solicit the building, and sent on his way. (See Paragraphs 
#51 and 52 above.) ALROEI was subsequently arrested by I&NS. 

Washington D.C. Division 

130. On March 5, 2001, a Richmond area ATF Agent and FBI Agent were solicited at 
their homes by two females claiming to be Israeli art students. 

131. On March 12 2001, a Richmond, Virginia District Office Special Agent observed 
Eran KEDEM trying to open the north side entrance to the Richmond D.O. The Special 
Agent inquired as to KEDEM's business. KEDEM told the Special Agent that he was an 
Israeli art student who was selling paintings. The Special Ageat alerted his Acting Group 
Supervisor who invited KEDEM into the office where KEDEM was interviewed. 
KEDEM was interviewed by the S/A and A/GS and later by a Henrico County Business 
Inspector. KEDEM presented a Florida State driver's license and an Israeli driver's 
license. KEDEM told the agents he did not have a passport with him. KEDEM provided 
the following information: 

132. KEDEM is an Israeli citizen who came to the United States with a group whose 
intention is to sell artwork. KEDEM arrived in the country during November 2000 in 
Miami, FL, via Mexico. KEDEM has visited several east coast cities including Miami, 
FL, Plantation, FL, and Atlanta, GA. KEDEM has been in Richmond, VA for about one 
week. KEDEM was in the company of five other Israeli nationals in the Richmond area, 
They are females; Limor PERLAS, Shiri ASE, Orit KEMETCH, and Shmrt MER and a 
male; Kobi BOUZAGLO. ASE is one of the females who solicited at the home of a local 
ATF Agent. The group is lodging at the Econo Lodge located at 6523 Midlothian 
Turnpike, Richmond, VA. KEDEM plans on leaving Richmond on Tuesday 3/13/01, via 
a flight from Newport News, VA, to Miami, FL. KEDEM will remain in Miami for a few 
days until returning to Israel via a flight out of New York City. KEDEM said he did not 
realize that he was soliciting at a U.S. Government office and said that he had no 
knowledge of the locations of any U.S. Government offices in the area. KEDEM also 
stated he did not have any knowledge of the addresses of any government employees in 
the area. KEDEM traveled in a van bearing Florida license plate #M31FHI. KEDEM 
reported that Kobi BOUZAGLO (his boss) had a cellular phone number of 1-888-321- 
6213, During the interview, the local ATF, FBI, INS, Henrico County Police Dept., and 
the Henrico County Business Inspections Dept. were notified. A Henrico County 
Business Inspections office supervisor responded. The supervisor informed KEDEM that 
he was in misdemeanor violation of law and that he would have to appear in front of a 
local magistrate. At the request of the HCBI supervisor, KEDEM was transported to the 
Henrico County Court where KEDEM was taken before a magistrate. The Richmond 
D.O. obtained photographs and fingerprints of KEDEM. I&NS verified that KEDEM 
entered the country as a visitor on 1 1/25/00 in Miami, Fl, via Mexicana Airlines and that 
he was allowed to stay until May 24, 2001. However, he had no permission to work or 
solicit business in. the U.S. 



37 



133. The morning of April 10, 2001, at approximately. 8:52 a.m. anindividual entered 
Washington, D.C. DEA Field Division building at 801 I Street NW, Washington, DC and 
inquired as to the agencies and occupants housed in the building. This individual was 
probing for information. The guard informed the individual that the information was not 
to be given out. The individual was still insistent about the building occupants, which 
includes not only DEA, but I&NS and Veteran Affairs. The Justice Protective Guard 
asked for ID, but the individual refused to show any. He was asked to leave. He appeared 
ready to write the information in a black portfolio he was carrying. The Federal 
Protective Service was notified by the guard service at 9:21 a.m. The individual was a 
white male, approximately 5'4" in height, weighed approximately 185 lbs, had gray hair, 
with a receding hairline, wearing, a grayish shirt, gray slacks and a black windbreaker. 

Special Operations Division 

The Office of Investigative Technology has provided the following information: 

134. On Monday 3/19/2001 S/A Jeffrey Behrmann's wife notified ST Unit Chief Louis 
Palombella of an incident, which occurred at the Behrmann [not redacted] home the 
previous evening. S/A Palombella and S/A Howard Oberst interviewed Mrs. Behrmann 
at her home on Monday afternoon regarding the incident. Mrs. Behrmann related the 
following information to the Agents. 

135. On Sunday evening March 18, 2001, about. 8: 00 PM an individual she described as a 
White male, 5'6 to 57 with medium dark complexion, dark curly hair, dark eyes, and a 
prominent nose came to her front door. The individual was wearing dark clothing and 
spoke with an accent, which she believed to be of Middle Eastern origin. The individual 
purported himself to be an Israeli Art Student, and attempted to sell Mrs. Behrmann 
pictures or paintings. Mrs. Behrmann noted that he had what appeared to be a small table 
or object leaning against his side. Mrs. Behrmann had virtually no dialog with the 
individual except to tell him she was not interested and immediately closed the door. Mrs. 
Behrmann did not see what if any vehicle the individual was driving, but did see a white 
van drive by her house, and make a "U' turn down the street a short time later. Mrs. 
Behrmann called the Spotsylvania County Sheriffs office to report the incident on a non- 
emergency line, and noted that a marked police car made a tour of the neighborhood 
about 20 minutes after the incident occurred. 

136. During the interview the agents showed Mrs. Behrmann the photographs of the 
individuals who have been included in the Security Alert bulletin. Mrs. Behrmann picked 
out the picture of Ohad AHARON as possibly being the same person who had come to 
her front door. 

137. Following the interview with Mrs. Behrmann, the agents met with Lt. E. K. 
Lunsford of the Spotsylvania County Sheriffs Department. During the meeting the agents 
informed the Lieutenant of the incident at the residence, and of the DEA security alert 
issued by the Miami Field Division. The agents requested that the Lieutenant brief the 
officers assigned to the area where the home was located and to provide extra patrol in 
that area at least until S/A Behrmann returned home from assignment. 



38 



138. On April 11, 2001 at approximately 5:00pm, Senior Inspector Larry Loveless was 
notified by Deputy Assistant Administrator John Sheridan, ST, that two Israeli art 
students were at a shopping center in Fredericksburg, Va. The two had visited the store 
owned by an employee at ST. S/I Loveless contacted Virginia ABC Special Agent Carter 
Wells who contacted the Fredericksburg Police Department for assistance. S/A Wells and 
Officer Ed Medina, FPD, responded to the Gateway Village Shopping center, located on 
Plank Road (Route 3), Fredericksburg, VA. They approached two females who were 
inside a coffee shop in the shopping center. The females were identified as Yael 
GAVISH and Meirav BALHAMS. They were carrying a homemade portfolio, with 
several paintings. 

139. GAVISH presented Israeli passport number 5013766, issued 12/03/92. The passport 
had been renewed twice, with the current expiration shown as March 12, 2002. S/A Wells 
obtained color photocopies of pertinent pages of her passport, which were provided to S/I 
Loveless [not redacted]. She was described as a W/F, DOB: October 03, 1978, long dark 
brown hair. GAVISH spoke very little English. GAVISH was issued a U.S. class Bl/B-2 
visa at Tel Aviv on July 04, 2000. Visa Control Number 20001818940002, foil number 
35995526. The visa page contains two (2) US I&NS entry stamps; one dated Sep. 15, 
2000 New York, and the other dated Mar 09, 2001, New York. Other entries reflected in 
the passport are as follows: 

4-12-92 Kenya Immigration (entry) stamp and visa 

4-28-92 Kenya Exit Stamp 

4-28-92 Israel Entry Stamp 

4-31-92 Israel Exit Stamp 

8-13-95 Israel Entry Stamp 

8-17-95 Taba Border Control entry (Israel) 

07-25-96 Haifa Border Control exit (Israel) 

07- 27-96 ? pireas 

08- 07-96 ? same as above athina 

07-07-97 Cyprus entry as visitor, max stay until 7-21-97 
7-12-97 Cyprus exit 
7-13-97 Israel entry 

7- 08-98 Israel Entry Stamp MA 

8- 28-99 Israel exit 

8- 28-99 Amsterdam 

09- 01-99 Amsterdam (?) 
09-01-99 Israel entry 

199? Arabic ? unknown (2 stamps entry and exit?) 

Undated Brazil 

03-03-2000 Israel exit 

03-10-2000 Amsterdam unknown 

03-10-2000 Israel entry 

09-15-2000 Israel exit 

09-15-2000 U.S. (New York) entry B-l/B-2 Visa issued 7-5-2000 
09-20-2000 Mexico entry 



39 



10- 


-13- 


-2000 


Mexico exit 


10- 


-13- 


-2000 


Guatemala entry 


11- 


-18- 


-2000 


Aeronuerto Tuan Santamaria Entrv Stamn 


12- 


-08- 


-2000 


Panama entry 


12- 


-08- 


-2000 


Cosa Rica exit with postage type stamp 


12- 


-11- 


-2000 


? Spanish language entry 


12- 


■11- 


-2000 


Panama exit 


12- 


■13- 


-2000 


Bogota, Colombia entry 


02- 


-05- 


-2001 


Bogota, Colombia exit 


02- 


-05- 


-2001 


? Spanish language visa or immigration stamp 


03- 


-09- 


-2001 


U.S. (New York) entry 



140. BALHAMS presented a New York State identification card, number 140-614-039, 
issued March 02, 2000. The card lists her DOB as October 31, 1978, with an address of 
354 PTERSN PLNK RD I (Paterson Plank Road) Jersey City, NJ 07650. She is described 
as a W/F 5 '03" brown eyes and brown hair. BALHAMS spoke very good English, and 
was the leader of these two individuals. 

141. The girls approached a shopkeeper in the shopping center and stated they were art 
students from a school in New York, and were traveling across the country selling their 
artworks. They had several unframed oil paintings, which they were selling for $130 
each. The shopkeeper asked if he could contact them later to purchase paintings, and they 
replied no, and could not provide a telephone number for him to call. They left the shop, 
and were seen going to other shops in the area. 

142. When interviewed by the FPD, the girls stated they had been dropped off at the 
shopping center, and would be picked up later. FPD obtained Polaroid photos of the two 
girls. They were then observed going to a local restaurant, where they sat and waited. At 
approximately 6:30 pm, a W/M, late 20's, dark hair, wearing bright orange pants met with 
the girls inside the restaurant. The W/M then left on foot, and was followed several 
blocks until he entered a maroon colored Ford Van. The shop owner advised that the van 
circled the shopping center lot for 15 to 20 minutes. The shop owner stated the van had 
NY tags. 

Office of Training 

143. There have been no reports of suspicious activities by Israeli art students occurring 
at DEA facilities or at the residences of any DEA Employee at the Office of Training. 
El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC) 

144. There have been no reports of suspicious activities by Israeli art students occurring 
at DEA facilities or at the residences of any DEA Employee at the El Paso Intelligence 
Center. 



40 



Office of Aviation Operations 



145. In September 2000, two males who attempted to sell him artwork approached a 
Supervisory Special Agent/Pilot at his residence. Approximately two weeks ago, the 
SSA/P noticed two males selling artwork in his neighborhood. The Special Agent's 
residence is located in Plantation, Florida. 

146. On February 1, 2001, one male, approximately 21 yoa, sold some artwork to a 
Special Agent/Pilot at his residence located in San Francisco, California. The SA/P wrote 
a check to Rony SHLOMO in the amount of $125.00. 

147. On February 8, 2001, a male, approximately 25 yoa, attempted to sell a Special 
Agent some artwork at her residence in Northeast Albuquerque, New Mexico. 

148. On February 12, 2001, a Special Agent was approached at his residence by a male, 
19-21 yoa that attempted to sell her artwork. The Special Agent's residence is located in 
Miami, Florida. 

149. In late January or early February 2001, two people attempted to sell some artwork to 
a Raytheon Aerospace Support Services Contract Employee at his residence, The 
employee's residence is located in Arlington, Texas. 

Laboratories 

North Central Lab - Chicago, Illinois 

150. There have been no reports of suspicious activities by Israeli art students occurring 
at DEA facilities or at the residences of any DEA Employee at the North Central 
Laboratory. 

Mid Atlantic Lab - Washington, D.C. 

151. There have been no reports of suspicious activities by Israeli art students occurring 
at DEA facilities or at the residences of any DEA Employee at the Mid Atlantic 
Laboratory. 

Western Lab - San Francisco, California 

152. There have been no reports of suspicious activities by Israeli art students occurring 
at DEA facilities or at the residences of any DEA Employee at the Western Laboratory. 

Southwest Lab - National City, California 

153. On September 18, 2000, a female Israeli art student approached a Security Guard. At 
the same time, the Southwest Laboratory Director was in the lobby speaking with a 
contractor. The female approached the Lab Director and asked him to look at some 



41 



paintings. The Lab Director declined and she proceeded to ask him his opinion of the 
paintings. The female stated that she is a student and works at a studio in La Jolla, 
California. A few weeks later a male of Middle Eastern decent visited the Southwest Lab 
selling artwork and spoke to the same Security Guard. The Security Guard noted that the 
male spoke with the same accent as the female who had visited the lab prieviously. The 
male left the building without speaking to anyone else. 

154. The Lab Director also had an encounter at his residence, date unknown. One male 
and one female with oil paintings visited the Lab Director's home and wanted to show 
some paintings. The Lab Director informed the male and female that he was not 
interested and they left. 

155. At approximately 7:40 PM on Thursday, May 31, 2001, an Israeli Art Student came 
to the residence of Forensic Chemist William R. Dietz. He had a large black portfolio 
containing artistic pictures. He stated he was from Israel and wanted to know if Dietz 
would be interested in purchasing some paintings. Dietz asked him to repeat where he 
was from and he said Israel. When Dietz asked where he went to school, he said it was a 
school in Israel. When Dietz asked for the name of the school he avoided answering the 
question by saying he (Dietz) wouldn't know it. 

156. Dietz told him that he didn't have time to speak with him further because he was 
busy, but asked him if he could provide a business card. He said he did not have one. It 
also appeared that he did not possess any other form of identification or permit to sell 
items door-to-door. Dietz was able to ask the Israeli his name. He stated it was Gar, or 
something close to that. The man was approximately 5'8"-5'10" tall; short curly brown 
hair; tan complexion; and wore an orange T-shirt containing some sort of design and/or 
words. 

157. Dietz's wife stated that she had seen the man coming from the house next door, but 
the timing of his departure from that house was so quick that there was either no response 
or he did not even follow through with his visit. Then walked to the other side of the 
street and away from the house down the street that was perpendicular to the Dietz's 
house. This street has many cul-de-sacs off of it, but the man never walked down any of 
them. He merely walked to the end of the street and turned the corner. He was not seen at 
that time getting into a car. 

158. At approximately 8:15 PM that same evening, Dietz had to drive to the store. As 
Dietz drove down his street, a small blue car (license plate no. 3WAE681) pulled in front 
and was being driven by a male that appeared to be similar to the man. The car made 
several turns within the neighborhood, and eventually picked up a female. The blue car's 
sporadic driving lead to believe that the driver did not have a clear understanding of 
where it was to pick up the female passenger and may have even been searching for her. 



42 



Northeast Lab - New York, New York 

159. There have been no reports of suspicious activities by Israeli art students occurring it 
DEA facilities or at the residences of any DEA Employee at the Northeast Laboratory. 

Southeast Lab - Miami, Florida 

160. Sometime between August and October 2000, a male described as 5'8", black hair, 
tan complexion, possibly Middle Eastern decent, visited the home of a Forensic Chemist. 
The male claimed he was an Israeli art student selling art work. The Chemist declined to 
purchase any of the artwork and the student went on his way. 

161. Sometime between August and October 2000, a male described as 5'8", dark 
complexion, possibly of Middle Eastern decent visited the home of another Forensic 
Chemist. The young man asked the Chemist if he had ever heard of his art school in 
Israel (name unknown). The Chemist responded negatively and the student began to 
show the Chemist some paintings. The student entered the home, used the restroom, and 
proceeded to discuss the sale of the paintings, The student advised that the paintings were 
not for sale, but used to generate interest and support for his school. The Chemist asked if 
there was a show or display somewhere that he could go to look at these paintings. The 
student said no and then agreed to sell the Chemist the painting he wanted. The student 
offered a discount price if the Chemist purchased more than one. The Chemist purchased 
one painting and then showed the student out. 

162. On January 21, 2001, a young man carrying a portfolio of paintings visited the home 
of a Security Specialist. The young man introduced himself as an Israeli art student 
selling artwork from his school in Israel. The Security Specialist advised the student that 
he was not interested and the student left. 

163. On February 7, 2001, Inbar KOCHAVI, an Israeli National attempted solicitation at 
the Southeast Laboratory. KOCHAVI was escorted out of the building. KOCHAVI was 
later located in an adjacent federal occupied building. A Special Agent, Federal 
Protective Service Officers and the Southeast Lab Security Specialist identified 
KOCHAVI as an Israeli art student visiting the U.S. for the first time. Apparently, she is 
staying with her friend Rani DRORE. KOCHAVI also stated DRORE is a 27-year-old 
male living in the Kendall, Florida area. KOCHAVI initially stated she was selling the 
artwork and utilizing the monies for scholarships. Later, she revealed that she wasn't 
selling the paintings, but presenting them to people and businesses in the U.S. for the 
purpose of promoting the art students in Israel. KOCHAVI could not spell the name of 
the school, but wrote out "Bezalel," located in Jerusalem. KOCHAVI also revealed that 
she served time in the Israeli military as a secretary (A FPS Officer explained that all 
Israeli adults serve two years in the military upon reaching the age of 18). She claimed 
she is currently employed as a waitress at a restaurant called "Yotveta" in the city of 
"Hertzlia." KOCHAVI stated that she arrived in Miami, Florida either Friday, February 2, 
2001, or Saturday, February 3, 2001. She stated she flew from Ben Gurion Airport in 
Israel to New York, and then to Miami. KOCHAVI'S passport has a U.S. Immigration 



43 



stamp that indicates she landed in New York on December 31, 2000. KOCHAVI was 
asked about her transportation to and from the area and she stated her friend DRORE was 
dropping her off and picking her up. DRORE was expected to pick KOCHAVI up in a 
white van. KOCHAVI was asked about the names of others of fellow students that might 
be involved in the artwork promotion. She claimed there might be students like herself in 
the U.S., but she was not aware of this activity in other foreign nations. KOCHAVI 
provided Israeli passport #767473 1 . KOCHAVI was released and observed entering a 
blue van with Florida license plate #IA336J. The registration revealed the van to be 
owned by Legum YOCHAI of 13753 SW 90th Ave., Miami, Florida 33 176 

164. On the evening of February 18, 2001, two subjects visited the residence of a 
Forensic Chemist. The two subjects were identified as one male, 21-25 yoa, 6'0", 185 
lbs., dark hair, close cut, neat appearance, and one female, 21-25 yoa, 5'6", 140 lbs brown 
hair just past the shoulders with a slight perm, neat appearance. The two subjects politely 
identified themselves as Israeli art students selling artwork. The Chemist informed the 
students he was not interested. He did ask them for a business card, but they could not 
provide one. Upon their departure, the Chemist observed the two subjects visit the other 
units in his building. The Chemist believes one resident purchased a painting. 

South Central Laboratory - Dallas, Texas 

165. In December of 2000, an Israeli art student by the name of Cohen MEYTAL was 
observed by a DEA employee sitting on the western street curb of the Dallas Divisional 
Office selling artwork. The student claimed that a group of Israeli art students (about 20) 
would paint works of art and sell them at local places of business. The employee 
purchased a painting and was offered to have it framed by an acquaintance of the Israeli 
group. The check was made out to Cohen MEYTAL and mailed to the following address: 

Cohen Meytal 
c/o Calmanovic 
3575 N. Beltline Road 
P.O. Box 316 
Irving, Texas 75062 

166. Another DEA employee purchased a painting from the same Israel art student for 
$135.00. The employee paid by check and the student informed the employee that a 
framer would be in touch with him. On December 15, 2000, a man named Rosie SISSO 
framed the picture from the back of a panel van in a parking lot next to DEA's property. 
There were two men in the van; however, the employee only dealt with one. The framer 
wanted to visit the employee's home to match the frame to his furnishing, but the 
employee declined. Later in January, a Forensic Chemist informed the employee that an 
artist associated with the first incident wanted to talk with him in the DEA from parking 
lot. The artist wanted to sell more paintings and the employee told him he would canvas 
the building and let him know around 4:00 or 5:00 p.m. At 5:00 p.m., the employee told 
the artist no one was interested and the artist left. 



44 



167. In January 2001, another employee was approached at his home by two Israeli art 
students, one male and one female. The students stated they were selling their artwork for 
profit. The employee explained that he was not interested. The employee canvassed his 
neighbors and found that one of his neighbors purchased a painting from the students. 
The Lab Security Officer advised the employee to try and obtain a copy of the cancelled 
check from his neighbor. A copy of the check has not been obtained yet. 

168. Sometime in the first part of January, an employee was jogging and noticed two 
guys selling artwork door to door. The employee approached the two men and asked 
where they were from. The two men stated they were from Israel. The employee did not 
make a purchase. The employee observed the two men visit another home, 

169. On March 4, 2001, a DEA Chemist was approached at his home by an Israeli art 
student selling her paintings. The Chemist gave her his phone number and asked her to 
contact the Security Officer at his office on Monday, March 5, 2001. On March 5, 2001, 
at approximately 3:00 p.m., the same student contacted the Security Officer, via 
telephone. The student said her name was Elsa, but refused to relinquish her last name. 
Elsa claimed she is with a group of twenty art students from Israel traveling and 
promoting their artwork. Elsa produced a tourist visa. The Security Officer asked Elsa for 
a call back number. Elsa said she was staying with friends and then abruptly hung up the 
phone. 

Tegucigalpa Country Office 

170. On February 28, 2001, a couple attempted to sell at the residence of the Tegucigalpa 
Country Attache. His neighbors advised the Country Attache that a man and a woman in 
a red car were trying to open the CA's gate. The neighbors asked the couple what they 
wanted and advised them that no one was home. The couple left the area. No 
identification information was revealed. 

United States Environmental Protection Agency Incident 

171. On March 1, 2001, a female went to the residence of an EPA Special Agent. She 
stated she was showing art painted by international students, which will be for sale soon 
at an art gallery opening soon, late March or April 2001, at a Cherry Creek location in 
Denver, CO. The EPA Agent told the female he was not interested in purchasing any 
artwork and she responded she was not selling the paintings, but trying to generate 
interest so people would visit the art gallery when it opened. She stood at the agent's 
doorway and showed the agent, his wife and daughter approximately ten paintings. The 
agent asked the female if the gallery would be opening at the Cherry Creek Mall. The 
female stated she did not think so, but that it would be at a location near the mall. The 
female was described as 5'4", black hair, dark eyes, wore glasses and a long black wool 
coat. She appeared to be in her mid 20's, spoke excellent English with a slight foreign 
accent. On March 16, 2001, the EPA Agent was informed by EPA-OIG that a security 
alert where "Israeli" art students are purportedly going to the residences of Federal Law 



45 



Enforcement Agents around the country under the ruse of selling art. On the same date, 
the EPA Agent contacted art galleries, the Cherry Creek Chamber of Commerce, and 
Cherry Creek North, Inc., to determine if a new art gallery was going to open in the 
Cherry Creek area. All responded negatively, and said they never heard of a group of 
international students trying to open a gallery. 

172. On March 16, 17, and 18, 2001, the EPA Agent spoke with several of his neighbors 
and determined the following information: The female described in the above incident 
and a male, dark skin, mid 20's contacted neighbor's houses within two blocks around the 
agent's residence. Both of them identified themselves as Israeli art students. No other 
houses in the neighborhood, or in neighborhoods next to the agent's were contacted. On 
March 17, 2001, the EPA Agent spoke with his uncle who was at the agent's residence in 
the afternoon on March 1, 2001. The agent's uncle stated that he was talking to a 
construction worker next door to the agent's residence when a female with long black hair 
and olive colored skin, mid 20's, drove up to the agent's residence and took pictures of his 
house. The female only took photos of the agent's residence and then let the area in a late 
model sedan, silver in color. She left quickly and no license plate information was 
obtained. 

173. A neighbor of the EPA Agent was visited by the male and female and bought 
paintings. The check to the male was made out to Odfd WEISFELNER. The check to the 
female was made out to Guy KEDEM. The female left a business card stating EAG-Guy 
Kedem, European Art Group, Oil Paintings; Phone number (720) 581-7076; Fax number 
(303) 336-7006. On March 19, 2001, the EPA Agent contacted Quest Security to obtain 
information on these numbers. The (720) number is unlisted and the (303) number is a 
fax. number for Heritage Creek Apartments, 650 South Dahlia Circle, Denver, Colorado. 
FPS Information 

174. Santa Ana FPS reported to that while at the Starbucks drinking coffee after business 
hours last week, one of them overheard 2 Middle Easterners sitting outside talking in 
Arabic, making reference to our building and apparently making diagrams of our building 
and discussing explosives. Local police were notified. 

Tinker Air Force Base 

175. On April 30,2001, an Air Force alert was issued from Tinker Air Force (TAFB), in 
Oklahoma City concerning a "possible intelligence collection effort being conducted by 
Israeli Art Students". On May 16, 2001, U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations 
(OSI), TAFB, and the Midwest City Police Department (MCPD), requested assistance 
from I&NS Oklahoma City to a location in Midwest City, OK It was indicated that four 
(4) individuals from Israel had been encountered by the MCPD attempting to sell art in 
the Midwest City area. 

176. On May 17th, four (4) Israeli art students were reported in the Midwest City, OK 
area. They stated they were there "to present and promote" Israeli art. MCPD located and 
detained the 4 individuals, all whom were in violation of their visas. Their vehicle was 



46 



obtained also. The four were identified as: 



Name DOB 
YaronOHANA 02-04-78 
Ronen KALFON 04-13-76 
Zeev COHEN 03-26-78 
Naor TOPAZ 06-08-77 



POB 



Israeli Passport # US Visa # 



Haifa, Israel 
Haifa, Israel 
Haifa, Israel 
Haifa, Israel 



8421721 42252049 

8168262 35966019 

5524033 33331965 

8081705 33306515 



All 4 were charged with violating the status of their visas — to wit selling art, and were 
booked into the Oklahoma City jail by I&NS. All 4 requested voluntary departure. Bond 
was initially set at $25,000 for each. All 4 had in their possession, pre-purchased return 
airfare to Bangkok, Thailand. FBI OKC requested that the "Students" be held for 
debrief/ interview . 

177. While booking, a personal check was found secreted between the buttocks of Ronen 
KALFON. Additionally, in the personal effects of Naor TOPAZ a number of uncashed 
checks were obtained, several post-dated to future dates. 

Volk Field Air National Guard Base, Camp Douglas, Wisconsin 

178. On Saturday, May 19, 2001, at approximately 3:10 pm, two Israeli Nationals 
requested permission to visit a museum located at Volk Field, ANG Base. Approximately 
ten minutes after being allowed on the base, the two were seen on an active runway, 
taking photographs. The individuals were identified as Tsvi WATERMANN, white male, 
DOB: June 7, 1979, Address: Pri Megadim 36 Mevaseret Zion, Israel, Israeli Passport 
5728101 expiration date July 20, 2002, U.S. visa class B1/B2 expiration date March 20, 
201 1, and Gal KANTOR, white, male, DOB: Sep 08, 1975, Address: Kibbuts Ellon MP 
Western Galilee, Israel 22845, Israeli Passport 9 8261507 expiration date of Oct 20, 
2004, U.S. B1/B2 visa, control number 19993358160012, expiration date of Nov 30, 
2009. WATERMANN was also in possession of an Israeli Ministry of Transport driver's 
license, number 7046942, which reflects his first name spelled as "Zvi". 

179. KANTOR was driving a 2001 green Ford Mustang, bearing Illinois tags SEU-760, 
which was rented from Hertz Car Rental at O'Hare Airport in Chicago, IL. A search of 
the car revealed cameras and exposed film. The film was developed, and one picture 
depicted WATERMANN in the car on the runway. There were no photos of any aircraft. 

180. WATERMANN, and KANTOR were released to the Juneau County Sheriffs 
Department and charged with misdemeanor trespass. They were subsequently released 
after fine of $210 each. 

181. During interviews, they stated that they were traveling from Chicago, IL to Duluth, 
MN, stopping enroute to visit a friend in Cold Springs, MN. They stated they stopped at 
Volk Field only to visit the museum. WATERMANN stated he was recently discharged 
from the Israel military, and was taking a trip around the world, WATERMANN had in 
his possession airline tickets with the following itinerary: 



47 



April 1 1, 2001 Tel Aviv - Toronto 

April 15, 2001 Toronto - Newark 

April 19, 2001 Newark - Chicago 

Aug 01, 2001 Chicago - Las Vegas 

Aug 04, 2001 Las Vegas - San Francisco 

Aug 08, 2001 San Francisco - Los Angeles 

Aug 10, 2001 Los Angeles - Honolulu 

Aug 13, 2001 Honolulu - Sydney, Australia 

Jan 10, 2002 Sydney - Hong Kong 

Jan 17, 2002 Hong Kong - Frankfurt - Tel Aviv 

The ticket was issued by the Sititara Travel Agency in Jerusalem. The cost of the ticket' 
was $2,634 (U.S.). 

182. Both were asked if they were involved in the selling of art while in the U.S. 
KANTOR became very upset over this, and questioned why the were being asked about 
that. KANTOR stated he had been involved in that a long time ago, and had sold art 
recently while in Chicago. He stated he was involved in a program called "Shasheem", 
(NFI). Sgt. Kurt Moore of Volk Field stated that when asked about the art sales, that 
KANTOR's whole demeanor changed, and he then became uncooperative. Each asked to 
telephone the Israeli Embassy. 

INDEXING SECTION: 

1. BLAIN, Gat NADDIS negative, occupation: Israeli art student, sold painting to DEA 
employee in Dallas, TX on 01/04/2001 (Identified in paragraph 22) 

2. FREIDMAN, Shabar NADDIS - Negative driver's license (#6728447), ID 
(#033056433) 

3. AVRAHAM, Gerzon Ofir NADDIS - Negative. DOB (08/12177), Israel passport 
(#6315574), Israeli Ministries of Transport ID (#034193615) 

4. L.N.U., Shahar NADDIS - Negative 

5. BARAM, Lior NADDIS - Negative. Florida driver's license (#B650-520-76-047-0), 
10733 Cleary Blvd., #206, Plantation, Florida, 33324-0000, (DOB 02/07/76), 5*9", dark 
eyes and black hair 

6. COHEN, Hammutal NADDIS - Negative DOB (01/29/62), Israeli passport 
(#6077838), Immigration departure (#41060016307 02/12/01), 5*8", 145 lbs. 

7. RUBINSTEIN, Itay NADDIS - Negative DOB (01/17/79), US, visa (#39127358), date 
of entry 12/23/00, Israeli passport (#39127358) [sic, see visa], 6*0", 165 lbs. 

8. AHARON, Ohad NADDIS - Negative 



48 



9. SEGAL, Yafit N ADDIS - Negative 

10. TOV, Yaniv Sheni N ADDIS - Negative DOE (06/02/74) N ADDIS negative 

11. DOR, Sahlev N ADDIS - Negative DOB (08/08/77) N ADDIS negative 

12. GROSS, Hagit N ADDIS - Negative DOB (09/30/78), Israeli passport (#5 1 1 1696) 

13. SHLOMO, Rony N ADDIS - Negative approximately 21 yoa 

14. KOCHAVI, Inbar NADDIS - Negative Israeli passport (#7674731) 

15. DRORE, Rani NADDIS - Negative approximately 27 yoa 

16..YOCHAI, Legurn NADDIS - Negative 13 753 SO 90th Ave., Miami, Florida 33 176 

17. MEYTAL, Cohen NADDIS - Negative. Address: c/o Calmanovic, 3575 N. Beltline 
Rd„ P.0, Box 316, Irving, Texas 75062. Addressed used by Michael Calmanovic, 
identified below 

18. SISSO, Rosie NADDIS - Negative. 

19. BURKHOLDER, Seth Thomas NADDIS - Negative. 3329 Bartlett i6d., Orlando, 
Florida, 1995 white Nissan pickup bearing Florida license plate D36-TTQ. 

20. L.N.U., Elsa NADDIS - Negative. 

21. SMITH, Travis Wayne NADDIS - Negative, white male, DOB (1 1/09/74), FBI No. 
530083DBS (Assault - Domestic Violence) address: 615 S. Hardy, 4210, Tempe, Arizona 

22. ESTRADA, Ramon Hispanic male, NADDIS - Negative. DOB (07/26/63), arrested 
12/82 "processing marijuana for sale," 5/95 "transport/sell narcotics," 7/95 "transport/sell 
narcotics, adult giving minor narcotics, " 8/95 "domestic violence." FBI No. 7643 5FAG, 
CASID No. CA07401218, WASID No. WA17692473 

23. GILOR, Yaniv Zacoravich NADDIS - Negative, registered owner of a 1997 +y van in 
San Diego, CA 

24. MENDEL, Leviella NADDIS - Negative. 83 77 Tamar Drive, #37, Columbia, 
Maryland, DOB 10/29/75, Maryland driver's license #M-534-5 14-009-032, 57", 150 lbs. 
Additional inquiries revealed MENDEL has a new residential address, 4733 Haskell 
Ave., #46, Encino, California. 

25. SILVER, Danny NADDIS - Negative. (NFI) 



49 



The Tampa, Florida District Office identified the following individuals (#26-942): 

26. BENDALAK, Orit: NADDIS negative, DOB 10-28-78, WF, POB Israel, 57", 140 
lbs., brown hair, brown eyes. 

27. BEZALEL ACADEMY OF ARTS AND DESIGN: NADDIS negative, Jerusalem, 
01 1-972-2-589-3333, www.bezalel.ac.il. 

28. COHEN, Eli: NADDIS negative, 701 S. 21 Ave. #207, Hollywood, FL 33020, DOB 
1 1/04/1977, FL DL C500-200-77-404-0, State of Israel Ministry of Transport card 
number 03379722 

29. , HARARI, liana: NADDIS negative, W/F, DOB 4-29-79, 9-29-79, 2-9-79, 14 Jerico 
itolon Israel, attends University of Jerusalem, 5'3", 90 lbs., brown hair, blue eyes, tattoo 
of sun on right foot. 

30. KENDEL, Rachel: NADDIS negative, White/Female, State of Israel Ministry of 
Transport card number 7095201 and 034807727, Israeli passport number 6614254. 

31. KUZNITZ, Keren: NADDIS - Negative. 1818 E. Oakland Park Blvd. #98, Fort 
Lauderdale, FL 33306, DOB 02/09/1979, 5'5"; FL driver's license: K253-500-79-549-0, 
State of Israel Ministry of Transport card number 7121535 and 035721844. 

32. L.N.U, Nadav NADDIS - (NFI) 

33. L.N.U., Tom NADDIS - Negative. White, male. Address: Hollywood/Ft. Lauderdale, 
Florida. Reportedly sells artwork to Israeli art students. 

34. MARZIANO, Assaf or Asaf NADDIS negative, DOB 2-4-78, state of Israel Ministry 
of Transport # 034086959, passport #552306S, POB Israel, WM, 57", 150 lbs, 

35. MATATIA, Keren: NADDIS negative (NFI) 

36. OSHRA, Sussie: NADDIS negative. (NFI) 

37. SASSOON, Sarah Minna: NADDIS negative, 2916 Pierce St., 94, Hollywood, FL 
33020, DOB 11/8/1978, FL DL# S250-793-79-908-0. 

38. SELLA, Livnet: NADDIS necgative, DOB 12/24/1978, State of Israel Ministry of 
Transport number 7023400 and 036208023, International Student Idenitity card number 
S972-204-776-601. 

39. SERFATY, Hanan, aka Hanane SAL NADDIS negative, 4220 Sheridan St., #303, 
Hollywood, FL 33.021, and 701 S. 21 Ave., Hollywood, FL, DOB 06/03/1977, 6*, FL DL 
S6 13-320-77-203-0, registered owner of red mini-van FL tag # U71 DLD, phone number 
(954) 478-1006, cellular phone number (954) 478-0961. 



50 



40. SIMON, Michael: N ADDIS negative, w/m, 11-23-78, Aliebenliezel 82, Jerusalem, 
telephone number 97226768256, Israeli passport no. 8660008, POB Jerusalem, 6'1", 180 
lbs., black hair, brown eyes. 

41. VAKSHI, Inbal: N ADDIS negative aka Bella POLLCSON, State of Israel Ministry 
of Transport License number 7098663 and 036444842, International Student Identity 
Card number S972-204-775-487, DOB 02/03/1979. 

42. ZAGURI, Oshirt: N ADDIS negative, 701 S. 21 Ave., 4205, Hollywood, FL 33020, 
DOB 07/11/1977, 5'6", FL DL #Z260-640-77-75 1 -0.. 

43. WEISFELNER, Odfd N ADDIS - Negative. (NFI) 

44. KEDEM, Guy. N ADDIS -Negative. This female left a business card stating EAG- 
Guy Kedem, European Art Group, Oil Paintings; phone number (720) 581-7076; Fax 
number (303) 336-7006. The (720) number is unlisted and the (303) number is a fax 
number for Heritage Creek Apartments, 650 South Dahlia Circle, Denver, Colorado. 
(NFI) 

The following individuals were identified by the Ft. Meyers, Florida Resident Office 
(#45-48): 

45. MEIPvAV, Zwaig, NADDIS - Negative, w/f, thin build, short long dark hair, DOB: 
2/9/76, US VISA control # 20003205620012, Israeli passport 97831088 

46. MACHBUBI, Hilda, NADDIS - Negative, w/f DOB: 5/4/79, US VISA control # 
200039721001 1, Israeli passport # 6530284, FL ID #M21 1-320-79-664-0 

47. SIMKIN, Nimrod, NADDIS - Negative, w/m, over 6' tall, curly hair, DOB: 9/2/77, 
FL DL# S525-620-77-3220 

48. KEREN, Inbal, NADDIS - Negative, w/f, DOB: 7/17/79, US VISA control # 
20001710300009, Israeli passport # 6082073 

The following individuals were identified by the Richmond, Virginia District Office 
(#49-54): 

49. KEDEM, Eran, NADDIS - Negative, w/m, Israel, dob 10/15/75, 5'1 1", 1601bs., 
12990 SW 74th St., Pine Crest, FL, Israeli ID 4031820079, Israeli driver's license 
#651007 

50. PERLAS, Limor NADDIS - Negative. (NFI) 

51. ASE, Shiri NADDIS - Negative. (NFI). 



51 



52. KEMETCH, Omit, a.k.a. KIMCHY, Ornit, N ADDIS - Negative, w/f, dob 02/04/74, 
passport 96814521 

53. MER, Shmrt N ADDIS - Negative. (NFI) 

54. BOUZAGLO, Kobi, NADDIS - Negative, cellular telephone 1-888-321-6213 (NFI) 

The following individuals were identified by the Montgomery, Alabama District 
Office: 

55. VALANSI, Marcelo, NADDIS - Negative, dob 1 1/24/77, Argentina passport 
#26316660, 901 SE. 1st Ave., #2, Gainesville, FL., 617 E. University Ave., Gainesville, 
FL., 1436 Washington Ave., Miami, FL., registered owner of 1984 GMC Custom Van, 
Florida tag Tl 1YZX., Argentina DNI263 16660 card 4190961, speaks English and 
Spanish, Tel # (352)378-1485 (Identified in Paragraph 6) 

56. VALANSI, Roberto, NADDIS - Negative, father of Marcelo VALANSI. Salguero 
2468, Apartment 15, Buenos Aires (NFI) (Identified in Paragraph 10) 

57. VALANSI, Graziela, NADDIS - Negative, mother of Marcelo VALANSI, Salguero 
2468, Apartment 15, Buenos Aires (NFI) (Identified in Paragraph 10) 

58. SAGES, Ester, NADDIS - Negative, dob 9/30/77, Israeli passport 96470399, Attornet 
161, New York City, NY., Hotel Carlton, New York City, NY (Identified in Paragraph 6) 

59. SAGES, Elyahu NADDIS - Negative, (deceased), father of Ester SAGES, (NFI) 
(Identified in Paragraph 9) 

60. SAGES, Marjalit, NADDIS - Negative. Mother of Ester SAGES (NFI) (Identified in 
Paragraph 8) 

61. DARDIC, Vanina Erika, NADDIS - Negative, dob 3/5/78, Argentina passport 
#10581811, 901 SE. 1st Ave., Gainesville, FL. . Argentina DN 126473227 card#J8557, 
speaks English, Hebrew, and Spanish, girlfriend of VALANSI, citizen of Argentina and 
Israel (Identified in Paragraph 4) 

62. DARDIC, Mario, NADDIS Negative, father of Vanina DARDIC (NFI) (Identified in 
Paragraph 9) 

63. COHEN, Judith (maiden name) NADDIS - Negative, mother of Vanina DARDIC 
(NFI) (Identified in Paragraph 9) 

64. GAVISH, Yael NADDIS - Negative. W/F Brown hair, Brown eyes, DOB: Oct 03, 
1978. Citz: Israel Passport Number: 5013766 issued 12-03-92, expires 3-12-2002 US 
Visa number 20001818940002 Class B-l/B-2 issued July 05, 2000 Expires June 28, 
2010. 



52 



65. BALHAMS, Meirav N ADDIS - Negative. W/F Brown hair, Brown eyes, 5'03" DOB: 
10-03-78 Citz: Israel. New York ED Card 4 140-614-039. Address: 354 Paterson Plank 
Road #1, Jersey City, NJ 07650 

The following individuals were identified by the Orlando D.O. on May 3, 2001: 

66. SEGALOVITZ, Peer - N ADDIS Negative, White, male, Nationality: Israeli, DOB: 
03-16-1974, POB Israel, Address: 8187 N. University Drive Apt. 4129, Tamarac, FL, 
entered the U.S. on B-2 class visa on January 17, 2001. Former officer in Israeli Special 
Forces 605 Battalion. Israeli Military ED # 5087989. Encountered May 3, 2001 at the 
Orlando D.O. Occupation: Israeli Art Vendor/Student. (Identified in Paragraph 96) 

67. SEGALOVITZ, Dror - N ADDIS - Negative. White, Male, Brother of Peer 
Segalovitz. ADD: Address 8187 N. University Drive, Apt. Nationality: Israel. Identified 
in Paragraph 98) 

68. SABGUNDJIAN, Kathy - N ADDIS: Negative. (626) 358-6453 (626) 256-1027 

69. SAGIV, Akyuz Shmuel - NADDIS: Negative. White, Male, Israeli Passport # 
8710426; DOB: 09-27-1976; POB: Maaloot, Israel; Entered US In New York; PN: 
954712-2126. Associate of Peer Segalovitz and Dror Segalovitz. (Identified in paragraph 
#99). 

The following were identified at the Volk Field ANG Base, Camp Douglas, 
Wisconsin: 

70. WATERMANN, Tsvi NADDIS - Negative, AKA: Watermann, Zvi; white, male, 
DOB: June 7, 1979; Address: Pri Megadim 36 Mevaseret Zion, Isreal; Israeli Passport # 
5728101 expiration date July 20, 2002; U.S. visa class B1/B2 expiration date March 20, 
201 1; Israeli Ministry of Transport driver's license, number 7046942. 

71. KANTOR, Gal Kal NADDIS - Negative, white, male, DOB: Sep 08, 1975, Address: 
Kibbuts EilonNO Western Galilee, Israel 22845; Israeli Passport 8261507 expiration 
date of Oct 20, 2004; U.S. B1/B2 visa, control number 19993358160012, expiration date 
of Nov 30, 2009. 

The following were identifed at Tinker AFB, Oklahoma: 

72. OHANA, Yaron NADDIS - Negative. DOB: 02-04-78; POB: Haifa, Israel; Passport 
Number: 8421721 U.S. Visa Number:42252049. 

73. KALFON, Ronen NADDIS - Negative. DOB: 04-13-76; POB: Haifa, Israel Passport 
Number :8168262; U.S. Visa Number: 3 5966019. 

74. COHEN, Zeev NADDIS - Negative. DOB: 03-26-78; POB: Haifa, Israel, Passport 



53 



Number: 5524033: U.S. Visa Number: 33331965. 

75. TOPAZ, Naor N ADDIS - Negative DOB: 06-08-77; POB: Haifa, Israel Passport 
Number: 8081705; U.S. Visa Number: 33306515. 

The following were identified by the Euless, TX Police Department on January 2nd, 
2001, (refer to page 10): 

76. LIFSHITZ, Gilad, N ADDIS - Negative. W/M, DOB'09/17/1978 

77. YANAY, Betzalel, N ADDIS - Negative. W/M, DOB 09/04/1978 

78. BITON, MoriN Miryam, N ADDIS - Negative. W/F; DOB 07/14/1980 

79. SASSON, Dana, N ADDIS - Negative. W/F, DOB 08/10/1980 

80. TOUYZ, Keren, N ADDIS - Negative. W/F, DOB 08/20/1978 

81. TZOR, Noam, NADDIS - Negative, previous owner of 1GAHG39K5SF1 12662, a 
1995 Chev/Spt owned by Gilad LIFSHITZ of 7535 N. Beltline Rd, APt 316, Irving, 
Texas 75062. 

82. ROTEM, Sharon, NADDIS - Negative, described as a white male, DOB 03 -12-77, 
Israeli passport number 7948317, street address: 6023 Moshe Dayan, Holon, Israel. 

83. MAIMON, Maya, NADDIS - Negative. Nationality: Israel. Israeli passport number as 
5467894, US B1/B2 visa, DOB 26Decl978, Issue Date: 18Oct2000, Expiration Date: 
15Oct2010. 

84. BADIHI, Nofar, NADDIS - Negative. Nationality Israel. Israeli passport number 
5640993, DOB 21/03/1979 (sic), Place of Birth: Israel, date of issue: 05/12/1993, date of 
expiry (sic): 04/12/1995; US Visa B I/B2, issue date: 05Jul 1996, Expiry Date: 
02JUL2006. 

85. MARABOTTO, Marco NADDIS - Negative. Airline tickets were found reflecting the 
travel of Maya MAIMON and Marco MARABOTTO from DFW airport to Albuquerque, 
NM via Delta flight 2238 on March 24, 2001. Each ticket also reflected Delta flight 1944 
from Las Vegas to DFW on April 1, 2001. 

86. FERNANDEZS, Marco, NADDIS - Negative a.k.a. Marco Antonio FERNANDEZ 
De Castro Marabotto, DOB 13Aprl977, passport number 9939003961 1, Issuing State: 
Mexico; place of birth: Mexico, date of issue: 16Jull999, expiration date: 16Jul2000. 

87. REGEV, Gadi, NADDIS - Negative described as DOB: 17Decl975, Nationality: 
Israel, passport number 5454338, visa type: B1/B2, issuing post: Tel Aviv, issue date: 
05Novl998, expiration date: 04Nov2008 



54 



88. ARTZI, Eyal, N ADDIS - Negative Texas DL 19554509, and an expiration date of 06- 
27-07. address: 10334 Sandra Lynn Dr., Dallas, TX 75228. DOB 05-27-1977, 
commercial database shows that ARTZI is the owner of a 1993 Plymouth Acclaim, Texas 
plate: J75FYB, date registered 08/21/2000, expiration date: 07/31/2001 

89. SUSI, David, N ADDIS Negative DOB 01/09/1975, boyfriend of Maya MAIMON 
The following were idefitified by I&NS - Dallas: 

90. ELD AD, Dahan, N ADDIS - Negative. W/M Israeli, add: Oak IEH Apts. 1913 
Estrada Parkway, #228, Irving, TX. Arrested by I&NS March 26 2001. (Identified in 
paragraph 39) 

91. AFRICANO-Leon, Elsa Beatriz, N ADDIS - Negative. W/F Nationality: Colombia 
Add: Oak Hill Apts. 1913 Estrada Parkway, #228, Irving, TX. Arrested by I&NS March 
26, 2001. (Identified in paragraph 39) 

92. LIVNI, Eran, N ADDIS - Negative. W/M Israeli Add: Oak Hill Apts. 1913 Estrada 
Parkway, #228, Irving, TX Arrested by I&NS March 26, 2001. (Identified in paragraph 
40) 

93. OFEK, Aran, N ADDIS - Negative. W/M Israeli, ADD: Oak Hill Apts. 1913 Estrada 
Parkway, #259, Irving, TX., father is 2-star general in Israeli Army. Arrested by I&NS 
March 26, 200 1 . (Identified in paragraph 40) 

94. GAL, Michal, N ADDIS - Negative. W/F, Israeli, DOB 08/10/1979, POB Afula, 
Israel, INS A 75-894-941, ADD: Oak Hill Apts. 1913 Estrada Parkway, 4259, Irving, 
TX, Alt add.: 22 Palisade Terrace, Edgewater, NJ 01020 Tel: (201)224-0797 Arrested by 
I&NS March 26, 2001. (Identified in paragraph 40) 

95. GAVRIEL, Noam, NADDIS - Negative. Nationality: Israel (Identified in paraggraph 
40) 

96. KRITZMAN, Netta, NADDIS - Negative. Nationality: US Citizen (Identified in 
paragraph 40) 

97. BAER, Ophir, NADDIS - Negative. W/K DOB 1 1/1 1/1956, Nationality: Israel, 
employed by AMDOCS, Ltd., add: 7845 La Cabeza Drive, Dallas, TX 75248, former 
add: 1125 East Campbell Rd., Richardson, TX, Tel: (972) 392-0473 & (214) 576-5741, 
SSN: 627-70-0979- (Identified in paragraph 42) 

98. AMDOCS, Limited., NADDIS - Negative, add: 1390 Timberlake Manor Parkway, 
Chesterfield, MO, Tel: (314) 821-3242 (Identified in paragraph 43) 

99. DOTAN, Boaz, NADDIS - Negative. 23 Abba Hillel, St. Ranat Gan, Israel, TX 
president of AMDOCS, Ltd. (Identified in paragraph 43) 



55 



100. WHITMAN, Beverly A., N ADDIS - Negative. SSN: 400-88-4097, Treasurer of 
AMDOCS, Ltd. (Identified in paragraph 43) 

101. CHRISTOFFEL, Gregory, N ADDIS - Negative. SSN: 389-52-850, Secretary of 
AMDOCS, Ltd. (Identified in paragraph 43) 

102. MOSHE, Eran, N ADDIS - Negative. Israeli, I&NS A 75-894-459, averted by I&N 
on 03/26/2001, occup. Israeli art student (Identified in paragrph 44) 

103. VAINSHTEIN, Julia, N ADDIS - Negative. W/F Israeli, DOB 1 1/12/1978, POB: 
Russia, arrived DFW on 03/27/2001, Assoc: Michael CALMANOVIC (Identified in 
paragraph 46) 

104. BORENSTEIN, Dilka, N ADDIS - Negative. Israeli, DOB 03/15/1979, POB: Israel, 
former Israeli Military Intelligence Officer, Assoc: Michael CALMANOVIC (Identified 
in paragraph 46) 

105. NAVAR, Ofir, N ADDIS - Negative. Israeli, DOB 09/02/1979, POB: Israel, former 
Israeli Military Demolition/Explosive ordnance specialist (Identified in paragraph 46) 

106. CALMANOVIC, Michael, N ADDIS - Negative. W/M, Israeli, DOB 09/06/1-975, 
POB: Israel, registered owner of TX: L44-CVD, add: 3575 N. Beltline Rd., Apt. 316, 
Irving, TX., alt. add: 312 Rochelle Rd., Irving, TX, alt. add: 1 103 Hidden Ridge #3018, 
Irving, TX alt. Add: 1913 Estrada Parkway, Irving, TX 75061, alt. add: 11012 Ventura 
Blvd., Studio City, CA 91604 Tel: (214)882-5196, alt, add: 319 S. 177 Place, 4201, 
Seattle, WA 98148 Tel: (206) 244-7705, Tel: (214) 882-5196 / (214) 837-3574 / 
(469)446-1248 (214) 837-5996 (214) 876-1235 (217) 837-2056 former Israeli electronic 
intercept officer. Arrested by I&NS on April 4th, 2001, Posted $50K bond, (Identified in 
paragraph 46) 

107. SIMON, Itay, N ADDIS - Negative. W/M, Israeli, DOB 02/27/1978, POB: Israel, 
former Israeli military, add: 1 103 Hidden Ridge #3018, Irving, TX, alt add: California 
Associate of Michael Calmanovic. Arrested by I&NS April 4, 2001 for violation of 
status, posted $50,000 bond. (Identified in paragraph 50) 

108. LNU, Gilad, N ADDIS - Negative. Tel: (214) 882-5196 (214) 876-1235 (Identified 
in paragraph 50) 

109. LNU, Roy, N ADDIS - Negative. Tel: (214) 837-3574 (Identified in paragraph 50) 

110. LNU, Mosh, N ADDIS - Negative. Tel: (469) 446-1248 (Identified in paragraph 50) 

111. LNU, Gil, N ADDIS - Negative. Tel: (214) 837-5996 (Identified in paragraph 50) 

1 12. LNU, Gasaf, N ADDIS - Negative. Tel: (217) 837-2056 (Identified in paragraph 50) 



56 



113. ENGEL, Yoni, N ADDIS - Negative. W/K DOB 09/14/1979, POB: Israeli Citzen, 
Israel, former company commader in Israeli military, arrived DFW on 03/28/2001, 
arrested by I&NS, St. Louis, MO on April 4th, 2001 (Identified in paragraph 51) 

1 14. DAGAI, Yotam, N ADDIS - Negative. DOB 04/06/1978, POB: Israeli Citzen, Israel, 
arrested by I&NS, St. Louis, MO on April 4th, 2001, arrived DFW on 03/28/2001. 
(Identified in paragraph 51) 

115. ALROEI, Or, W/M DOB 08/08/1978, POB: Israeli Citizen, Israel, visited DEA St. 
Louis on 04/04/2001, Had Tel: (214) 882-5196 in his possession, Associate of Michael 
CALMANOVIC & Gil LNU. (Identified in paragraph 51) 

116. RABINOVITZ, Eli, N ADDIS - Negative. W/M, DOB 03/27/1979, U.S. passport 
E3701329518, 5'6", 175 lbs., brown hair (Identified in paragraph 51) 

117. ADESA Golden Gate, N ADDIS - Negative, add: 6700 Stevenson Blvd., Fremont, 
CA, registered owner of CA: 3LVA01P (Identified in paragraph 51) 

118. SADAN, Ben, N ADDIS - Negative, W/M Israeli, approx. 24 yoa, Tel: (214) 562- 
1110, driver of Israeli art students encountered April 4, 2001 in St. Louis, MO. 

119. BEN DOR, Tomer, N ADDIS - Negative. W/M Israeli/DOB 08/24/1975, occup: 
Computer software engineer, employer: NICE, former Israeli military officer for patriot 
missile defense (Identified in paragraph 55) 

120. GLIKMAN, Marina, N ADDIS - Negative. W/F Nationality: Israel, DOB 
12/15/1972 (Identified in paragraph 53) 

121. AKIVA, Ronen, associate of Marina GLIKMAN, occup: computer programm 
employer: RETALIX, former Israeli military officer (Identified in paragraph 55) 

122. RETALIX, USA, N ADDIS - Negative, add: 8081 Royal Ridge Parkway, Irving, 
TX, formerly known as Point of Sale, Limited. (Identified in paragraph 55). 

123. DOR, Hillel, N ADDIS - Negative. W/M Israeli, DOB 04/06/1971. Associate of 
Marina GLIKMAN (Identified in paragraph 55) 

124. MILLER, Zeev, N ADDIS - Negative. W/M Israeli, DOB 09/04/1971, occup: 
student/software engineer, employer: RETALIX Israel (Identified in paragraph 55). 

125. SHAKED, Barry, N ADDIS - Negative, CEO of RETALIX (Identified in paragraph 
55). 



57 



EXHIBIT B 



Members of Israeli Groups and Future Hijackers 
and FBI Suspects in Key Towns and Areas 

FLORIDA 



Israeli DEA 
Groups 1 



Hollywood 



Hijackers and 
FBI Suspects 2 



Hanan Serfaty 
Akyuz Sagiv 
Eli Cohen 
Sarah Sassoon 
Oshirt Zaguri 
Sussie Oshra 
Keren Matatia 
Livnat Sella 
Rachel Kendel 
Gilad Lifshitz' 



Mohamed Atta 
Marwan al Shehhi 3 
Khaled al Mihdhar 
Ziad Jarrah 
Abdulaziz al Omari 
Mohand al Shehri 
Waleed al Shehri 
Wail al Shehri 
Ahmed al Nami 
Satam al Suqami 



Hollywood Area" 



Lior Barram 
Peer Segalovitz 
Legum Yochai 
Yaron Shmuel 6 



(continued) 



Nawaf al Hazmi 
Salem al Hazmi 
Fayez Banihammad 
Ahmed al Ghamdi 



1 Underscored names of members of Israeli DEA Groups are those who were 
apparent group leaders or have military intelligence, command 
responsibility or telecommunications backgrounds. 
2 Hijackers are italicized. 

3 Marwan al Shehhi (May 2002 FBI Suspect List, p. 7) and apparently 
Akyut Sagiv (DEA Report, p. 30) also had addresses in Coral Springs. 

4 Mr. Lifshitz was stopped in Dallas with a Florida driver's license 
listing his residence as Sunny Isles Beach, about 2 miles south of 
central Hollywood. DEA Report, paragraph 27, p. 9. 

5 In addition to Hollywood, members of BOTH the ISRAELI DEA GROUPS and 
the FUTURE HIJACKERS AND/OR FBI SUSPECTS lived or operated in Miami, 
Fort Lauderdale, Plantation (two arrested with counterfeit Social 
Security cards and residences there), Coral Gables and Coral Springs. 
In addition, the Israelis lived or operated in nearby Tamarac, Sunny 
Isles Beach and Miami Beach, and the future hijackers and other 
suspects in nearby Dania and Opa Locka and (16 miles north) Delray 
Beach (see MAP 1) . 

6 Mr. Shmuel was a member of the Israeli New Jersey Group. 



Hollywood Area (continued) 



Dror Segalovitz 
Keren Kuznitz 
Zwaig Meirav 
Hilda Machbubi 
Nimrod Simkin 
Inbal Keren 
Eran Kedem 
Limor Perlas 
Shiri Ase 
Omit Kemetch 
Shmrt Mer 
Kobi Bouzaglo 
Ohad Aharon 
Yafit Segal 
Assaf Marziano 
Orit Bendalak 
Michael Simon 
liana Harari 
Rani Drore 
Inbar Kochavi 



NEW JERSEY 



Hamza al Ghamdi 
Saeed al Ghamdi 
Ahmed al Haznawi 
Hady Omar 
Abdulwah al Omari 
Mohamed al Shehri 
Kamel Daoudi 



Hudson and Bergen Counties 7 



Dominik Suter 
Sivan Kurzberg 
Paul Kurzberg 
Yaron Shmuel 
Oded Ellner 
Omer Marmari 
Meirav Balhams 9 



Nawaf al Hazmi 
Khaled al Mihdhar 
Hani Han jour 
Salem al Hazmi 
Majed Moqed 
Mohamed Atta 8 
Ahmed al Ghamdi 



(continued below) 



7 Towns include, for the Israeli New Jersey Group, Jersey City, 
Weehawken, Fair Lawn, Rutherford, East Rutherford and (Mr. Gal below) 
Edgewater. For those on the May 2002 FBI Suspect List (other than Mr. 
Suter) the towns include Jersey City, Hoboken, Paterson, Fort Lee, 
Elmwood Park, Hackensack, Wayne, North Haledon, Totowa, Harrison and 
Seacaucus. See MAP 3. 

8 Atta, al Omari and the al Ghamdis all lived in or around Hollywood, 
Florida, but had addresses in the Bergen County area and were frequent 
visitors there, as noted on page 31 of the Memorandum. See the May 
2002 FBI Suspect List and the Hijacker Timeline. 

9 Ms. Balhams was stopped in Fredericksburg, Virginia and was a member 
of the Israeli DEA Groups. She lived in Jersey City, N.J. DEA Report, 
paragraphs 138-42, pp. 38-40. 



2 



Hudson and Bergen Counties (continued) 



Michal Gal 10 Addulaziz al Omari 

Mohamed al Shehri 
Dominik Suter 11 
Mohamed Azmath 
Arshad Chaudry 
Abdul Husuen 
Bassem Hussein 
Ayub Khan 
Arshad Mazher 
Mohamed Nekhily 
Mohamed Pervez 
Mohamed Rahman 

OKLAHOMA 

Oklahoma City and Norman 

Zaccarias Moussaoui 
Nawaf al Hazmi 
Hussein Alattas 
Mukkaram Ali 
Khaled Abdulqaa- 
dir 

Mohamed Alshehri 
Mohamed Atta 
Marwan al Shehhi 
Islamic Science 

Institute 
Khadija Mohamed 
Elhadj Ndiaye 
Hadjaratou Thiam 



Yaron Ohana 
Ronen Kalfon 
Zeev Cohen 
Naor Topaz 
Yoni Engel 
Yotam Dagai 
Or Alroei 
Ben Sadan 



Mr. Gal was a member of the Israeli DEA Groups, was arrested during 
the midnight raid in Irving Texas on March 27, 2001, and lived in 
Edgewater, N.J. 

11 As noted in the Memorandum, Mr. Suter was both a leader of the 
Israeli New Jersey Group and listed in the May 2002 FBI Suspect List. 

12 Suspected potential hijacker. 



3 



CALIFORNIA 



San Diego 



Yaniv Gilor 

Five Unnamed Israelis 13 



Khaled al Mihdhar 

Nawaf al Hazmi 

Hani Han jour 

Omar al Bayoumi (cont'd) 

Hussein Alattas 

15 others (named) 



Los Angeles 



Michael Calmanovic 
Itay Simon 
Dominik Suter 14 



Mohamed Atta 
Marwan al Shehhi 
Dominik Suter 



TEXAS 



Dallas - A Probable Training Area 



for the Israeli PEA Groups 



15 



Michael Calmanovic 
Itay Simon 
Tomer Ben Por 
Marina Glikman 
Zeev Miller 
Gilad Lifshitz 
Aran Ofek 
Michal Gal 
Gal Blain 
Betzalel Yanay 
Morin Miryam Biton 
Paria Sasson 
Keren Touyz 
Morin Miryara 
Keren Touyz 
Sharon Rotem 



Nusrat Atta 
Amaan al Hallack 
Mohamed al Hallack 
Amal al Harbi 



[continued below) 



13 DEA Report, paragraphs 118-119, pp. 34-5; paragraphs 153-58, pp. 41- 
42 . 

14 Suter lived in Sherman Oaks (as well as in New Jersey) , about two 
miles west of Calmanovic in Studio City. 

15 Thirteen of the above members of the Dallas group were expelled from 
the United States on March 31, 2001. DEA Report, paragraph 48, p. 14. 
Certain members were detained elsewhere (Engel, Dagai and Alroei in St. 
Louis after visiting Oklahoma. Michal Gal was also of Edgewater, N.J., 
and Gilad Lifshitz lived in Sunny Isles Beach, Florida. 



4 



Maya Maimon 
Yoni Engel 
Yotam Dagai 
Or Alroei 
Gadi Regev 
David Susi 
Nofar Badihi 
Eval Artzi 
Julia Vainshtein 
Dilka Borenstein 
Ofir Navon 
Dahan Eldad 
Noham Gavriel 
Evan Moshe 
Rosie 
Sisso 



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EXHIBIT E 



Jt. Committee 


Daily Tel. of 
9/16 


LAT of 9/20. 


PDB 


Beg . July 


August 


August 


August 6 


Source: All- 


Source : Two 


Source : 


Source : 


source 


Senior 


Mossad 


Clandestine, 


reporting 


Experts with 




for. Govt. , 


over past 


Mossad 




media , repts 


five months 






& recent FBI 
info 


a significant 


large-scale 


a major 


hijackings or 


terrorist 


terrorist 


assault 


other types 


attack 


attacks 




of attacks 










spectacular, 


highly 


a large scale 




cause mass 


visible 


target 




casualties 


targets 


single target 




Attack 


attacks are 


U.S. will be 


Patterns of 


preparations 


imminent 


very 


suspicious 


have been 




vulnerable 


activity 


made. Will be 






consistent 


in the coming 






with 


weeks, with 






preparations 


little or no 






for 


warning 






hijackings or 
other types 
of attacks 




Cell of 200 


200 Islamics 






terrorists 


w/ terrorist 
leanings are 
slipping into 
U.S. Splanning 
major attack 




U.S. 


on the 


Target is in 


Above 


facilities or 


American 


U.S. 


patterns of 


interests 


mainland 




activity in 
this country; 
OBL 

determined to 
strike in 
U.S. 


OBL 


Link the plot 


Linked the 


OBL & Al 




to OBL 


info back to 

Afghanistan 

&OBL 


Qaeda 




Suspected 








Iraqi involv. 







MAP 1 




MAP 2 




2 



MAP 3 




3 




4